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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Frank Cramer, B.Sc.

New York City.

Contributions:
REE, JULIUS – Danish merchant and political author; born in Aarhuus, Jutland, June 1, 1817; died in Copenhagen Sept. 3, 1874; son of Hartvig Philip Ree. In 1842 he established a wholesale produce business in Randers, in which town he filled...
ROSENFELD, LEOPOLD – Danish composer; born in Copenhagen July 21, 1849. He was originally destined for a mercantile career, and spent six years in a counting-house; but his love for music manifested itself so markedly that his father allowed him to...
ROSSI, SOLOMON – Rabbi and composer; lived in Mantua during the latter part of the sixteenth and the beginning of the seventeenth century. He came from an old Mantua family in which the traditional belief had been preserved that its ancestors...
RUBIN, MARCUS – Danish statistician and author; born in Copenhagen March 5, 1854. He studied at the university of his native city (B.A. 1871), and then took up the study of national economy. In 1874 he passed the requisite examination and was...
RUBINSTEIN, JOSEF – Russian pianist and composer; born at Staro-Constantinov Feb. 8, 1847; died by his own hand at Lucerne Sept. 15, 1884. He was a pupil of Hellmesberger, Dachs, and Liszt, and a friend and ardent admirer of Wagner, from whose...
SALOMAN, SIEGFRIED – Danish violinist and composer; born in Tondern, Sleswick-Holstein, Oct. 2, 1816; died July 22, 1899, on the island of Dalarö, Sweden; brother of Geskel and Nota Saloman. He received instruction in violin-playing from Fröhlich,...
SALOMONSEN, CARL JULIUS – Danish bacteriologist; born at Copenhagen Dec. 6, 1847; son of Martin S. Salomonsen. He studied medicine at Copenhagen (M.D. 1871) and took a postgraduate course at Paris and Breslau. Returning to Denmark, he established himself...
SALOMONSEN, MARTIN – Danish physician; born in Copenhagen March 9, 1814; died there Dec. 21, 1889; father of Carl Julius Salomonsen. He graduated from the University of Copenhagen (Candidatus Medicinæ, 1838), and afterward took up the study of...
SAVANNAH – Important commercial city of Chatham county, Georgia; situated on the Savannah River. It was founded in 1733 by Gen. James Oglethorpe, and received its charter about half a century later (1789). It constituted the central point...
SCHAPIRO, HEINRICH – Russian physician; born at Grodno 1853; died at St. Petersburg Feb. 14, 1901. After leaving the gymnasium at Grodno he studied in the St. Petersburg medical academy (1871-76). During the Turko-Russian war Schapiro served as a...
SIESBY, GOTTLIEB – Danish poet and editor; born in Copenhagen May 4, 1803; died there Nov. 28, 1884; brother of Oskar Siesby. His first publication was a collection of poems entitled "Lyriske Forsóg," which appeared in Copenhagen in 1826.Later he...
SIESBY, OSKAR – Danish philologist; born in Ebeltoft, Jutland, July 19, 1833; brother of Gottlieb Siesby. He graduated from the University of Copenhagen (B.A. 1850), and then took up the study of philology, passing in 1856 the
SIMONSEN, DAVID JACOB – Danish rabbi and author; born in Copenhagen March 17, 1853. He studied at the Von Westenske Institut in his native city, at the same time receiving private instruction in Talmudics and Hebrew literature. In 1874 he was awarded a...
SIMONSEN, JOSEPH LEVIN – Danish jurist; born in Copenhagen Dec. 26, 1814; died there June 21, 1886. He was graduated from the University of Copenhagen (Candidatus Juris) in 1837, and in 1851 was admitted to the bar of the superior court. He soon...
TRIER, ERNST JOHANNES – Danish educator; born in Copenhagen Jan. 23, 1837; died at Vallekilde Dec. 29, 1893. He was graduated from the University of Copenhagen (B.D. 1863), officiated for some time as teacher at Blaagaards Seminary, and took part in...
TRIER, FREDERIK JACOB – Danish physician; born in Copenhagen June 14, 1831; died there May 17, 1898. He studied at the Metropolitan School and at the University of Copenhagen (M. D. 1860). In the following year he published several clinical essays (of...
TRIER, HERMAN – Danish educator, writer, and politician; born in Copenhagen May 10, 1845. He received his early education at the Von Westenske Institut, later attending the University of Copenhagen, where he studied jurisprudence for a few...
TRIER, SALOMON MEYER – Danish pharmacist; born in Copenhagen in 1804; died there in Dec., 1888. He was graduated from the Copenhagen College of Pharmacy in 1826, and was from 1830 to 1856 the owner of a pharmacy in Lyngby, Zealand. From 1844 to 1866...
TRIER, SELIGMANN MEYER – Danish physician; born in Copenhagen June 7, 1800; died there Dec. 20, 1863. He was the son of poor parents, who destined him for a mercantile career. His unusual brightness, however, attracted the attention of the family's...
ULMANN, BENJAMIN – French historical painter; born at Blotzheim, Alsace, May 24, 1829; died at Paris Feb. 24, 1884. He studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts under Drölling and Picot, and in 1859 won the Prix de Rome.Of his paintings may be...
VEIT, JOHANNES – German painter; born in Berlin 1790; died at Rome 1854. He studied at Vienna and at Rome, where he especially took Vanucci for his model. Together with his brother Philipp Veit he joined the neo-German school, but distinguished...
VEIT, PHILIPP – German portrait- and genre-painter; born Feb. 13, 1793, in Berlin; died Dec. 18, 1877, at Mayence. His father died while he was a child; and his mother, who was a daughter of Moses Mendelssohn, married Friedrich von Schlegel,...
VERVEER, ELCHANAN – Dutch painter and vignette-engraver; born at The Hague April 19, 1826. He received instruction from his brother Samuel L. Verveer, and from H. F. C. Ten Kate. In 1845 he went to Brussels, where he engraved the vignette...
VERVEER, SAMUEL LEONARDUS – Dutch landscape- and genre-painter; born at The Hague Nov. 30, 1813; died there Jan. 5, 1876. He was a pupil of B. J. van den Hove. Verveer traveled a great deal, visiting especially the art galleries of French cities; but the...
WIENER, JACQUES – Belgian engraver; born at Hoorstgen, Rhine Province, 1815; died at Brussels Nov. 3, 1899. When thirteen years of age he was sent to Aix-la-Chapelle to be instructed in drawing, modeling, and engraving by his uncle Baruch, who...