JewishEncyclopedia.com

The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
- Phrase search: "names of god"
- Exclude terms: "names of god" -zerah
- Volume/Page: v9 p419
- Diacritics optional: Ḥanukkah or hanukkah
- Search by Author: altruism author:Hirsch
search tips & recommendations

Cyrus Adler, Ph.D.

President of the American Jewish Historical Society; Former President of the Board of Directors of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America; Assistant Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C.

Contributions:
RESPONSES – The congregational answers to the utterances of the officiant. These were originally what the responses to the benedictions of those private individuals who are called to the reading of the Law still remain—mere loud acclaims....
RESPONSES TO BENEDICTIONS – Any portion of the liturgy which begins with the words "Blessed be Thou, O Lord" ("Baruk attah Adonai"), or which ends with an abstract of itself introduced by these words, or which both begins and ends thus, is known as a...
RHODE ISLAND – One of the original thirteen states of the American Union. The settlement of Jews in the state dates back to 1658 (see Newport). In addition to the community in Newport, the state has a growing community in Providence, with four...
RICE, ABRAHAM – American Talmudist and rabbi; born 1800 at Gagsheim, near Würzburg, Bavaria; died in Baltimore, Md., Oct. 29, 1862. As a young student he was placed in the care of Rabbi Abraham Bing of Würzburg, by whom he was ordained rabbi;...
RICE, ISAAC LEOPOLD – American lawyer, author, and chess-player; born Feb. 22, 1850, at Wachenheim in the Rhenish Palatinate. When six years of age he was taken by his mother to the United States. Rice was educated at the Central High School in...
RICE, JOSEPH MAYER – American physician and editor; born May 27, 1857, at Philadelphia, Pa. He was educated at the public schools of Philadelphia and New York, at the College of the City of New York, and at the College of Physicians and Surgeons,...
RICHMAN, JULIA – American educator; born in New York city Oct. 12, 1855. She was educated in the public schools of New York and at the Normal College, and did postgraduate work at New York University. From 1884 to 1903 she was principal of...
RICHMOND – Beth Shalome. Capital of Virgina, and, during the Civil war, of the Confederate States of America. By 1785 it had a Jewish community of over a dozen families, of Spanish-Portuguese descent. In 1791 a Sephardic congregation was...
RIDBAZ (WILLOWSKI), JACOB DAVID B. ZEEB – Russian rabbi and commentator; born Feb. 7, 1845, in Kobrin, government of Grodno, Russia. He was successively rabbi at Izballin (1868), Bobruisk (1876), Wilna (1881), Polotsk (1883), Vilkomir (1887), and Slutsk (1890-1900). In...
RIES, ELIAS ELKAN – American electrical engineer; born at Randegg, Baden, Germany, Jan. 16, 1862. When only three years of age he was taken by his parents to America. He received his education at the public schools of Baltimore and New York,...
RINGS – Ring as Symbol of Marriage by Purchase. Finger-rings, like rings for the ears and the nose, were used as ornaments by the Jews as early as the Biblical period (Ex. xxxv. 22, etc.), while seal-rings (Gen. xxxviii. 18, 25, etc.)...
RIVERA – Spanish Jewish family that appears in American history at an early date. The family seems to have come from Seville, Spain, though some members of it have been traced to Portugal; many were settled in Mexico before the middle of...
ROCHESTER – Capital of Monroe county, and the third city in size in the state of New York. According to the latest census (1900) it has 162,608 inhabitants, among whom, it is estimated, the Jews number about 5,000.Although a few Jews lived...
ROSENAU, MILTON JOSEPH – American physician; born at Philadelphia Jan. 1, 1869; educated at the University of Pennsylvania (M.D. 1889). For more than a year he acted as intern at Blockley Hospital, and then entered the Marine Hospital Service. In 1892...
ROSENAU, WILLIAM – American rabbi; born at Wollstein, Germany, May 30, 1865. He attended successively the gymnasium of Hirschberg (Silesia), the public schools of Philadelphia, the University of Cincinnati (B.A. 1888), Hebrew Union College...
ROSENBACH, HYMAN POLLOCK – American journalist; born at Philadelphia Sept. 16, 1858; died there March 4, 1892. He was connected with the "Public Ledger" and other papers. In 1883 he published a work entitled "The Jews of Philadelphia Prior to 1800," one...
ROSENBERG, ABRAHAM HAYYIM – Russian-American writer; born at Pinsk, Russia, Oct. 17, 1838; a descendant of the Jaffe family. Educated at home and at the rabbinical seminary of Jitomir, Russia, he became in 1872 chief rabbi of the district of Pinsk, and was...
ROSENDALE, SIMON W. – American lawyer; born at Albany, N. Y., June 23, 1842; graduated from Barre Academy, Vermont. He was admittedto the bar in 1863, and shortly thereafter became assistant district attorney of Albany county. In 1868 he was elected...
ROSENFELD, MORRIS – Yiddish poet; born at Boksha, government of Suwalki, Russian Poland, Dec. 28, 1862, educated at Boksha, Suwalki, and Warsaw. He worked as a tailor in New York and London and as a diamond-cutcer in Amsterdam, and settled in New...
ROSENFELD, SYDNEY – American dramatist; born in Richmond, Va., Oct. 26, 1855; educated in the public schools of Richmond and New York.When the publication of "Puck" was decided on, Rosenfeld was appointed its editor, but he eventually turned his...
ROSENTHAL, HERMAN – American author, editor, and librarian; born at Friedrichstadt, province of Courland, Russia, Oct. 6, 1843; educated at Bauske and Jacobstadt, graduating in 1859. In this year he translated into German several of Nekrassov's...
ROSENTHAL, JULIUS – American lawyer; born in Liedolsheim, grand duchy of Baden, Germany, Sept. 17, 1828. He was educated at the lyceum at Rastadt and the universities of Heidelberg and Freiburg. In 1854 he emigrated to the United States and settled...
ROSENTHAL, MAX – American painter and engraver; born at Turek, near Kalisz, Russian Poland, Nov. 23, 1833. He studied at Berlin under Karl Harnisch, and at Paris under Martin Thurwanger, whom he accompanied to the United States in 1849. Settling...
ROSENTHAL, TOBY EDWARD – American artist; born at New Haven, Conn., March 15, 1848. He received a public-school education at San Francisco, whither his family had removed in 1855, and studied art under Fortunato Arviola in the same city in 1864. In 1865...
ROSENZWEIG, GERSON – Russian-American editor, author, and poet; born at Byelostok, Russia, April, 1861. He received his education in the Jewish schools of Berlin, Cracow, and in Byelostok and other cities of Russia, and conducted a Hebrew school in...