The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Isaac A. Hourwich, Ph.D.

Expert Special Agent of the Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce and Labor, Washington, D. C.

SOCIALISM – Theory of civil polity which advocates public collective ownership, production, and distribution. Jews have been prominently identified with the modern Socialist movement from its very inception. The small circle of the first...
TRADE-UNIONISM – In Diamond and Cigar Trades. —In England: Excepting in Holland, the creation of a Jewish proletariat has everywhere followed immigration from the east-European centers, where the massing of population gradually led to the...