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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Meyer Kayserling,

(deceased), Late Rabbi, Budapest, Hungary.

Contributions:
GALLEGO, JOSEPH SHALOM DE SHALOM – Neo-Hebraic poet; died in Palestine Nov. 25, 1624. He was the first ḥazzan of the first synagogue erected in Amsterdam, and occupied the position fourteen years, then removed to Palestine. He edited the work "Imre No'am,"...
GAMA, VASCO DA – Portuguese discoverer of the highway to India by sea. Like Columbus, he was materially aided in his voyage by Abraham Zacuto, astrologer to King D. Manuel. As commander-in-chief of the fleet destined for India, he set sail from...
GAON – An influential Jewish family in Vitoria, Spain.Don Gaon: Chief farmer of taxes under Henry IV. of Castile, whose suite he accompanied through the Basque territory on the way to S. Juan de Luz on the Spanish-French frontier....
GARCIA, BERNARDO (BENJAMIN?) NUÑEZ – Spanish poet; lived in Amsterdam about the middle of the eighteenth century. His little burlesques and occasional poems are extant in manuscript. Among them are an epithalamium, written in the year 1735 for the wedding...
GATIGNO – Name (Spanish) of a family known in the fourteenth century, and still flourishing in Turkey; it is probably derived from the former French district of Gatines.Abraham Gatigno: Rabbi; born in Salonica; grandson of Abraham ben...
GATIGNO – Name (Spanish) of a family known in the fourteenth century, and still flourishing in Turkey; it is probably derived from the former French district of Gatines.Abraham Gatigno: Rabbi; born in Salonica; grandson of Abraham ben...
GATIGNO – Name (Spanish) of a family known in the fourteenth century, and still flourishing in Turkey; it is probably derived from the former French district of Gatines.Abraham Gatigno: Rabbi; born in Salonica; grandson of Abraham ben...
GEDALIAH, JUDAH, DON – Portuguese printer; born in Lisbon, where he was engaged as foreman in the printing-house of Eliezer Toledano. Driven out of Portugal at an advanced age, he settled in Salonica, and about 1515 set up the first Hebrew printing...
GENEVA – Synagogue at Geneva, Switzerland.(From a photograph.)Capital of the Swiss canton of the same name; situated at the southwest end of Lake Geneva; population (1900) about 80,000, of whom 1,076 are Jews. Jews lived there, as well...
GERONA – Situation of Jewry. Fortified city in northern Spain. As early as 1002 Pope Sylvester acknowledged to Bishop Odo of Gerona the receipt of the tax ("census") of the Jewish community there ("Marca Hispanica," Appendix, No. 150, p....
GHEZ – A Tunisian family including several authors.David Ghez: Talmudist; lived at Tunis in the second half of the eighteenth century. He was a pupil of Isaac Lombroso and Ẓemaḥ Ẓarfati. He wrote several works, only one of which, a...
GHIRON – An old family originally from Gerona, Spain, and known in Hebrew as "the Geronim." It has produced many rabbis, among whom may be mentioned the following:Abraham Ghiron: Son, and successor in Adrianople, of Jacob Yaḳḳir...
GIL VICENTE – Portuguese dramatist; born at Lisbon about 1470; called by the Portuguese their Plautus, their Shakespeare, and the father of their comedy. He numbered secret Jews among his friends, to one of whom, Affonso Lopez Capaio, a poet...
GIRBAL, ENRIQUE CLAUDIO – Spanish scholar; born at Gerona Nov. 16, 1839. He was chronicler of his native city and member of several learned bodies. He published the following works: "Los Judios de Gerona," Gerona, 1870; "Escriptores Gerundenses o Sea...
GOMEZ, ANTONIO ENRIQUEZ – Spanish poet; born in Segovia toward the end of the sixteenth century; died in 1662. He was a son of the Marano Diego Enriquez de Villanueva. Of exceptional abilities, Antonio devoted himself to study while very young. At the...
GOMEZ, MANUEL – Physician; born about 1580 of Portuguese parentage at Antwerp. After studying medicine at Evora he settled as a physician at Amsterdam. He wrote "De Pestilentiæ Curatione" (Antwerp, 1603; 3d ed., ib. 1643), and is said to have...
GOMEZ DE SOSA (SOSSA), ABRAHAM – Spanish physician; died at an advanced age Elul 21 (=Sept. 10), 1667. He was physician in ordinary to the infante Ferdinand (son of Philip III. of Spain), governor of the Netherlands. His epitaph is recorded in D. H. de Castro's...
GOMEZ DE SOSA (SOSSA), ISAAC – Latin poet ("famoso poeta Latino," according to De Barrios); son of Abraham Gomez do Sosa. He was arbiter at the academy of poetry founded by Don Manuel de Belmonte in 1677. Gomez wrote the Latin epitaph on his father's tomb, a...
GONZALO GARCIA DE SANTA MARIA – Spanish bishop and enemy of the Jews; born at Burgos in 1379; baptized as a boy of eleven, together with his father, Paul de Burgos or de S. Maria. He was appointed Archdeacon of Briviesca in 1412, and then successively Bishop...
GONZALO, MARTINEZ – A poor Spanish knight who was promoted to high offices through the instrumentality of Joseph de Ecija, in whose service he was. Hebrought charges against his master and against Samuel ibn Waḳar before King Alfonso XI. (1312-60),...
GRANADA – Capital of the Spanish province of the same name. It is said to have been inhabited by Jews from the earliest times; hence it was also called "Villa de Judios" (City of Jews), and, like Cordova, it was entrusted by the Arabian...
GRONEMANN, SELIG – German rabbi; born at Flötenstein, West Prussia, Dec. 7, 1843; attended the gymnasium at Konitz and the seminary and university at Breslau; became rabbi at Strasburg (1872) and at Danzig (1878), and district rabbi of Hanover...
GRÜNEBAUM, ELIAS – German rabbi; born in the Palatinate Sept. 10, 1807; died in Landau Sept. 25, 1893. In 1823 he went to Mayence, where he became a pupil of the Talmudist Löb Ellinger, and in 1826 continued his Talmudic studies at Mannheim; in...
GUADALAJARA – City in Castile, Spain. When Tariḳ ibn Zaid conquered the city in 711, he found Jews there, as in Toledo and other places, and gave the conquered city to them to guard. In the "fuero" (charter) which Alfonso VII. gave to the...
GUARDIA, LA, THE HOLY CHILD OF – Subject of a story invented by the Spanish Inquisition shortly after its institution. A Christian boy, whose name, age, and family vary in different accounts, is said to have been crucified and killed by six Maranos and five...