JewishEncyclopedia.com

The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
- Phrase search: "names of god"
- Exclude terms: "names of god" -zerah
- Volume/Page: v9 p419
- Diacritics optional: Ḥanukkah or hanukkah
- Search by Author: altruism author:Hirsch
search tips & recommendations

Cyrus Adler, Ph.D.

President of the American Jewish Historical Society; Former President of the Board of Directors of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America; Assistant Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C.

Contributions:
KOHLER, MAX J. – American lawyer; born at Detroit, Mich., May 22, 1871; son of Kaufmann Kohler; educated at the College of the City of New York (B.S. 1890) and at Columbia Law School (M.A. 1891, and LL.B. 1893). From 1894 to 1898 he was...
KOHN, TOBIAS – American merchant and silk-manufacturer; born at Prague, Bohemia; died at Hartford, Conn., 1898. He emigrated to America as a result of the revolution of 1848-49. Kohn was a manufacturer of silk braid, and he took part of his...
KOHUT, ALEXANDER – Rabbi and Orientalist; born April 22, 1842, at Felegyhaza, Hungary; died May 25, 1894, in New York. He belonged to a family of rabbis, the most noted among them being R. Israel Paloṭa ( ), his great-grandfather, R. Amram (called...
KOL BO – Collection of ritual and civil laws, the meaning of the title being "all is in it"; who its author was has not yet been ascertained. The work in content resembles earlier codes, as, for instance, the Ṭurim or the "Orḥot Ḥayyim,"...
KOL NIDRE – Prayer recited in the synagogue at the beginning of the evening service on the Day of Atonement; the name is taken from the opening words. The "Kol Nidre" has had a very eventful history, both in itself and in its influence on...
KOPLIK, HENRY – American physician; born at New York Oct. 28, 1858; educated at the College of the City of New York and at the College of Physicians and Surgeons (M.D. 1881). He took a postgraduate course at the universities of Leipsic, Prague,...
KRAUS, ADOLF – American lawyer; born at Blowitz, Bobemia, Feb. 26, 1850; emigrated to the United States at the age of fifteen, and worked successively on a farm, in a factory, and in a store. In 1871 he went to Chicago, Ill., and while engaged...
KRAUSKOPF, JOSEPH – American rabbi and author; born in Ostrowo, Prussia, Jan. 21, 1858. He emigrated to America (New York) in July, 1872, and from New York he went to Fall River, Mass., where he found employment as clerk in a tea-store. Through the...
LABATT, ABRAHAM COHEN – American pioneer; born at Charleston, South Carolina, in 1802; died at Galveston, Texas, Aug. 16, 1899. He was one of the organizers of the Reform congregation in Charleston in 1825. In 1831 he removed to New Orleans, where he...
LAGARTO, JACOB – South-American rabbi and Talmudist of the seventeenth century; probably a son of Simon Lagarto of Amsterdam. He went to Brazil when a young man, and about 1680 was ḥakam of the Jews at Tamarica. He was the author of a work...
LAMP, PERPETUAL – In synagogues a perpetual light is maintained in a lamp which consists generally of a glass vessel containing a wick burning in olive-oil; this is held in an ornamental metal receptacle suspended from the ceiling in front of the...
LANCASTER – Joseph Simon. Town founded in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, in 1730; one of the six or seven cities in the United States containing pre-Revolutionary Jewish settlements. The earliest record of this interesting Jewish...
LANDSBERG, MAX – American rabbi; born at Berlin Feb. 26, 1845; son of Meyer Landsberg, "Landrabbiner" at Hildesheim, Hanover. He was educated at the Hildesheim Gymnasium Josephinum, and at the universities of Göttingen and Breslau, also studying...
LASKER, RAPHAEL – American rabbi; born at Zirke, province of Posen, Feb. 19, 1838; educated by his father, who was rabbi of Zirke, by the rabbis Caro of Pinne, Feilchenfeld and Mendel, both of Rogasen, and later at the gymnasium of Gleiwitz and...
LAUCHHEIMER, CHARLES HENRY – American naval officer; born at Baltimore, Md., Sept. 22, 1859. In 1881 he graduated from the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis; in 1884 he took the degree of LL.B. at Columbia University. He attained the rank of first...
LAUTERBACH, EDWARD – American lawyer; born in New York city Aug. 13, 1844; graduated from the College of the City of New York in 1864; admitted to the bar two years later. He was a member of the New York Constitutional Convention in 1864 and...
LAVER – Laver and Basin.(In the possession of Maurice Herrmann, New York.) Obverse of a Bar Kokba Coin, Bearing a Laver.(After Madden.) Laver Consisting of Ewer and Basin.(In the possession of B. L. Cohen, London.) Laver Consisting of...
LAZARUS, EMMA – American poet; born July 22, 1849, in New York city; died there Nov. 19, 1887; daughter of Moses and Esther (Nathan) Lazarus. She was educated by private tutors, and early manifested poetic taste and talent. The first stimulus...
LAZARUS, JOSEPHINE – American essayist; born March 23, 1846, in New York city, where she has always resided; daughter of Moses and Esther (Nathan) Lazarus. The first piece of work to bring her into prominent notice was the biographical sketch of her...
LAZARUS, MOSES – American merchant; born in New York city June 29, 1813; died there March 9, 1885. He was identified with the sugar-refining industry until 1865; thereafter he lived in retirement. In 1840 he married Esther Nathan, a member of...
LEATHER – Biblical Data: Skins of animals were employed for clothing as soon as man felt the need of covering his body to protect himself against cold and rain. With the advance of civilization such clothing was everywhere replaced by...
LEATHER – Biblical Data: Skins of animals were employed for clothing as soon as man felt the need of covering his body to protect himself against cold and rain. With the advance of civilization such clothing was everywhere replaced by...
LE-DAWID BARUK – Familiar title for Ps. cxliv., from the initial words of the Hebrewtext, with especial reference to its employment, together with Ps. lxvii., as an introduction to the evening prayer at the close of the Sabbath. Alone among the...
LEESER, ISAAC – American rabbi, author, translator, editor, and publisher; pioneer of theJewish pulpit in the United States, and founder of the Jewish press of America; born at Neuenkirchen, in the province of Westphalia, Prussia, Dec. 12,...
LEIDESDORFF, WILLIAM – One of the earliest settlers in California; born (at Szathmar, Hungary ?) about 1802; died at San Francisco May 18, 1848. He was the son of Mordecai Leidesdorff; his cousin Yitl (Henrietta) married Akiba Eger, and their daughter...