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Richard Gottheil, Ph.D.

Professor of Semitic Languages, Columbia University, New York; Chief of the Oriental Department, New York Public Library; New York City.

Contributions:
IBN MATḲAH, JUDAH BEN SOLOMON HA-KOHEN – Spanish philosopher, astronomer, and mathematician; born at Toledo in 1215. On his mother's side he was the grandson of Ziza ibn Shushan. Although Ibn Matḳah was a pupil of Meïr Abulafia, an anti-Maimonist, and was greatly...
IBN MIGAS, ABRAHAM BEN ISAAC HA-LEVI – Spanish physician and rabbinical scholar; lived at Constantinople in the sixteenth century. He was court physician to Sulaiman the Great, and followed the latter's army into Syria. Several years after his return to...
IBN MIGAS, JOSEPH – Spanish Jew of the eleventh century; ancestor of an important family of scholars. Joseph ibn Migas, greatly respected among the Jews of Granada, where he was probably born, became involved in Granada politics when, after the...
IBN MIGAS, JOSEPH (JEHOSEF) BEN MEÏR HA-LEVI – Spanish rabbi and head of a school in Lucena; born 1077; died in Lucena 1141. His birthplace was probably Seville, where his father, Meïr ha-Levi ibn Migas, and his grandfather, Joseph ha-Levi ibn Migas, had lived after the...
IBN MIGAS, MEÏR – Spanish rabbi, and president of the bet ha-midrash of Seville; flourished in the eleventh century. He was the son of Joseph ibn Migas and the father of Joseph ibn Migas ben Meïr ha Levi. Late in life he was compelled to leave...
IBN MUHAJAR, AHUB BEN MEÏR HANASI IBN V06p538003.jpg – Spanish-Arabian poet of the twelfth century; probably a brother of the poet Joseph ben Meïr and of Abraham b. Meïr ibn Muhajar. In the earlier sources he is called either "Ahub" or "Oheb"; and it is difficult to say which is...
IBN NUÑEZ, JACOB – Physician to King Henry IV. of Castile and his chief judge ("juez mayor"); also rabbi, as he calls himself. In 1474 hewas commissioned by the king to apportion at Segovia the taxes which the "aljamas" of the Jews in all the...
IBN PULGAR, ISAAC BEN JOSEPH – Spanish philosopher, poet, and controversialist; flourished in the first half of the fourteenth century. Where he lived is not known, for though "Avilla" is given at the end of his translation of Al-Ghazali's "Maḳaṣid," the...
IBN SAHL, ABU OMAR JOSEPH BEN JACOB – Poet and scientist; died at Cordova 1124. He was a pupil of Isaac ibn Ghayyat, was rabbi at Cordova for nine years, and was distinguished for both learning and piety. Joseph ibn Sahl, who must not be confounded with the poet...
IBN SHAPRUT (SHAFRUT) – Spanish philosopher, physician, and polemic; born at Tudela in the middle of the fourteenth century; often confused with the physician Shem-Ṭob ben Isaac of Tortosa, who lived one hundred and fifty years later. While still a...
IBN SHEM-ṬOB, ISAAC – Philosophical commentator of the fifteenth century; younger brother of Joseph ibn Shem-Ṭob, and a follower of Maimonides. Isaac sided with his brother against their father, Shem-Ṭob ibn Shem-Ṭob, who, in his "Sefer ha-Emunot,"...
IBN VERGA, SOLOMON – Spanish historian and physician; lived in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. His relationship to Judah ibn Verga can not be determined; it is certain, however, that he was not the son of the latter, for he never refers to...
IBN VERGA, SOLOMON – Spanish historian and physician; lived in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. His relationship to Judah ibn Verga can not be determined; it is certain, however, that he was not the son of the latter, for he never refers to...
IBN SHU'AIB, BISHR (BASHAR) BEN PHINEHAS – Oriental mathematician; lived at the end of the tenth century. According to Hottinger ("Promptuarium," p. 96), the Arabic works of Ibn Shu'aib are often quoted by Arabic writers. In 997 the Jacobite Abu 'Ali 'Isa ibn Zara'ah...
IBN TIBBON – Family of translators that lived principally in southern France in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. On the name "Tibbon" see Steinschneider in "J. Q. R." xi. 621. The more important members of the family were:Abraham ibn...
IBN VERGA, JOSEPH – Turkish rabbi and historian; lived at Adrianople at the beginning of the sixteenth century; son of Solomon ibn Verga, author of "Shebeṭ Yehudah," who emigrated from Spain to Turkey as a Marano. Joseph was a pupil of Joseph Fasi,...
IBN VERGA, JUDAH – Spanish historian, cabalist, perhaps also mathematician, and astronomer, of the fifteenth century; born at Seville; martyred at Lisbon. He is supposed to have been the grandfather (by Carmoly, "Revue Orientale," ii. 98, the...
IBN VIVES (VIVAS), ḤAYYIM – Spanish translator; translated from Arabic into Hebrew for David ibn Bilia the farewell letter of Ibn al-Ṣa'igh to 'Ali ben 'Abd al-'Aziz ibn al-Imam of Granada. 'Ali was Ibn al-Ṣa'igh's pupil and the collector of his works...
IBN VIVES, JUAN – Grandson of one of the richest Jews of Valencia, and one of the most influential and respected of the citizens of that city. In 1510, at an auto da fé held in Valencia, he was condemned for Judaizing, and his houses, which were...
IBN VIVES AL-LORQUI (OF LORCA), JOSEPH BEN JOSHUA – Spanish physician; died before 1372; father of Joshua ben Joseph ibn Vives al-Lorqui. He revised Tibbon's translation of Moses Maimonides' "Millot Higgayon" and dedicated the revision to his pupil Ezra ben Solomon ibn Gatigno....
IBN VIVES AL-LORQUI (OF LORCA), JOSEPH BEN JOSHUA – Spanish physician; died before 1408; son of Joshua ibn Vives al-Lorqui. He translated from Arabic into Hebrew various books of the short canon of Avicenna, and added to the translation a commentary which was used by ShemṬob...
IBN VIVES AL-LORQUI (OF LORCA), JOSHUA BEN JOSEPH – Spanish physician; lived about 1400 in Alcañiz. In 1408, at the command of the rich and influential Benveniste ben Solomon b. Labi, he wrote a work in Arabic on the value and effects of various foodstuffs and of simple and...
IBN VIVES AL-LORQUI (OF LORCA), JOSHUA BEN JOSEPH – His Works. Spanish physician, anti-Semitic writer, and propagandist. As a Jew his name was Joshua ha-Lorki (from the name of his birthplace, Lorca, near Murcia), although it is hardly correct to identify him with the author of...
IBN WAḲAR, JOSEPH BEN ABRAHAM – Spanish cabalist and Talmudist; lived at Toledo in the fourteenth century. Moses Narboni, who began his commentary on the "Moreh" at Toledo in 1355, speaks of a discussion he had there with Ibn Waḳar (Commentary on the "Moreh,"...
IBN WAḲAR (WAḲḲAR, HUACAR, HUCAR, V06p553001.jpg), JUDAH BEN ISAAC OF CORDOVA – Tax-collector for, and representative and traveling companion (about 1320) of, the infante Don Juan Manuel; the author of "Conde Lucanor." He was a very pious man, an admirer of R. Jehiel b. Asher of Toledo, and punished...