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Cyrus Adler, Ph.D.

President of the American Jewish Historical Society; Former President of the Board of Directors of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America; Assistant Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C.

Contributions:
SCHLOESSINGER, MAX – German philologist and theologian; born at Heidelberg Sept. 4, 1877; educated at the public school and the gymnasium of his native place, the universities of Heidelberg, Vienna, and Berlin (Ph. D. 1901), the
SCHNABEL, LOUIS – Austrian teacher and journalist; born at Prossnitz, Moravia, June 29, 1829; died at New York May 3, 1897. He was educated at various yeshibot, and, after completing his studies at the University of Vienna, he taught in the...
SCHREIBER, EMANUEL – American rabbi; born at Leipnik, Moravia, Dec. 13, 1852. He received his education at the Talmudical college of his native town, the rabbinical seminary at Eisenstadt, Hungary, and the Hochschule in Berlin (Ph.D., Heidelberg,...
SCHULKLOPFER – Name given in the Middle Ages to a beadle who called the members of the congregation to service in the synagogue. It is stated in the "Minhagim" of R. Jacob Levi, or Maharil (ed. 1688, p. 88b), that the beadle used to summon the...
SCHULMAN, SAMUEL – American rabbi; born in Russia Feb. 14, 1865. He was taken to New York when hardly one year old, and was educated in the public schools there and in the College of the City of New York. Schulman took his rabbinical diploma from...
SCHUR, WILLIAM – American author; born at Outian, near Vilkomir, Russia, Oct. 27, 1844. He studied Talmud at his native town and at the Yeshibah, Kovno, and theology at the Lehranstalt für die Wissenschaft des Judenthums at Berlin (1868-70)....
SCHWARZ, ANTON – Austrian chemist; born at Polna, Bohemia, Feb. 2, 1839; died at New York city Sept. 24, 1895. He was educated at the University of Vienna, where he studied law for two years, and at the Polytechnicum, Prague, where he studied...
SCRANTON – Third largest city in the state of Pennsylvania and capital of Lackawanna county. Jews settled there when the place was still called Harrison or Slocum's Hollow, the present name having been given to the city about 1850. The...
SEDER – Passover at Jerusalem. SEDER CEREMONIES FROM THE MANTUA HAGGADAH OF 1550 Seder as Observed by Dutch Jews of the Early Eighteenth Century.(From Picart.)The term used by the Ashkenazic Jews to denote the home service on the first...
SEIXAS – American family, the founder of which removed from Portugal to the United States in 1730.Abraham Seixas: American merchant and soldier; born in 1750 in New York city. He served in the American army and carried despatches for...
SEIXAS – American family, the founder of which removed from Portugal to the United States in 1730.Abraham Seixas: American merchant and soldier; born in 1750 in New York city. He served in the American army and carried despatches for...
SELIGMAN – American Jewish family having its origin in Baiersdorf, Bavaria. The eight sons of David Seligman have formed merchantile establishments spread throughout the chief commercial centers of the United States. The eldest, Joseph,...
SELIGSOHN, MAX – Russian-American Orientalist; born in Russia April 13, 1865. Having received his rabbinical training at Slutsk, government of Minsk, he went in 1888 to New York, where he studied modern languages till 1894, in which year he went...
SELIḤAH – Originally for the Day of Atonement. Penitential prayers; perhaps the oldest portion of the synagogal compositions known under the term of Piyyuṭim. The word "seliḥah" (from "salaḥ" = "he forgave") is particularly used in the...
SEMITIC MUSEUM, HARVARD UNIVERSITY – Founded by Jacob H. Schiff of New York in 1889, at Cambridge, Mass. Its objects are to gather, preserve, and exhibit all known kinds of material illustrating the life, history, and thought of the Semitic peoples, to increase the...
SHABBAT NAḤAMU – First Sabbath after the Ninth of Ab; so called because the hafṭarah begins with the words: "Naḥamu, naḥamu 'ammi" = "Comfort ye, comfort ye my people" (Isa, xl. 1). The custom of reading certain lessons from the Prophets...
SHABBAT SHUBAH – The Sabbath between Rosh ha-Shanah and Yom Kippur; so called from the first words of the hafṭarah read on that day, "Shubah Yisra'el" = "Return, O Israel." It is often called also "Shabbat Teshubah" (= "Sabbath of Repentance"),...
SHADCHAN – Marriage-broker. The verb "shadak" ("meshaddekin"), referring to the arrangements which two heads of families made between themselves for the marriage of their children, was used in Talmudical times (Shab. 150a). But the...
SHAḤAR ABAḲḲSHKA – Morning hymn written about 1050 by Solomon ibn Gabirol (Zunz, "Literaturgesch." p. 188), whose name appears in an acrostic. It is quoted in the prayer-book of the Sephardim, and particularly among the "supplications" following...
SHAVING – The Mosaic law prohibits shaving the corners of the head and of the beard (Lev. xix. 27), the priests being particularly enjoined not to desecrate their persons by violating the latter prohibition (ib. xxi. 5). The prophet says:...
SHEBAṬ – Eleventh ecclesiastical and fifth civil month of the Jewish year (Zech. i. 7); I Macc. xvi.), corresponding to January-February, and always consisting of thirty days. The 1st of Shebaṭ, according to the school of Shammai, or the...
SHE'EH NE'ESAR – The pizmon or responsory hymn in the Seliḥot of the fast of the Seventeenth of Tammuz, the "fast of the fourth month" in Zech. viii. 19. It is signed with the acrostic Shelomoh (Ibn Gabirol; comp. Zunz, "Literaturgesch." p....
SHEFTALL (SHEFTAIL) – American family, well known in Georgia, members of which are at present living in Savannah.Benjamin Sheftall: American merchant; born in England at the beginning of the eighteenth century; died at Savannah. He was one of forty...
SHEFTALL (SHEFTAIL) – American family, well known in Georgia, members of which are at present living in Savannah.Benjamin Sheftall: American merchant; born in England at the beginning of the eighteenth century; died at Savannah. He was one of forty...
SHEFTALL (SHEFTAIL) – American family, well known in Georgia, members of which are at present living in Savannah.Benjamin Sheftall: American merchant; born in England at the beginning of the eighteenth century; died at Savannah. He was one of forty...