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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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A. M. Friedenberg, B.S., LL.B.

Counselor at Law, New York City.

Contributions:
ISRAELITISCHE WOCHENSCHRIFT FÜR DIE RELIGIÖSEN UND SOCIALEN INTERESSEN DES JUDENTHUMS – Weekly journal, published at Breslau and later at Magdeburg. The first number appeared Jan. 5, 1870; the last toward the close of 1894. It was edited successively by A. Treuenfels and M. Rahmer. Together with the "Wochenschrift"...
JESCHURUN – Periodical published in Frankfort-on-the-Main and subsequently in Hanover. Founded in Oct., 1854, it was issued as a monthly by Samson Raphael Hirsch up to 1870. From 1882 till 1886 his son Isaac Hirsch published it as a weekly....
JEW, THE – Jewish monthly whose avowed object finds expression in its subtitle as "being a defense of Judaism against all adversaries, and particularly against the insidious attacks of Israel's advocate." It was published in New York city...
JEWISH COMMENT – A weekly published at Baltimore, Md., since May 29, 1895. Its first editor was Max Myers; he was succeeded by Louis H. Levin. The "Comment's" theological position is conservative, but it welcomes free interchange of opinions...
JEWISH EXPONENT, THE – A weekly published in Philadelphia and Baltimore since 1887, when it was founded by the Jewish Exponent Publishing Company. Charles Hoffman is the editor, and Ephraim Lederer associate editor. It represents American Judaism in...
JEWISH MESSENGER, THE – Weekly; published in New York city; founded and edited by R. Samuel M. Isaacs (Jan., 1857). Upon his death his son Abram S. Isaacs became editor (May 19, 1878). Its editorial and theological position was conservative. Under its...
JEWISH RECORD, THE – Weekly; published in Philadelphia, Pa., from 1874 until the spring of 1887. Alfred T. Jones was the editor, and later Henry S. Morais became associate editor. Its theological position was conservative.G. A. M. F....
JEWISH TIMES, THE; A Journal of Reform and Progress – A weekly published in New York city. The first number appeared on March 5, 1869, Moritz Ellinger being the publisher, and from Nov. 10, 1871, to Feb. 23, 1872, also the editor. On Oct. 4, 1878, Harry H. Marks became the occupant...
JOACHIMSEN, PHILIP J. – American jurist and communal worker; born in Breslau Nov., 1817; died in New York city Jan. 6, 1890. He emigrated to New York in 1827, and was admitted to the bar there in 1840. During the Civil war, he organized and commanded...
JONAS, BENJAMIN FRANKLIN – American lawyer, soldier, and statesman; born in Williamstown, Grant county, Kentucky, July 19, 1834. In early youth he removed to Adams county, Illinois, where he received his education. In 1853 he went to New Orleans, where he...
JUDE, DER – Periodische Blätter für Religion und Gewissensfreiheit: Weekly magazine published in Altona, Germany, from April 10, 1832, to Dec. 31, 1833, by Gabriel Riesser. Its chief aim was to agitate for the social emancipation of the...
JÜDISCHE PRESSE, DIE – Organ für die Gesammt-Interessen des Judenthums: Weekly periodical published in Berlin since 1869. Its editors have been S. Enoch and Israel Hildesheimer and his son Hirsch Hildesheimer. At various times I. Holländer, S. Meyer,...
KANTOR, DER JÜDISCHE, Wochenblatt für die Gesammt-Interessen Aller Kantoren und Cultusbeamten – Weekly; published at Bromberg, Prussia, beginning in 1879. Its editor is A. Blaustein, the founder of the German Israelitish Cantors' Society. It deals with matters of interest to cantors (ḥazzanim), and contains articles on...
KNEFLER, FREDERICK – American soldier; born in Hungary in 1833. He went to America, and when the Civil war broke out he enlisted as a private in the 79th Regiment Indiana Volunteer Infantry. He became successively captain, major, colonel, and...
MENDEL, HENRIETTE – Bavarian actress; born July 31, 1833; died at Munich Nov. 12, 1891. In early life she was noted for her beauty and histrionic talents. Having been created Baroness (Freifrau) of Wallersee in the peerage of Bavaria on May 19,...
MORGENLAND, ALTES UND NEUES – Monthly magazine published in Basel, Switzerland. It was edited by Samuel Preiswerk and appeared for six years (1838-44). Its contents were exclusively exegetical in character; indeed, the periodical was designed "for the...
PINE (PNIE), SAMSON – German translator of the fourteenth century. He was probably born at Peine, a city in the province of Hanover, whencehis name is derived and where a Jewish community had existed from very early times. Later he lived at...
TELESINUS – Jew of Telesia, who lived at Rome about 480. Not only did Pope Gelasius refer to him, in a letter to Bishop Quingesius, as a "vir clarissimus" and his most deserving friend, but he recommended Telesinus' relative Antonius...
TRISTRAM, HENRY BAKER – English clergyman, Biblical scholar, and traveler in Palestine; born May 11, 1822, at Eglingham, Northumberland. He was educated at Durham School and Oxford University, and took orders in 1845; but sickness compelled him to live...
WELT, DIE – Zionist periodical, published weekly at Vienna (it is arranged to remove its headquarters to Berlin in 1906). The first number appeared June 4, 1897, since which time the periodical has been issued regularly. At one time a...