JewishEncyclopedia.com

The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
- Phrase search: "names of god"
- Exclude terms: "names of god" -zerah
- Volume/Page: v9 p419
- Diacritics optional: Ḥanukkah or hanukkah
- Search by Author: altruism author:Hirsch
search tips & recommendations

Richard Gottheil, Ph.D.

Professor of Semitic Languages, Columbia University, New York; Chief of the Oriental Department, New York Public Library; New York City.

Contributions:
BEḲIIN – A small town in Palestine, between Jabneh and Lydda. It is mentioned as the seat of a Talmudical school founded by R. Joshua ben Hananiah during the reign of Gamaliel II. (Bab. Sanh. 32b; Yer. Ḥag. i. 75d; Tosef., Soṭah, vii....
BELGIUM – One of the smaller states of western Europe. Under the Romans it formed one of the six provinces of ancient Gaul and bore the name "Gallia Belgica" (Gibbon, "Decline and Fall," vol. i. ch. i).Early Settlement. There are no...
BELIAS (BELIASH) – Envoy from Morocco in 1608. He delivered to Maurice of Nassau, governor-general of the Netherlands, credentials from Muley Zaidan, sherif of Morocco, testifying Belias to be "ministrum Regiæ nostræ sublimis, qui negotiis ejus...
BELID, SON OF ALÈGRE – Prominent French Jew; lived in Toulouse at the beginning of the thirteenth century. His name figures in many deeds of conveyance with the title "Dominus," which implies a superior rank. On several occasions his wife, termed...
BELILLA, DAVID – One of the leading Jews in Cranganore, sixteen miles north of Cochin, southern India, about the middle of the sixteenth century. Together with Samuel Castiel, Ephraim Salaḥ, and Joseph Levi, he built a synagogue in Cranganore...
BELMONT – Jewish family in Alzey, Rhein-Hessen. It traces its origin to Isaac Simon, who at the end of the eighteenth century took the family name of Belmont. His father, Ephraim Simon (d. 1742), was the son of Joseph Jessel, "Vorsteher...
BELMONT, AUGUST – American financier; born in Alzey, Germany, in 1816; died in New York city, Nov. 24, 1890. He was educated at Frankfort-on-the-Main, and, after serving several years in the Rothschild banking offices in that city and at Naples,...
BELMONTE – Portuguese Dutch Marano family, which traced its descent from Don Iago y Sampayo, to whom in 1519 King Manuel of Portugal gave the city of Belmonte, allowing him to take the name of the city and to transmit it to his posterity....
BELMONTE, B. E. COLAÇO – Lawyer and writer in Surinam, Dutch West Indies, about the middle of the eighteenth century. He published "Over de Hervorming van het Regeringostelsel in Nederlandsch West-Indië" (Leyden, 1857); "Werkzaamheden der Surinamsche...
BELMONTE, BENVENIDA COHEN – Poetess; lived in London at the beginning of the eighteenth century. She was a sister of the Mæcenas Mordecai Nuñez Almeyda, and was among those who sang the praise of Lopez Laguna's "Espejo Fiel de Vidas" (London, 1720). She...
BELMONTE, FRANCISCO DE XIMENES – Dutch diplomat; lived at Amsterdam during the first half of the eighteenth century. He was a nephew of Baron Manuel de Belmonte, whom he succeeded in 1706 as resident of the king of Spain in the Netherlands. The office of...
BELMONTE, ISAAC NUÑEZ – One of the most prominent of Oriental casuists; son of Moses Nuñez Belmonte; lived in Smyrna at the end of the eighteenth century, and at the beginning of the nineteenth. He published a commentary upon the first and second parts...
BELMONTE, ISAAC NUÑEZ (Don Manuel de) – Dutch statesman; born in Amsterdam; died there in 1704. He was not a son of Jacob Belmonte who came from Madeira in 1614, as no mention is made of a son Isaac in the records of the Portuguese community at Amsterdam. From the...
BELMONTE, JACOB ISRAEL – One of the founders of the Portuguese-Jewish community of Amsterdam, his colleagues being Jacob Tirado and Solomon Palache; born on the island of Madeira in 1570; died at Amsterdam Dec. 4, 1629. He married Simḥah (Gimar) Vaz,...
BELMONTE, MOSES – Poet and translator; eighth child of Jacob Belmonte; born 1619; died at Amsterdam May 29, 1647. He was a pupil of Saul Morteira, whose sermons ("Gib'at Sha'ul," 1645) he edited together with Benjamin Diaz. His poem "Argumenta...
BELMONTE, MOSES BEN JOSEPH – Writer in Amsterdam during the first half of the eighteenth century. He was the author of a poem in Hebrew prefixed to the edition of the Pentateuch and Hafṭarot published by S. Rodrigues Mendes (Amsterdam, 1726), and of...
BELMONTE, SOLOMON ABENDANA – Jurist; born in Hamburg 1843; died there March 19, 1888. He was educated at the Johanneum and the gymnasium in that city; then studied law at the universities of Berlin, Heidelberg, and Göttingen; and practised as an advocate in...
BELORADO – A city in the Spanish province of Burgos, which had Jewish inhabitants as early as the end of the eleventh century. The fuero, or charter of the city, granted by Alonzo el Batallador in 1116, and confirmed two hundred years...
BELOVAR – Town in Croatia, Austria. The Jewish community of Belovar was founded about 1877, when some fifty Jewish families settled there.While in Belovar, Moritz Grünwald published there the "Jüdisch-Literarisches Centralblatt." The...
BELTESHAZZAR – The name given to Daniel by the chief of the eunuchs (Dan. i. 7). The writer of the Book of Daniel sees in the first syllable the god Bel, but it is more probable that the name is to be explained as the Babylonian "balaṭsu [or...
BELTRAN, DIEGO DE HIDALGO – Poet; Spanish Marano of the seventeenth century; son of a Jew from Murcia. He was noted as an editor and commentator of Spanish popular poetry. The following charming example of the redondilla (roundelay) is from his pen:"O...
BEN-AMMI – Son of Lot, and ancestor of the Ammonites (Gen. xix. 38).G. G. B. L.
BEN CHANANJA – 1. A periodical published by Leopold Löw at Leipsic in 1844 with the subtitle "Blätter für Israelitisch-Ungarische Angelegenheiten." It was an octavo containing sixty-four pages, including four introductory ones.2. A periodical...
BENCEMERO – Mediator, in 1526, between the Moors and the governor of Saffee and Azamor, employed by the Portuguese. He lived at Azamor on the west coast of Africa. Abraham Cazan (Ḥazan), the most prominent Jew of that city, was also...
BENCEMERO, ISAAC – Relative of Abraham Bencemero of Azamor, the deliverer of Nuno Fernandes d'Atayde, commander-in-chief of Saffee. When in 1511 this latter city was besieged and surrounded by an army of more than 100,000 men and Atayde was...