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Emil G. Hirsch, Ph.D., LL.D.

Rabbi, Sinai Congregation; Professor of Rabbinical Literature and Philosophy, University of Chicago; Chicago, Ill.

Contributions:
HANANIAH – 1. A son of Heman the singer, and chief of the sixteenth of the twenty-four musical divisions into which the Levites were divided by King David (I Chron. xxv. 4, 23). 2. One of the captains of King Uzziah's army (II Chron. xxvi....
HANES – City in Egypt (Isa. xxx. 4); identified by Jonathan b. Uzziel and by the modern critics with Tahpanhes or Taphne (see Cheyne and Black, "Encyc. Bibl." s.v.).E. G. H. M. Sel.
HANNAH – One of the two wives of El-kanah and mother of the prophet Samuel. The first chapter of I Samuel and the first half of the second are almost entirely devoted to her.Hannah was considered as a prophetess by Jonathan b. Uzziel. In...
HANNATHON – City of Zebulun, apparently on the northern boundary, about midway between the Sea of Galilee and the valley of Jiphthah-el (Josh. xix. 14).E. G. H. B. P.
HANNIEL – 1. Son of Ephod; prince of the tribe of Manasseh; appointed by God to assist Joshua in the division of the promised land (Num. xxxiv. 23). 2. Son of Ullah, of the tribe of Asher; a chief prince and a hero (I Chron. vii. 39).E....
HANOCH – 1. Third son of Midian, the son of Abraham by Keturah (Gen. xxv. 4; I Chron. i. 33). 2. Eldest son of Reuben and founder of the family of the Hanochites (Gen. xlvi. 9; Ex. vi. 14; Num. xxvi. 5; I Chron. v. 3). Compare Enoch.E....
HANUN – 1. Son of Nahash, King of Ammon. Having dishonored David's messengers, Hanun involved the Ammonites in a war with David which proved disastrous to them (II Sam. x. 1-14). 2. One who, with the people of Zanoah, repaired the...
HAPAX LEGOMENA – Biblical Data: Words or forms of words that occur once only. There are about 1,500 of these in the Old Testament; but only 400 are, strictly, "hapax legomena"; i.e., are either absolutely new coinages of roots, or can not be...
HAPHRAIM – City of Issachar, between Shunem and Shihon (Josh. xix. 18, 19). In the "Onomastica Sacra," s.v. "Aphraim," it is spoken of as still known under the name of "Affarea," six miles from Legio (Lajjun), to the north. About that...
HARA – District mentioned in I Chron. v. 26 as one of those to which Tiglath-pileser brought the Reubenites, Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh. Like the other places with which it is associated, Hara must have been situated in...
HARADAH – One of the stations of the Israelites during their wanderings in the desert (Num. xxxiii. 24, 25).E. G. H. M. Sel.
HARARITE – Epithet applied to some of David's heroes. Owing to the discrepancy which exists generally between the books of Samuel and the Chronicles, it is uncertain whether the appellation refers to two or to three men. In II Sam. xxiii....
HARBONA, HARBONAH – One of the seven eunuchs who served Ahasuerus and to whom the order was given to bring Queen Vashti before the king (Esth. i. 10). He suggested that Haman should be hanged on his own gallows (ib. vii. 9). According to R. Eleazar...
HARIPH – The children of Hariph, to the number of one hundred and twelve, returned from captivity with Zerubbabel (Neh. vii. 24). Hariph was one of the chiefs who sealed the covenant with Nehemiah (ib. x. 20). In the parallel list of...
HAROD – Name of a well beside which Gideon and his army encamped on the morning of the day which ended in the rout of the Midianites (Judges vii. 1), and where the test of the people by their mode of drinking apparently took place (ib....
HAROSHETH (HAROSHETH OF THE GENTILES) – City supposed to have stood near Hazor, in the northern part of Canaan, afterward known as Upper Galilee, or Galilee of the Gentiles. It was so called on account of the cosmopolitan character of its inhabitants. Harosheth was...
HARP AND LYRE – The ancient Hebrews had two stringed instruments, the "kinnor" ( ) and the "nebel" ( ). In the English versions of the Old Testament the former word is wrongly translated"harp." In both instruments the strings were set in...
HARSITH – One of the gates of Jerusalem, mentioned in Jer. xix. 2 (R. V.); it led into the Valley of Hinnom. The meaning of the name can not be ascertained. The Authorized Version gives "east gate," evidently connecting it with "ḥeres"...
HART – One of the clean animals enumerated in Deut. xiv. 5 (comp. xii. 15, 22; xv. 22), and among those provided for the table of Solomon (I Kings v. 3 [A. V. iv. 23]). It is certain that one of the Cervidœ is intended by "ayyal," but...
HARVEST – The Palestinian harvest began in April with the cutting (hence "ḳaẓir") of the barley. The lentil and pea ripened at the same time, and the reaping of the wheat and spelt followed two weeks later, although, of course, the time...
HASHABIAH – Name of several Levites, chiefly in the time of the return from Babylon. The most important are: 1. The fourth son of Jeduthun, appointed by David to play the harp under the direction of his father in the house of the Lord; he...
HASHMONAH – Thirtieth station of the Israelites during their wandering in the wilderness (Num. xxxiii. 29, 30). It was situated not far from Mount Hor. The Septuagint has Σελμωνά, evidently confusing it with the station Zalmonah, mentioned...
HASHUB – 1. Son of Pahath-moab, who assisted Nehemiah in the repair of the walls of Jerusalem (Neh. iii. 11). 2. Another Hashub, engaged in the same work (Neh. iii. 23). 3. One of the chiefs of the people, who sealed the covenant with...
HASHUM – 1. Chief of a family the members of which, two hundred and twenty-three in number, returned from captivity with Zerubbabel (Ezra ii. 19; comp. Neh. vii. 22). Seven of them had married foreign women, whom they had to put away...
HASSENAAH – The sons of Hassenaah rebuilt the fish-gate in the wall of Jerusalem (Neh. iii. 3). The name occurs twice (Ezra ii. 35 and Neh. vii. 38) without the definite article, while in Neh. xi. 9 (R. V.) and I Chron. ix. 7 (R. V.) it...