JewishEncyclopedia.com

The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
- Phrase search: "names of god"
- Exclude terms: "names of god" -zerah
- Volume/Page: v9 p419
- Diacritics optional: Ḥanukkah or hanukkah
- Search by Author: altruism author:Hirsch
search tips & recommendations

Meyer Kayserling,

(deceased), Late Rabbi, Budapest, Hungary.

Contributions:
IBN WAḲAR (WAḲḲAR, HUACAR, HUCAR, V06p553001.jpg), JUDAH BEN ISAAC OF CORDOVA – Tax-collector for, and representative and traveling companion (about 1320) of, the infante Don Juan Manuel; the author of "Conde Lucanor." He was a very pious man, an admirer of R. Jehiel b. Asher of Toledo, and punished...
IBN WAḲAR (HUACAR), SAMUEL – Physician to King Alfonso XI. of Castile; astronomer and astrologer; flourished in the fourteenth century. A favorite of the king, he gained influence in the administration of the finances of the country, and received the...
INQUISITION – Origin. Court for the punishment of heretics and infidels, established as early as the reigns of the emperors Theodosius and Justinian, though not under that name. Little was heard of this institution until the beginning of the...
ISAAC DE LEON – One of the last rabbis of Castile; lived at Toledo. He was a native of Leon, and a pupil of Isaac Campanton, and, like Moses de Leon, a cabalist and a believer in miracles. Joseph Caro and others honored him with the title of...
ISHMAEL BEN PHABI (FIABI) II. – High priest under Agrippa II.; not to be identified (as by Grätz and Schürer) with the high priest of the same name who was appointed by Valerius Gratus and who officiated during 15-16 of the common era. Ishmael was a worthy...
ISIDORUS HISPALENSIS – Archbishop of Seville; flourished in the sixth and seventh centuries. He presided over the fourth Council of Toledo, called together by the Visigothic king Sisenand (633), and gave expression to the principle that Jews ought not...
JACA – City of Aragon, Spain. Jews were settled here as early as the eleventh century, during which the city became the seat of a Jewish high school. Sancho Ramirez the Great, King of Navarre, did not permit the Jews to grind their...
JACOB ÇADIQUE (ẒADDIḲ) – Spanish physician and writer; born at Ucles in the second third of the fourteenth century. He devoted himself to the study of medicine, and became body-physician to D. Lorenzo Suarez de Figueroa, Maestre de Santiago, from whom...
JAEN – Capital of the province of Jaen in Andalusia, Spain. It possessed a flourishing Jewish community as early as the thirteenth century. In 1391 many of its members were either killed or forced to accept baptism. A still heavier...
JARE – Name of an ancient Italian family of scholars dating back to the fifteenth century.Giuseppe Jaré: Italian rabbi; born at Mantua, Dec., 1840. He was educated at the Istituto Rabbinico of Padua, being one of the last pupils of S....
JATIVA – City in the kingdom of Valencia. The Jews of this locality were granted special privileges by Don Jaime, the conqueror of Valencia. He gave them houses and fields, and allotted them a street as a special quarter. In 1267 the...
JEKUTHIEL IBN ḤASAN – Statesman and scientist of the eleventh century; lived in Saragossa. According to Geiger, he is identical with the astronomer Ḥasan ben Ḥasan, who lived as dayyan in Cordova, where he wrote a work on astronomy, and later settled...
JESURUN – A family whose members were descendants of the Spanish exiles, and are found mainly in Amsterdam and Hamburg. The earliest known member appears to have been Reuel Jesurun.Daniel Jesurun: Preacher and president of an educational...
JOHANNES HISPALENSIS – Baptized Jew who flourished between 1135 and 1153; his Jewish name is unknown and has been corrupted into "Avendeut," "Avendehut" = "Aven Daud," "Avendar." He was a native of Toledo, and hence is called also Johannes (David)...
JOHLSON, JOSEPH (Asher ben Joseph Fulda) – German Bible translator and writer on educational topics; born in 1777 at Fulda; died atFrankfort-on-the-Main June 13, 1851. He was sometimes called "Fulda," after his native place, where his father was acting rabbi. In 1813 he...
JOLOWICZ, HEYMANN (ḤAYYIM BEN ABRAHAM) – German preacher and author; born Aug. 23, 1816, at Santomischl, province of Posen; died at Königsberg, Prussia, Jan. 31, 1875. He attended the University of Berlin and then filled the position of preacher in Marienwerder, Kulm,...
JOSEPH IBN PLAT – Rabbinical authority of the twelfth century; born presumably in southern Spain, whence he went to Provence and settled in Lunel, though Epstein is of opinion that he was born in the Byzantine empire. If this is so, he may be...
JUAN DE SEVILLA – Representative of the Maranos in 1482, and a wealthy tax-farmer; lived in Jerez de la Frontera. In 1481, when ordered to answer to the charge of Judaism before the inquisitors Miguel de Morillo and Fra Juan de S. Martin, he...
JUAN DE VALLADOLID – Spanish poet and Marano of lowly station; born about 1420 in Valladolid. He lived at the courts of Naples, Mantua, and Milan as improvisator and astrologer. On his return to Spain he was captured by Moorish pirates and taken to...
JUDÆO-SPANISH LANGUAGE (LADINO) AND LITERATURE – Judæo-Spanish is a dialect composed of a mixture of Spanish and Hebrew elements, which is still used as the vernacular and as a literary language by the Sephardim or "Spagnioli," descendants of the Jews expelled from Spain and...
JUDAH ("Rabbi Mor") – Chief rabbi of the Jews in Portugal and treasurer of King Don Diniz, with whom he enjoyed great favor; died before 1304. He was very wealthy; in 1298 he lent 6,000 livres to Don Raimund de Cardona for the purchase of the city of...
JUDAH – Treasurer to Ferdinand, King of Portugal; appointed in 1378. After the king's death he became the favorite of his queen, Leonora de Meneyes, whom he accompanied as a page when she was obliged to flee from the infuriated populace...
JULIAN OF TOLEDO – Primate of Spain; born in Toledo (where he was also baptized); died in 690. He was the first of the long list of ecclesiastical princes who were of the Jewish race and who opposed and persecuted their former coreligionists. That...
KAEMPF, SAUL ISAAC – Austrian rabbi and Orientalist; born at Lissa, Posen, May 6, 1818; died at Prague Oct. 16, 1892. He received his first lessons from his father, Aaron Jacob Kaempf, a Talmudic scholar, and then entered the gymnasium atBerlin and...
KARPELES, GUSTAV – Historian of literature; editor; son of Elijah Karpeles; born Nov. 11, 1848, at Eiwanowitz, Moravia; studied at the University of Breslau, where he attended also the Jewish theological seminary. He embraced the profession of...