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Isaac Broydé,

(Office Editor), Doctor of the University of Paris, France; formerly Librarian of the Alliance Israélite Universelle, Paris, France; New York City.

Contributions:
HILLEL OF ERFURT – Talmudic authority; lived at Erfurt in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries; a contemporary of Shalom of Neustadt, and a pupil of Meïr ben Baruch Faleri. According to A. Brüll, Hillel is identical with one "Hiller" who figures...
HITI, AL- – Karaite chronicler; flourished (probably in Egypt) in the first half of the fifteenth century. He was a native of Hit (whence his surname), on the Euphrates, about thirty leagues to the west of Bagdad. He is supposed by...
ḤIYYA BAR ABBA – Palestinian tanna; born about the middle of the second century, at Kafri, near Sura in Babylonia; pupil of Judah I., and uncle and teacher of Rab. He was a descendant of a family which claimed to trace its origin from Shimei,...
ḤIYYA BAR ADDA – Palestinian amora of the first half of the third century; son of the sister of Bar Ḳappara; pupil of Simeon ben Laḳish. His name is connected with several halakot (Yer. Hor. iii. 5), and he handed down a number of halakic...
ḤIYYA AL-DAUDI – Liturgical poet; died in Castile in 1154; descendant of the Babylonian nasi Hezekiah. Many seliḥot bearing the signature of Ḥiyya (though whether all are by the subject of this article is uncertain) are found in the Maḥzors of...
HOLOFERNES, HOLOPHERNES – General of Nebuchadnezzar, mentioned in the apocryphal Book of Judith; killed at Bethulia (Judith xiii. 6-8). The name is evidently of Persian origin, similar information to "Artaphernes," "Dataphernes," "Tissaphernes," the last...
HOROWITZ, AARON BEN JACOB HALEVI – Russian Talmudist; lived in the second half of the seventeenth century; son-in-law of Joseph ben Löb, rabbi of Minsk. He revised David ben Samuel's commentary to Rashi on the Pentateuch, published at Dyhernfurth in 1689 under...
HORWITZ, ẒEBI HIRSCH BEN PHINEHAS – Rabbi at Frankfort-on-the-Main; died thereSept. 8, 1817. He succeeded his father in the rabbinate of Frankfort in 1805. He was the author of the following works: "Maḥaneh Lewi," halakic novellœ, Offenbach, 1801; "Laḥme Todah,"...
HOURWITZ, ZALKIND – Polish scholar; born at Lublin, Poland, about 1740; died at Paris in 1812. Endowed with great ability and thirsting for learning, he left his native country when a youth, lived for a time in Berlin (where he associated with...
HUNA BAR ABBIN HA-KOHEN – Palestinian amora of the first half of the fourth century; pupil of R. Jeremiah, in whose name he reports some halakic and haggadic sayings (Yer. Dem. 21d; Pes. 36d; and frequently). That the name "Neḥunya," from which are...
HURWITZ, LAZAR LIPMAN – Russian scholar; born 1815; died at Wilna Oct. 21, 1852. He acted for many years as private instructor at Wilna, and then became teacher in a public school at Riga. Later he was appointed by the government head master in the...
HYRCANUS – Collector of the royal revenues in Egypt; born in Jerusalem about 220 B.C.; died in 175; youngest son of the tax-farmer Joseph ben Tobiah by his second wife, the daughter of his brother Solymius. Displaying from his childhood...
HYRCANUS II. – High priest from about 79 to 40 B.C.; eldest son of Alexander Jannæus and Alexandra. His mother, who had installed him in the office of high priest, named him as her successor to the throne. He had scarcely reigned three months...
IBN ALFANGE – Spanish author; flourished in the eleventh century. Nothing is known of his life except that he embraced Christianity in 1094 and filled the position of "official" under the famous hero Cid Campeador (Rodrigo, or Ruy Diaz de...
IBN BARUN, ABU IBRAHIM ISḤAḲ – Spanish grammarian; lived in the eleventh and twelfth centuries, probably at Barcelona. He was a pupil of the grammarian Levi ibn Tabban of Saragossa (author of the "Mafteaḥ"), and a contemporary of Judah ha-Levi and Moses ibn...
IBN BILIA, DAVID BEN YOM-ṬOB – Portuguese philosopher; lived in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. Steinschneider believes him to have been the father of the astronomer Jacob Poel. Ibn Bilia was the author of many works, the greater part of which, no...
IBN DANAN, SAADIA BEN MAIMUN BEN MOSES – Lexicographer, philosopher, and poet; flourished at Granada in the second half of the fifteenth century. He exercised the function of dayyan at Granada and enjoyed a great reputation as Talmudist. When the Jews were banished...
IBN EZRA, JOSEPH BEN ISAAC – Oriental rabbi of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries; descendant of the Ibn Ezra family of Spain. Brought up in Salonica, he studied under the direction of Samuel di Modena, and became head of the Talmudic school there;...
IBN EZRA, MOSES BEN JACOB HA-SALLAḤ (ABU HARUN MUSA) – Spanish philosopher, linguist, and poet; born at Granada about 1070; (died after 1138; relative of Abraham ibn Ezra and pupil of Isaacibn Ghayyat. The surname "ha-Sallaḥ" is generally believed to have been given him on account...
IBN ḤUSAIN (ABU SULAIMAN) DAUD – Karaite liturgical poet; flourished in the first half of the tenth century. He compiled a prayer-book for the Karaites, entitled "Tefillat Bene Miḳra," in which he inserted many poems and prayers composed by himself. The prayers...
IBN KILLIS, YA'ḲUB BEN YUSUF (ABU AL-FARAJ) – Vizier to the calif of Egypt, Al-'Aziz Nizar; born at Bagdad 930; died at Cairo 990-991. His parents were Jews; and he himself professed the Jewish religion during the first half of his life. His biographers relate that he...
IBN SHU'AIB, JOEL – Rabbi, preacher, and commentator of the fifteenth century; born in Aragon; lived also at Tudela. He wrote: "'Olat Shabbat," sermons, in the order of the Sabbatical sections, written in 1469 (Venice, 1577); a commentary on...
IBN TIBBON – Family of translators that lived principally in southern France in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. On the name "Tibbon" see Steinschneider in "J. Q. R." xi. 621. The more important members of the family were:Abraham ibn...
IBN YAḤYA, JOSEPH BEN DAVID – Italian exegete and philosopher; born at Florence 1494; died at Imola 1539. His parents were Spanish exiles who had lived for a time in Florence and had then settled in Imola. His son Gedaliah, author of "Shalshelet...
IBN ZABARRA, JUDAH – Poet and theologian; flourished in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries; probably a native of Spain, where the surname of "Zabara" was borne by several scholars. He was the pupil of Aaron ha-Levi (d. 1293-94) and of Meïr...