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Meyer Kayserling,

(deceased), Late Rabbi, Budapest, Hungary.

Contributions:
LEON – Ancient Spanish kingdom, bounded by Old Castile, Portugal, and Galicia. The Saracens ruled here until driven out by the Spaniards, who founded a kingdom of their own, which in 1218 was incorporated with Castile. In this kingdom...
LEON (LEÃO) – Spanish-Portuguese family having branches in Italy, Holland, Germany, England, southern France, the Orient, the West Indies, especially Jamaica, and Surinam.1. Abraham Judah Leon: Assistant rabbi of the Spanish-Portuguese...
LEON, MOSES (BEN SHEM-ṬOB) DE – Cabalistic writer; author, or redactor, of the Zohar; born at Leon, Spain, about 1250; lived in Guadalajara, Valladolid, and Avila; died at Arevalo in 1305, while returning to his home. He was familiar with the philosophers of...
LERIDA – City in Catalonia, which as early as the fourteenth century had an important Jewish community possessed of several privileges. Thus, it was exempted from the general obligation to provide the royal court, during its presence in...
LEVI, BENEDIKT – German rabbi; born at Worms Oct. 14, 1806; died at Giessen April 4, 1899; son of Samuel Wolf Levi, a member of the Sanhedrin of Paris and rabbi of Mayence from 1807 until his death in 1813. Benedikt Levi, who was destined for a...
LEVI, JUDAH – Influential Jew at Estella, Navarre, from 1380 to 1391. In 1380 and the following years he was commissioned, with Samuel Amarillo, to collect the tax of five per cent on all real estate in the district of Estella which within...
LEVINSTEIN, GUSTAV – German manufacturer and writer; born in Berlin May, 1842. After graduating from the Köllnisches Gymnasium in Berlin he went to England, where he and his brothers founded an anilin-dye factory at Manchester. Returning to Berlin,...
LEWIN, ADOLF – German rabbi and author; born at Pinne, Posen, Sept. 23, 1843. Lewin was educated at the Jewish Theological Seminary and at the University of Breslau. In 1872 he was appointed rabbi in Kozmin, later in Coblenz, and in 1886 was...
LIPSCHÜTZ (LÜPSCHÜTZ, LIPSCHITZ, LIBSCHITZ) – Name of a family of Polish and German rabbis; derived from "Liebeschitz," name of a town in Bohemia.Aryeh Löb Lipschütz: Austrian rabbi and author; lived in the second half of the eighteenth and in the first half of the...
LIPSCHÜTZ (LÜPSCHÜTZ, LIPSCHITZ, LIBSCHITZ) – Name of a family of Polish and German rabbis; derived from "Liebeschitz," name of a town in Bohemia.Aryeh Löb Lipschütz: Austrian rabbi and author; lived in the second half of the eighteenth and in the first half of the...
LIPSCHÜTZ (LÜPSCHÜTZ, LIPSCHITZ, LIBSCHITZ) – Name of a family of Polish and German rabbis; derived from "Liebeschitz," name of a town in Bohemia.Aryeh Löb Lipschütz: Austrian rabbi and author; lived in the second half of the eighteenth and in the first half of the...
LIPSCHÜTZ (LÜPSCHÜTZ, LIPSCHITZ, LIBSCHITZ) – Name of a family of Polish and German rabbis; derived from "Liebeschitz," name of a town in Bohemia.Aryeh Löb Lipschütz: Austrian rabbi and author; lived in the second half of the eighteenth and in the first half of the...
LISBON – Capital of Portugal. It had the largest Jewish community in the country and was the residence of the chief rabbi ("arraby mor"). It had several "Judarias" or Jewish streets, one of them in the part of the city called "de...
LOBATO – Marano family, several of whose members lived at Amsterdam. The best-known members of the family are:Diego Gomez Lobato (called also Abraham Cohen Lobato): Portuguese Marano; born at Lisbon, where he was living in 1599; cousin...
LOPEZ – A family of Sephardic Jews several of whom were distinguished for scholarly attainments.Eliahu Lopez: Dutch ḥakam of the seventeenth century. He received his rabbinical education, together with Isaac Nieto and others, in the...
LOPEZ ROSA – Portuguese Marano family of Lisbon, which owned a printing establishment there in 1647.Duarte Lopez Rosa: Physician; born at Beja. Duarte was condemned by the Inquisition at Lisbon (Oct. 10, 1723) as an adherent of Judaism.Moses...
LÖWE, MOSES SAMUEL (Johann Michael Siegfried Löwe) – German painter and engraver; born at Königsberg, Prussia, June 24, 1756; died there May 10, 1831. Aided by the friendship and influence of the Friedländer family, he had achieved such a reputation by 1780 that the empress...
LÖWENTHAL, NAUMANN – German teacher and writer; born Feb. 25, 1819, at Schmiegel; died at Posen Feb. 28, 1855. He attended the gymnasium in Lissa and the universities of Berlin and Breslau, where he devoted himself principally to the study of...
LUCENA – City near Cordova, Spain, magnificently situated, and surrounded by strong walls and wide moats. In early times it was inhabited almost exclusively by Jews who had arrived together with its founders; hence it was called "Jews'...
LUCERNE – City of Switzerland, in the canton of the same name. Jews were living there as early as the middle of the thirteenth century. The earliest records of the town contain regulations for the sale of the flesh of animals slaughtered...
LUPERIO (LUPERCIO), ISAAC – A Jew, perhaps a Marano, of Spanish descent; lived at Smyrna. His apology, written in Spanish and directed against a monk at Seville, and an interpretation by him of Daniel's "seventy weeks," entitled "Apoloxia Repuesta y...
LYSIMACHUS – Anti-Jewish Alexandrian writer; lived before Apion. Like the Stoic Chæremon, he went beyond even Manetho in his inimical account of the exodus of the Jews from Egypt. According to Lysimachus, the Jews, numbering 110,000, left...
MADRID – Capital of Spain. Jews lived there as early as the twelfth century. By the old municipal law ("Fuero de Madrid") they were given the same privileges as the other inhabitants, with the one exception that Christian butchers were...
MALAGA – Spanish Mediterranean seaport; capital of the province of Malaga; said to have been founded by the Phenicians. Malaga was an important place of commerce in the time of the Romans and had Jewish inhabitants at a very early date....
MALEA (MALEHA; MELEA), MEÏR DE – Almoxarif mayor"; chief farmer of taxes of King Ferdinand III. (the Holy) of Castile, whose favor he gained through his honesty and zeal in the interest of the state. Don Meïr, who was versed in the Talmud and was held in high...