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Gotthard Deutsch, Ph.D.

Professor of Jewish History, Hebrew Union College, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Contributions:
AARON ABBA HA-LEVI BEN JOHANAN – A prominent rabbi; born about the close of the sixteenth century; died in Lemberg, June 18, 1643. He was president of a rabbinical college in Lemberg. His decisions are found in the responsa of Abraham Rapoport, Joel Särkes, and...
AARON BEN BENJAMIN WOLF – Rabbi at Berlin and also at Frankfort-on-the-Oder; born about 1670; died in Frankfort-on-the-Oder, July 25, 1721. His father, Isaac Benjamin Wolf ben Eliezer Liebman, author of "Naḥlat Binyamin" (Amsterdam, 1682), rabbi in the...
AARON BEN DAVID COHEN OF RAGUSA – Rabbi in Ragusa; born about 1580. His maternal grandfather was Solomon Oheb, also rabbi in the same city. Aaron studied in his native city and later in Venice, whence he returned to occupy a pulpit in Ragusa. In 1623 he was...
AARON BEN MEIR OF BREST – Lithuanian rabbi; born about the beginning of the eighteenth century at Brest-Litovsk ( ), Russia; died there Nov. 3, 1777. He was a descendant of the family of Katzenellenbogen-Padua, and received his Talmudical instruction...
AARON BEN MOSES TEOMIM – Rabbinical scholar; born about 1630, probably in Prague, where the Teomim-Fränkel family, from Vienna, had settled; died in Chmelnik, Poland, July 8, 1690. In 1670 he was called as rabbi to Worms, where he succeeded Samson...
AARON OF PINSK – Rabbi in Kretingen, in the government of Kovno, and afterward in Pinsk, where he died in 1841. He wrote "Tosafot Aharon," in which he attempted to solve the questions of the Tosafists in various Talmudic treatises, notably in...
ABELES, SIMON – A supposed martyr of the Roman Catholic Church in Prague. According tothe report of the Jesuit John Eder, he was killed by his father, Lazarus Abeles, March 21, 1694, because he persisted in his desire to embrace the Christian...
ABIGDOR ZUVIDAL – Italian rabbi of German descent, who flourished in the sixteenth century; died Nov. 13, 1601. David de Pomis, in the preface to his dictionary, "Ẓemaḥ David," states that Abigdor was of German descent. It was at the request of...
ABRAHAM ABELE BEN ABRAHAM SOLOMON – Known as Abele Posveller (from Poswol in the government of Kovno); acting rabbi of Wilna; died July 29, 1836. He was considered one of the leading Talmudists of his age. Although he has left no independent literary work, he...
ABRAHAM ABELE BEN JEREMIAH – Interpreter of the Masora; flourished in the middle of the eighteenth century at Kalwaria, in the government of Suwalki, Russian Poland. He wrote "Seder Abraham" (Order of Abraham), Frankfort-on-the-Oder, 1752, containing...
ABRAHAM ABELE BEN NAPHTALI – Rabbi in Kherson in the first half of the nineteenth century; author of "Bet Abraham" (House of Abraham), Szydlkow, 1837, containing (1) notes on the ritual codes, chiefly excerpted from the literature of the responsa; and (2)...
ABRAHAM BEN DAVID PROVENÇAL – Italian Talmudist of the sixteenth century. He was a member of an illustrious family of Italian rabbis who came originally from Provence in the south of France. Abraham officiated as rabbi in Casale-Monferrato and in Mantua,...
ABRAHAM DOB BAER BEN SOLOMON – Rabbi in Orsha in the latter half of the eighteenth century. He wrote ("Abraham's Well"), containing Glosses on the First Part of the Code Shulḥan 'Aruk, Yoreh De'ah, Shklov. 1783. D.
ABRAHAM BEN ELIJAH OF WILNA – Russian Talmudist and author; born in Wilna about 1750; died there Dec. 14, 1808. The son of Elijah, the gaon of Wilna, a prominent Talmudist, he was educated under the supervision of his father, who was opposed to the fanciful...
ABRAHAM BEN ISAAC BEN JEHIEL OF PISA – Grandson of the famous philanthropist, Jehiel of Pisa, whose charity did much to alleviate the sufferings of the Spanish exiles in 1492. Abraham was a worthy member of that distinguished family. He died, according to the report...
ABRAHAM BEN JUDAH BERLIN – German rabbi; died at Amsterdam March 13, 1730; son of the famous court Jew, Jost Liebman, and disciple of Isaiah Horowitz, the second of that name at Posen. He was rabbi in Halberstadt in 1692 (Auerbach, "Geschichte der...
ABRAHAM BEN SHABBETHAI COHEN OF ZANTE – Physician and poet; born in Crete in 1670; died in 1729. He must have removed at an early period to Zante. He studied under Hezekiah Manoah Provençal, a physician of Verona. He was the author of a poetical paraphrase of the...
ABRAHAM IBN SHOSHAN – Well-known philanthropist and financier; member of the famous Spanish family, to which the Sassoons trace their descent. He lived in Spain (most likely at Toledo) in the fourteenth century. He is mentioned several times in the...
ADLER, NATHAN – German cabalist; born at Frankfort-on-the-Main, Dec. 16, 1741; died there Sept. 17, 1800. As a precocious child he won the admiration of Ḥayyim Joseph David Azulai, who, in 1752, came to Frankfort to solicit contributions for...
AḤARONIM – A technical term used in later rabbinical literature generally to indicate authorities who are contemporaries of the person quoting them or who belong to the generation immediately preceding him. It is especially applied to the...
AHLWARDT, HERMANN – One of the most notorious of anti-Semitic agitators; born December 21, 1846, at Krien, near Anklam, in the province of Pomerania, Prussia. After having filled various positions as a teacher he was in 1881 appointed rector...
AHRWEILER, MATTITHIAH – German rabbi; born about 1650 at Frankfort-on-the-Main; died at Heidelberg, September 19, 1728. At the time of his birth his father, Herz, was dayyan. Mattithiah officiated as rabbi at Bingen (Jacob Popper, "Responsa," ii., No....
AKIBA BEN JUDAH LOEB – A German rabbi, who lived at Lehren-Steinsfeld, Württemberg, in the beginning of the eighteenth century. He wrote "Ha-Ohel'Olam" (Everlasting Tent), containing novellæ on the Talmudic treatise Ketubot (Frankfort-on-the-Main,...
AKIBA TRANI B. ELIJAH OF METZ – Glossarist who lived in the eighteenth century. A collection of his casuistic glosses to the Talmudic treatises Zebaḥim and Menaḥot, still extant, was published in Metz, 1767, under the title "Ma'yan Ganim" (The Fountain of...
ALEXANDERSOHN, JONATHAN – German rabbi; born at Grätz, in Posen, about the beginning of the nineteenth century; died at Altofen (Old Buda), Hungary, Nov. 24, 1869. About 1830 he was rabbi in Schwerin-on-the-Warthe, whence he removed to Hungary. Here Götz...