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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Meyer Kayserling,

(deceased), Late Rabbi, Budapest, Hungary.

Contributions:
GUETTA, ISAAC – Talmudic scholar and promoter of Jewish learning, whose ancestors went to the Orient from Huete, Spain; born June 5, 1777; lived for several years in Triest. In his old age he went to Safed, where, as in Tiberias, he founded...
GUIMARÃES – City of Portugal. In the fourteenth century it had a wealthy Jewish community, whose quarter was located on the site of the present fish-market, "praça do peixe," and extended to the Holy Ghost street. A few years previous to...
GUTMANN, MOSES – Bavarian rabbi; born in Baiersdorf 1805; died at Redwitz Feb. 1, 1862; son of Yom-Ṭob Gutmann. Moses Gutmann was educated at Erlangen University, and when twenty-two years old was elected district rabbi of Redwitz, which office...
HAARBLEICHER, MOSES M. – German author; born in Hamburg Nov. 14, 1797; died there Sept. 25, 1869. Following the example of his father, the founder of the Jewish School of Hamburg, and under the influence of his guardian, the father of Gabriel Riesser,...
HAAS, SIMḤAH BEN JOSHUA – Traveler and preacher; born in Dobrowitz, Bohemia, 1710; died in Brahilov 1768. He was father-in-law to Solomon Dubno, and was a preacher in Brahilov. In 1764 he wrote an account of his journey to Palestine, "Ahabat Ẓiyyon" or...
HAGEGE, ABRAHAM – Chief rabbi at Tunis, where he died in 1880. After his death Israel Zeitoun of Tunis and Aaron ben Simon of Jerusalem published his explanations of most of the treatises in the Babylonian Talmud under the title "Zar'o shel...
HAIM, ISRAEL BEHOR – Servian author; born at Belgrade, Servia. He left his home in 1813 in consequence of the invasion of the Dahjas, and settled at Vienna, where he edited the Ladino translation of the Bible, the daily prayers, and other ritual...
HAINDORF, ALEXANDER – German physician, writer, and philanthropist; born at Lenhausen, a village in Westphalia, May 12, 1784; died at Hamm Oct. 16, 1862. The son of poor parents, he went, after their early death, to his grandparents at Hamm, where,...
HALLE, AARON BEN WOLF – Translator and commentator of the Bible; born 1754 at Halle; died at Fürth March 20, 1835; son of Dr. Wolf of Fürth. He was a follower of Moses Mendelssohn; editor (1797) of the periodical "Ha-Meassef" (in which he signed...
HAMBERGER, C. H. – Physician in Leipsic; died March 2, 1847, at an advanced age. He translated G. B. de Rossi's "Dizionario Storico degli Autori Ebrei" into German under the title "Historisches Wörterbuch der Jüdischen Schriftsteller und Ihrer...
HAMON – Ancient family, originally from Spain, which settled in Turkey and produced several physicians. The following were among its more important members:1. Aaron b. Isaac Hamon: Physician at Constantinople about 1720.2. Joseph Hamon:...
HARO – City in La Rioja, in the diocese of Calahorra, Spain. In the fifteenth century it contained a Jewish community, the members of which were engaged in agricultural, commercial, and industrial pursuits, particularly in tanning, and...
Ḥasdai, ABU YUSUF (BEN ISAAC BEN EZRA) IBN SHAPRUT – Spanish physician, diplomat, and patron of Jewish science; born about 915 at Jaen; died 970 or 990 at Cordova. His father was a wealthy and learned Jew of Jaen. Ḥasdai acquired in his youth a thorough knowledge of Hebrew,...
ḤASDAI BEN SAMUEL BEN PERAḤYAH HA-KOHEN – Turkish rabbi; born at Salonica; died there Sept., 1677; claimed descent from Joseph ben Gorion. He was a son of the learned Samuel ben Peraḥyah of Salonica, and a pupil of Rabbi Ḥayyim Shabbethai in that city, where he also...
ḤASDAI BEN SOLOMON – Spanish rabbi; born probably in Tudela. He was a pupil of R. Nissim Gerondi in Barcelona. His friend (and probably fellow pupil) Isaac b. Sheshet calls him the "Spanish worthy." He officiated as rabbi until 1379, when the plague...
HAUSER, PHILIPP – Hungarian physician, and writer on medical topics; born at Nádas, Hungary, April 2, 1832. For several years he attended the Talmudic school at Presburg and that at Nikolsburg, Moravia (1848). In 1852 he began the study of...
ḤAYYIM BEN ISRAEL – Spanish philosopher and author; lived in Toledo about 1272-77; a descendant of the Israeli family and a relative of Isaac Israeli, author of the astronomical work "Yesod 'Olam." He wrote a treatise on paradise, which exists in...
ḤAYYIM HA-LEVI – Physician, and chief rabbi of the united congregations in the archbishopric of Toledo. As the chief rabbi, Zulaimah Alfahan, did not personally administer his office, but resided permanently at Seville, Archbishop D. Pedro...
ḤAZZAN, HAZAN – An Oriental rabbinical family, probably of Spanish origin, members of which are found in Spain, and in Smyrna, Alexandria, and other cities of the East; their pedigree, however, can not be traced further back than the eighteenth...
ḤAZZAN, ELEAZAR HA- – Precentor; lived in Speyer toward the end of the eleventh century. He was the teacher of Samuel the Pious, and perhaps identical with Eleazar, son of Meshullam the Great. The latter supplied many notes to the commentator on...
HEINEMANN, JEREMIAH – German author; born at Sandersleben July 20, 1778; died in Berlin Oct. 16, 1855; son of Rabbi Joachim Heinemann. In 1808 he was appointed secular member of the consistory of Westphalia. On the dissolution of that body he acted...
HENLE, ELISE – German novelist and dramatist; born in Munich 1830; died at Frankfort-on-the-Main Aug. 18, 1892; she was a niece of the poetess Henriette Ottenheimer. After her marriage to the manufacturer Leopold Levi of Esslingen, her house...
HENLE, ELKAN – One of the earliest champions of the emancipation of the Jews in Bavaria; born Dec. 7, 1761, in Fürth; died there Oct. 14, 1833. He was the author of: "Ueber die Verbesserung des Judenthums" (anon., Offenbach, 1803; for the most...
HENRIQUEZ (ENRIQUEZ), ISABELLA – Spanish poetess; lived at Madrid; died after 1680. She distinguished herself in the different academies at Madrid. Isaac (Fernando) Cardoso dedicated to her his work, "Del Color Verde," on the color green, which is the symbol of...
HENRY II – King of Castile; born at Seville in 1333; died in 1379; illegitimate brother of Pedro I. He was as hostile to the Jews as Pedro had been friendly. His long-cherished hatred of his brother burst forth when a Jew named Jacob, an...