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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Meyer Kayserling,

(deceased), Late Rabbi, Budapest, Hungary.

Contributions:
HEREDIA, PAULUS (PABLO) DE – Spanish anti-Jewish writer; born about 1405 in Aragon; died at an advanced age after 1486. Baptized late in life, he attacked Judaism, though he had at one time defended it and his former coreligionists. In order to assail the...
HERRERA, ALONZO DE – Cabalist; born in Spain; died in Amsterdam, Holland, 1631. According to D. L. de Barrios, Herrera was descended from the famous Spanish commander, Fernandez Gonzalo de Cordova ("the Great Captain"). He represented the Sultan of...
HERTZVELD, ESTELLA DOROTHEA SALOMEA – Dutch poetess; born at The Hague July 14, 1837; died at Arnhem Nov. 4, 1881; granddaughter of Chief Rabbi H. J. Hertzveld of Zwolle. The Dutch poet Wilhuys had great influence on her poetical education, and through him her first...
HESS, ISAAC – Advocate of Jewish emancipation in Württemberg; born in Lauchheim, near Ellwangen, in 1789; died Oct. 6, 1866. Destined for the rabbinate, he was sent to the Talmudic school at Fürth, in which he remained four years. With the...
HESS, MICHAEL – German educator and author; born in Stadt-Lengsfeld, Weimar, April 9, 1782; died at Frankfort-on-the-Main Feb. 26, 1860; brother of Mendel Hess. His father, Rabbi Isaac Hess Kugelmann, destined him for a rabbinical career. After...
HÖCHHEIMER (HÖċHHEIM, HOCHHEIMER, HECHIM) – Bavarian family, named after its original home in Hochheim. The following are its more important members:Elias ben Ḥayyim Cohen Höchheimer: Astronomer of the eighteenth century; born in Hochheim; died in Amsterdam, whither he...
HÖCHHEIMER (HÖċHHEIM, HOCHHEIMER, HECHIM) – Bavarian family, named after its original home in Hochheim. The following are its more important members:Elias ben Ḥayyim Cohen Höchheimer: Astronomer of the eighteenth century; born in Hochheim; died in Amsterdam, whither he...
HÖCHHEIMER (HÖċHHEIM, HOCHHEIMER, HECHIM) – Bavarian family, named after its original home in Hochheim. The following are its more important members:Elias ben Ḥayyim Cohen Höchheimer: Astronomer of the eighteenth century; born in Hochheim; died in Amsterdam, whither he...
HÖCHHEIMER (HÖċHHEIM, HOCHHEIMER, HECHIM) – Bavarian family, named after its original home in Hochheim. The following are its more important members:Elias ben Ḥayyim Cohen Höchheimer: Astronomer of the eighteenth century; born in Hochheim; died in Amsterdam, whither he...
HOCHMUTH, ABRAHAM – Hungarian rabbi; born at Bán, Hungary, Dec. 14, 1816; died at Veszprim June 10, 1889. While attending the University of Prague he pursued the study of the Talmud with S. L. Rapoport. In 1846 he was appointed principal of the...
HORSCHETZKY, MORITZ – Austrian physician and writer; born at Bydzov, Bohemia, in 1788; died Nov. 7, 1859, at Nagy-Kanizsa, Hungary, where he had been practising medicine since 1811. As a writer he devoted himself chiefly to the works of Josephus,...
HUESCA – City in Aragon. Toward the end of the thirteenth century it contained a specially privileged Jewish community of 160; it also had a rabbinical college of its own (Solomon ben Adret, Responsa, Nos. 300, 1179). The congregation,...
HUETE – Spanish city, in the bishopric of Cuenca. A considerable Jewish community lived there in the thirteenth century. The city is especially known because of the "Padron de Huete," the apportioning, in 1290, of the taxes which the...
HYRCANUS, JOHN (JOHANAN) I. – High priest; prince of the Hasmonean family; born about 175; died 104 (Schürer). He was a wise and just ruler and a skilful warrior. As a young man he distinguished himself as a general in the war against the Syrian general...
IBN EZRA, JUDAH – Son of Joseph ibn Ezra of Granada; Spanish state official of the twelfth century. He was raised by Alfonso VII. of Castileto the position of commander of the frontier fort of Calatrava, to the dignity of "nasi" (prince), and, a...
IBN JAU, JACOB – Silk-manufacturer at Cordova, occupying a high position at the court of the calif Hisham; died about 1000. Amador de los Rios calls him "Ibn Gan." Jacob and his brother Joseph, finding in the court of the palace a large sum of...
IBN NUÑEZ, JACOB – Physician to King Henry IV. of Castile and his chief judge ("juez mayor"); also rabbi, as he calls himself. In 1474 hewas commissioned by the king to apportion at Segovia the taxes which the "aljamas" of the Jews in all the...
IBN SAHL, ABU OMAR JOSEPH BEN JACOB – Poet and scientist; died at Cordova 1124. He was a pupil of Isaac ibn Ghayyat, was rabbi at Cordova for nine years, and was distinguished for both learning and piety. Joseph ibn Sahl, who must not be confounded with the poet...
IBN SHAPRUT (SHAFRUT) – Spanish philosopher, physician, and polemic; born at Tudela in the middle of the fourteenth century; often confused with the physician Shem-Ṭob ben Isaac of Tortosa, who lived one hundred and fifty years later. While still a...
IBN VIVES (VIVAS), ḤAYYIM – Spanish translator; translated from Arabic into Hebrew for David ibn Bilia the farewell letter of Ibn al-Ṣa'igh to 'Ali ben 'Abd al-'Aziz ibn al-Imam of Granada. 'Ali was Ibn al-Ṣa'igh's pupil and the collector of his works...
IBN VIVES, JUAN – Grandson of one of the richest Jews of Valencia, and one of the most influential and respected of the citizens of that city. In 1510, at an auto da fé held in Valencia, he was condemned for Judaizing, and his houses, which were...
IBN VIVES AL-LORQUI (OF LORCA), JOSEPH BEN JOSHUA – Spanish physician; died before 1372; father of Joshua ben Joseph ibn Vives al-Lorqui. He revised Tibbon's translation of Moses Maimonides' "Millot Higgayon" and dedicated the revision to his pupil Ezra ben Solomon ibn Gatigno....
IBN VIVES AL-LORQUI (OF LORCA), JOSEPH BEN JOSHUA – Spanish physician; died before 1408; son of Joshua ibn Vives al-Lorqui. He translated from Arabic into Hebrew various books of the short canon of Avicenna, and added to the translation a commentary which was used by ShemṬob...
IBN VIVES AL-LORQUI (OF LORCA), JOSHUA BEN JOSEPH – Spanish physician; lived about 1400 in Alcañiz. In 1408, at the command of the rich and influential Benveniste ben Solomon b. Labi, he wrote a work in Arabic on the value and effects of various foodstuffs and of simple and...
IBN VIVES AL-LORQUI (OF LORCA), JOSHUA BEN JOSEPH – His Works. Spanish physician, anti-Semitic writer, and propagandist. As a Jew his name was Joshua ha-Lorki (from the name of his birthplace, Lorca, near Murcia), although it is hardly correct to identify him with the author of...