The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Gabriel Schwarz, Ph.D.

Agram, Croatia, Hungary.

AGRAM (ZAGREB) – Austro-Hungarian city, capital of Croatia and Slavonia, situated near the Save river, about 160 miles from Vienna. The first two Jewish families that settled at Agram migrated thither during the second half of the eighteenth...
CROATIA – Earliest Mention. Southwestern part of the Hungarian crown provinces; consists of Croatia, Slavonia, and the Military Frontier, included since 1868. The earliest allusion to Jews in Croatia is found in a letter of the Spanish...
ESSEK – Fortified town in Austria-Hungary, the second largest of Croatia; situated on the Drave. It has a population of about 18,000, including 1,600 Jews. Jews did not enjoy the privilege of residence there until 1792. They were,...
SPITZER, SAMUEL – Hungarian rabbi; born in 1839 at Keszthely, where his father was rabbi; died in 1896; a descendant of Yom-Ṭob Lipmann Heller. He studied at Prague, and became rabbi at Esseg in 1856. He was generally recognized as an authority...