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Isaac Broydé,

(Office Editor), Doctor of the University of Paris, France; formerly Librarian of the Alliance Israélite Universelle, Paris, France; New York City.

Contributions:
ILLESCOS, JACOB DI – Bible commentator, probably of Italian origin; lived in the fourteenth century. He was the author of "Imre No'am," an allegorical, cabalistic, and grammatical commentary on the Pentateuch, with explanatory notes on the obscure...
INCEST – Biblical Data: Marriage or carnal commerce between persons of a close degree of consanguinity. Even in modern times the connotation of "incestuous" is not the same in all countries. Among primitive and barbarous races there is a...
INNOCENT III. (LOTHARIO CONTI) – Pope from 1198 to 1216; born at Anagni in 1161; elected June 8, 1198; died July 17, 1216. A Roman writer said of him, "Thy words are the words of God; thy deeds are the deeds of the devil" (Gregorovius, "Gesch. der Stadt Rom,"...
INNOCENT XI. (BENEDETTO ODESCALCHI) – Pope from 1676 to 1689; born at Como in 1611; elected Sept. 21, 1676; died Aug. 12, 1689. That the Jews were not excluded from the results of his keen sense of justice is evidenced in his compelling the city of Venice to release...
ISAAC – Biblical Data: Second patriarch; son of Abraham and Sarah. He was the child of a miracle, for at the time of his birth his mother, hitherto childless, was ninety years old, and his father a hundred. By the command of God the...
ISAAC BEN ABRAHAM ANCONA AL- ḲUSṬANṬINI – Italian Talmudist; lived at Ancona in the first half of the eighteenth century. He carried on a scientific correspondence with Isaac Lampronti, who frequently mentions him in his "Paḥad Yiẓḥaḳ."Bibliography: Mortara, Indice, p....
ISAAC BEN ABRAHAM HA-GORNI – Provençal poet; lived at Luc in the second half of the thirteenth century. He is known in Hebrew literature under the surname of "Gorni," which, as Steinschneider first pointed out, is the Hebrew equivalent of "Aire" (= ). Isaac...
ISAAC BEN ABRAHAM OF NEUSTADT – Dutch cabalist; lived at Amsterdam in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. He was an assistant rabbi at Amsterdam, where he devoted himself to the editing of cabalistic works. In 1701 he published, from a manuscript he had...
ISAAC BEN ASHER HA-LEVI (RIBA) – Tosafist; lived at Speyer in the eleventh century; son-in-law of Eliakim ben Meshullam and pupil of Rashi. His are the earliest known tosafot, and are mentioned, under the name of "Tosafot Riba," in the "Temim De'im," in the...
ISAAC BEN ELIEZER HA-LEVI – Spanish grammarian of the fourteenth century. He was the author of "Sefer ha-Riḳmah," a grammatical treatise still extant in manuscript (Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Hebr. MSS., Ancien Fonds, No. 510). As stated in the...
ISAAC BEN ḤAYYIM BEN ABRAHAM HA-KOHEN – Italian exegete; lived successively at Bologna, Jesi, Recanati, and Rome, in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. He was the author of the following works: (1) a commentary on the Song of Songs, on Lamentations, and on the...
ISAAC (EISAK) BEN JACOB ḤABER – Rabbi at Tikotzyn and Suwalki, Poland; lived in the first half of the nineteenth century. He wrote: "Bet Yiẓḥaḳ," a ritualistic work, the first part of which bore the title "Sha'ar ha-Ḳabua'," the second, "Sha'ar ha-Sefeḳut"...
ISAAC JOSHUA BEN IMMANUEL DE LATTES – Italian Talmudist and publisher: born at Rome at the end of the fifteenth century: died at Ferrara about 1570. He was the grandson of thewell-known physician and astronomer Immanuel Boneto. Isaac occupied, about 1530, the...
ISAAC BEN JUDAH – Talmudist of the twelfth century; teacher of Solomon ben Isaac (Rashi). He was a native of Lorraine ("Ha-Pardes," 35a), but settled early in life in Germany, where he studied under Eleazar ha-Gadol. Isaac occupied successively...
ISAAC BEN JUDAH HA-LEVI – French exegete and tosafist; lived at Sens, probably, in the second half of the thirteenth century. He was the pupil of Ḥayyim of Falaise, whom Gross identifies with Ḥayyim Paltiel. Isaac compiled, under the title "Pa'aneaḥ...
ISAAC HA-KOHEN OF NARBONNE – French Talmudist; lived in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries; a disciple of Abraham ben David of Posquières. He was the author of a commentary, no longer extant, on various treatises of the Jerusalem Talmud. This commentary...
ISAAC LEON BEN ELIEZER IBN ẒUR SEFARDI – Rabbi at Ancona in the first half of the sixteenth century. He belonged to a Spanish family which settled in Italy after the expulsion of the Jews from Spain. Isaac was the author of "Megillat Ester," in which he defends the...
ISAAC NATHAN BEN KALONYMUS – French philosopher and controversialist; lived at Arles, perhaps at Avignon also, and in other places, in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. He belonged to the well-known Nathan family, which claimed its descent from David;...
ISAAC BEN NOAH COHEN SHAPIRA – Polish rabbi; lived in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries; grandson of Hirsh and teacher of Joel Sirkes. He received his Talmudical training in the yeshibah of Ḥayyim ben Samuel of Kremenetz, and after filling the position...
ISAAC BEN SHESHET BARFAT (RiBaSH) – Becomes Rabbi. Spanish Talmudic authority; born at Valencia in 1326; died at Algiers in 1408. He settled early in life at Barcelona, where he studied under Perez ha-Kohen, under Ḥasdai ben Judah, and especially under R. Nissim...
ISAAC IBN SID (ZAG; ÇAG) – Spanish astronomer; flourished at Toledo in the second half of the thirteenth century. From the surname "haḤazzan," given him by Isaac Israeli ("Yesod'Olam," iv. 30), it may be inferred that he was precentor at the synagogue....
ISAAC BEN SOLOMON – Liturgical poet; lived in Germany in the first half of the fourteenth century; author of the seliḥah "Ani hu ha-Geber," on the martyrs of the persecutions of 1337, which Isaac had witnessed. The signature to this seliḥah...
ISAAC BEN SOLOMON HA-KOHEN – Biblical commentator; lived at Constantinople in the middle of the sixteenth century. He was the author of a commentary on Job, published, with the text, at Constantinople in 1545. He wrote also a commentary on Pirḳe Abot, still...
ISAIAH – Biblical Data: The greatest of the Hebrew prophets of whom literary monuments remain. He resided at Jerusalem, and so contrasts with Micah, the prophet of the country districts. He was married (Isa. viii. 3), and had children...
ISE (ISI, JOSE) BEN JUDAH – Palestinian tanna of the second century; contemporary of Simeon ben Yoḥai and of R. Meïr. Bacher thinks it probable that Ise ben Judah is identical with both Jose the Babylonian and Jose of the "Babylonian village," of whom the...