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A. S. Waldstein, B.A.

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JOSE B. ABIN – Palestinian amora of the fifth generation (4th cent.); son of R. Abin I. (Bacher, "Ag. Pal. Amor." iii. 724) and the teacher of R. Abin II. (Yer. Ned. 3b). He was at first the pupil of R. Jose of Yodḳart, but the latter's...
JOSE B. JACOB B. IDI – Palestinian amora of the fourth generation (4th cent.). He was the colleague of R. Judan of Magdala (Yer. Ta'an. i. 3), and one of the expounders of the haggadot of R. Aha the Lydian. He has also some original sayings, in one of...
JOSE B. SAUL – Palestinian amora of the first generation (3d cent.). He is known chiefly as a transmitter of the sayings and traditions of the patriarch Judah I., whose disciple he was. These as well as his own sayings are further transmitted...
JOSEPH B. PETROS – Palestinian amora of the first generation (3d cent.). He was the father of Joshua b. Levi's first wife (Yer. M. K. iii. 5). He stood in friendly relations with Bar Ḳappara and had a discussion with him in regard to the...
JOSHUA B. ABIN – Palestinian amora of the fourth century whose name is associated chiefly with haggadot. He transmitted a haggadah of Levi and a halakah of 'Anani b. Sason. There are also extant some of his own haggadic sayings, and some...
JUDAH B. AMMI – Palestinian amora of the third generation (4th cent.); the son, perhaps, of the celebrated R. Ammi (Bacher, "Ag. Pal. Amor." iii. 715). His house was a rendezvous for scholars, and R. Ze'era, when exhausted by study, would sit...
JUDAH B. BABA – Tanna of the second century; martyred (at the age of seventy) during the persecutions under Hadrian. At that time the government forbade, among other things, the ordination of rabbis, an infraction of the law being punished by...
JUDAH B. PEDAYA – Palestinian amora of the first generation (3d cent.); nephew of Bar Ḳappara. Among his numerous pupils the most important was the haggadist Joshua b. Levi, who claimed to have received numerous halakot from Judah (Ex. R. vi.;...
KARP, SOFIA – Rumanian Jewish actress; born at Galatz, Rumania, 1861; died in New York March 31, 1904; the first actress to appear on the Yiddish stage. She made her début in 1877, in Goldfaden's "Die Bobe mit'n Enikel," and soon won...
KLAUSNER, JOSEPH – Russian Hebrew writer; born at Olkeniki, government of Wilna, Aug. 14, 1874. In 1885 he went to Odessa and became a pupil in the yeshibah there, studying both Talmudic and secular subjects. From 1897 to 1902 he studied...
KÖRNER, MOSES B. ELIEZER – Russian Hebrew author of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries; grandson of Yom-Ṭob Lipman Heller. He was for some time rabbi at Rendsburg; he lived next at Shklov; and from 1802 he lived at Grodno. Toward the end of his life...
LAMED-WAW – The thirty-six hidden saints called among Russian Jews Lamed-waw-niks. The legend that there are in every generation thirty-six secret saints, through whose piety the world exists, is based upon the following passage in the...
LANDSBERG – Russian family of scholars and philanthropists. Its founder was Abraham Landsberg of Kremenetz, who was born in 1756 and died in 1831 of the plague, then raging in Russia. He had six sons who were among the first Russian...
LEMBERG – Capital of Galicia, Austria; 180 miles east of Cracow and 60 miles from the Russian frontier. Its population in 1869 was 87,109 of whom 26,694 were Jews; in 1890 it was 127,943, including 36,130 Jews; in 1900 there were 44,801...
LEMBERGER, JUDAH LÖB – Judæo-German author of the seventeenth century. He was probably the son of the publisher Abraham Lemberger of Prague. Judah Löb Lemberger was the author of a work in Judæo-German, entitled "Ein Hübsch Göttlich Büchel" (Prague,...
LEPROSY – Chronic skin-disease characterized by ulcerous eruptions and successive desquainations of dead skin.—Biblical Data: According to the Levitical text, the characteristic features of leprosy were: (1) bright white spots or patches...
LEVENSON, PAVEL YAKOVLEVICH – Russian lawyer; born at Kamenetz, Podolia, 1837; died at St. Petersburg Jan. 16, 1894. In 1863 he went to St. Petersburg, where he devoted himself chiefly to law. In 1871 he graduated at the university there, and in 1877 became...
LEWINSTEIN, JOSEPH – Russian rabbi and author; born at Lublin, Russian Poland, 1840. He is a member of a family of rabbis and Talmudists which includes the author of the "Lebushim" and of "Pene Yehoshua'." At the age of twenty he became rabbi of...
LEWITA, GUSTAW – Polish pianist; born at Plock, Poland, 1855; died at Paris Feb., 1889. After graduating from the Vienna Conservatorium with distinction, he went to Paris, where he became a member of the orchestra of the Pas de Loup concerts. In...
LIBOSCHÜTZ, JACOB – Russian physician; born in 1741; died at Wilna Feb. 10, 1827. After studying at the University of Halle he went to St. Petersburg. His religious belief, however, rendered it impossible for him to settle there, and he established...
LIBOSCHÜTZ, OSIP YAROVLEVICH – Russian physician; died at St. Petersburg in 1824; probably the son of Jacob Liboschütz. He studied medicine at Dorpat (M.D. 1806, his graduating thesis being "De Morbis Primi Paris Nervorum"). He then settled at St. Petersburg,...
LIBOWITZ, NEHEMIAH SAMUEL – Russian Hebrew scholar and author; born Jan. 3, 1862, at Kolno, government of Lomza (Lomzha). He studied Talmud under R. Elijah Ḥasid and then under his own father, Isaac Libowitz; in addition he devoted himself to Hebrew...
LICHTENSTADT, MOSES ABIGDOR – Polish Hebraist and Talmudist; born at Lublin, Russian Poland, July 15, 1787; died at Odessa Jan. 17, 1870. He was noted as well for his charities, especially in assisting poor students, as for his Biblical and Talmudic...
LILIENBLUM, MOSES LÖB – Russian scholar and author; born at Keidany, government of Kovno, Oct. 22, 1843. From his father he learned the calculation of the course of the stars in their relation to the Hebrew calendar ("Ḥaṭṭot Ne'urim," i. 15). At the...
LITTHAUER, ISSACHAR BÄR – Polish-German Talmudist; flourished at the beginning ofthe nineteenth century. He wrote: "Iggeret Yissakar," on morality and religion, in the form of a letter to his son (Budapest and Lemberg, 1826); "Da'at Yissakar," commentary...