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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Meyer Kayserling,

(deceased), Late Rabbi, Budapest, Hungary.

Contributions:
MONZON, ABRAHAM (the Younger) – Rabbinical and Talmudic scholar of the middle of the sixteenth century. He was originally from Tetuan in Morocco, where he was engaged in commerce. He left that city and settled successively in Algiers, Oran, and Cairo. At Cairo...
MORENO (MORENU) – According to the interpretation of Moses ibn Ḥabib, a proper name, which was adopted as a family name by Spanish-Portuguese Jews. It frequently occurs in connection with "Paz," "Shalom," and "Henriquez." Families bearing this...
MOSER – An informer, denunciator, or delator; synonyms are "masor" (abstract, "mesirah"), "delator" ( ), and "malshin" (abstract, "malshinut"), from the last of which are derived the Portuguese "malsim," and also the Spanish "malsin,"...
MOSES AÇAN (ḤAZZAN) DE ZARAGUA – Spanish poet; born in Catalonia; perhaps the Moses Açan who lived in Cuenca, and who, when King Alfonso X. (the Wise) was staying there in 1271, brought him the news of the conspiracy of the infante Philip with the grandees of...
MOSES CORDOVERO – Physician; lived at Leghorn in the seventeenth century. Conforte praises him as a good physician, and also on account of his scholarship and philanthropy. He was always eager to secure the release of prisoners, through...
MOSES BEN ENOCH – Founder of Talmud study in Spain; died about 965. He was one of the four scholars that went from Sura, the seat of a once flourishing but then declining Talmud academy, in order to collect contributions for that school. During a...
MOSES B. SAMUEL OF ROQUEMAURE – Physician and translator of the fourteenth century; lived at Avignon, Toledo, and Seville. At Toledo he wrote a poem, before 1358, satirizing the eccentric philosophical writer Shemariah of Negropont, who posed as Messiah and...
MOSES URI B. JOSEPH HA-LEVI – Rabbi at Emden and one of the founders of the Spanish-Portuguese community at Amsterdam; born 1544, probably at Wittmund; died after 1622 in Emden. In 1593 a vessel of Maranos, under the leadership of Jacob Tirado, was driven...
MURCIA – Capital of the former kingdom of Murcia, where Jews were living as early as the period of Moorish rule. When King James of Aragon was besieging the city, he negotiated with its inhabitants through an embassy which included the...
MURVIEDRO – City in the old kingdom of Valencia. Its Jewish community had special privileges, and a plot of ground was assigned to it in 1327 for a cemetery. During the rebellion of the Unionists in 1348, the Jews of Murviedro were...
NAAR, ISAAC – akam, and, according to De Barrios, physician of the seventeenth century; born at Amsterdam; studied with Moses Zacuto and Baruch Spinoza under Saul Levi Morteira at the Talmud Torah 'Eẓ Ḥayyim, where he subsequently taught. A...
NAGDELA (NAGRELA), ABU ḤUSAIN JOSEPH IBN – Spanish statesman; born about 1031; died Dec. 30, 1066; son of Samuel ibn Nagdela. A highly educated and clever man, he succeeded his father as vizier and as rabbi of the community of Granada, directing at the same time an...
NAḤMIAS (NAAMIAS, NEHMIAS) – One of the most ancient and prominent Jewish families of Toledo. The oldest member known is Joseph Naḥmias, son-in-law of Joshua ben Isaac ibn Saidum, who was living in 1112. In 1211 another of the same name is met with in the...
NAḤMIAS (NAAMIAS, NEHMIAS) – One of the most ancient and prominent Jewish families of Toledo. The oldest member known is Joseph Naḥmias, son-in-law of Joshua ben Isaac ibn Saidum, who was living in 1112. In 1211 another of the same name is met with in the...
NAHUM – Liturgical poet; lived about 1300, probably in southern Spain. He possessed unusual talent. Some of his poems have been translated into German and printed by Michael Sachs, while others are preserved only in manuscript.This...
NAJARA (NAJAR, NIJAR, NAGAR, NAGARA) – Oriental Jewish family, originally from Najera, a Spanish city of Navarre, on the River Najerilla. In the history of rabbinical literature Najaras are found at Algiers, Tunis, Damascus, Gaza, etc.David Najar: Rabbinical writer...
NAJERA, NAGERA – City in Spain, situated between Logroño and Burgos. In the tenth century it had a prosperous Jewish community. In the fuero, or municipal privileges, conferred upon the city by Don Sancho el Mayor, and confirmed by Alfonso VI....
NASI, REYNA – Duchess of Naxos; born in Portugal; only daughter of the Marano Francisco Mendes-Nasi and Gracia Mendesia (Beatrice de Luna). She lived with her mother at Antwerp, then at Venice, going with her to Constantinople about 1552,...
NATHAN, ELIAS SALOMON – German physician and author; born at Eutin about 1806; died at Hamburg July 5, 1862; educated at Kiel (M.D. 1830). He took part in the Polish campaign, and afterward settled in Hamburg as a physician. In addition to his literary...
NATHAN, WOLF BEN ABRAHAM – German Biblical exegete and theologian; born at Dessau July 8, 1751; died there Sept. 6, 1784. He wrote a commentary on the Book of Job entitled "Pesher Dabar" (Berlin, 1777), which was highly praised and recommended for its...
NAVARRE – Former kingdom in Spain, surrounded by Aragon, Castile, and the Basque Provinces; now comprised in the provinces of Navarre (Spain) and Basses-Pyrénées (France). Sometimes independent, and at other times under French suzerainty,...
NAVARRO – Portuguese family, the following members of which became well known:Judah ben Moses Navarro: Son of Moses Navarro, body-physician of Pedro I. of Portugal; "tesoreiro é almoxarife mór" (treasurer and receiver-general of taxes) of...
NEHAMA, JUDAH – Turkish rabbi; born in Salonica 1825; died there 1899. He was rabbi in his native place; for many years vice-president of the local committee of the Alliance Israélite Universelle; corresponded with S. D. Luzzatto. S. L....
NEUDA, ABRAHAM – Austrian rabbi; born at Loschitz, Moravia, in 1812; died there Feb. 22, 1854. He was the son of R. Aaron Neuda of Loschitz, and the nephew of R. Jacob Neuda of Lomnitz, Moravia. In 1830 he entered the Talmudic school at...
NEUMANN, ELEONORA – German violinist; born at Lissa in 1819; died at Triest in Jan., 1841. She received her musical education at Warsaw, where her father lived for several years until his expulsion for political reasons. In March, 1838, she went to...