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Isaac Broydé,

(Office Editor), Doctor of the University of Paris, France; formerly Librarian of the Alliance Israélite Universelle, Paris, France; New York City.

Contributions:
ISḤAḲ. IBN 'ALI IBN ISḤAḲ – Karaite scholar of the eleventh century. The "Chronicle" of Ibn al-Hiti contains a warm eulogy of the scholarly attainments of Isḥaḳ ibn 'Ali, and cites two works of his, one a polemic against Saadia in the style of the "Sefer...
ISRAEL – First "Hochmeister" (chief rabbi) of Germany; lived at the beginning of the fifteenth century. He was called to this office by a special edict of Rupert III., issued May 3, 1407. In this edict the emperor says that, in...
ISRAEL ISSER BEN ZE'EB WOLF – Russian rabbi; lived at Vinnitsa, Podolia, in the nineteenth century. He wrote: "Sha'ar Mishpaṭ," novellæ on Shulḥan 'Aruk, Ḥoshen Mishpaṭ, in two volumes, Königsberg, 1860; "Sha'ar De'ah," novellæ on the laws of interest in...
ISRAEL KOHEN BEN JOSEPH – Polish scholar; lived in the second half of the sixteenth century. He edited the anonymous philosophical work "She'elot 'Inyan ha-Neshamah," containing a dialogue between pupil and master on eighteen questions concerning the...
ISRAEL BEN MOSES HA-LEVI OF ZAMOSC – Galician scholar; born at Boberka at the beginning of the eighteenth century; died at Brody April, 1772. His father instructed him in Talmud and Hebrew literature; but Israel was more interested in philosophy and mathematics,...
ISRAELI, ISAAC BEN JOSEPH (the Younger) – Spanish astronomer; flourished at Toledo in the first half of the fourteenth century. He was a pupil of Asher ben Jehiel, at whose request (in 1310) he wrote the astronomical work "Yesod 'Olam," the best contribution on that...
ISRAELI, ISRAEL – Spanish scholar; died at Toledo 1326; probably identical with Israel ben Joseph of Toledo, brother of the astronomer Isaac Israeli. He was a pupil of Asheri, for whom he translated from the Arabic the ordinances ("taḳḳanot") of...
ITZE (ISAAC) OF CHERNIGOV – Russian scholar of the twelfth century, frequently consulted by his contemporaries on questions of Biblical exegesis. He is probably identical with Isaac of Russia, found in the English records of 1181. His explanation of the...
IZATES – Proselyte; King of Adiabene; son of Queen Helena and Monobaz I.; born in the year 1 of the common era; died in 55. While in Charan Spasinu, whither he had been sent by his father, a Jewish merchant named Ananias acquainted him...
JABEZ, BARZILLAI BEN BARUCH – Turkish Talmudist of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries; son-in-law of Elijah Ḥako, author of "Ruaḥ Eliyahu." Jabez was a Talmudist of considerable reputation, and had many pupils, among whom were his son-in-law Judah...
JABEZ, JOSEPH BEN ḤAYYIM – Spanish theologian of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. He lived for a time in Portugal, where he associated with Joseph Ḥayyun, who inspired him with that taste for mysticism which he subsequently displayed in his...
JACOB BEN ABRAHAM FAITUSI – Tunisian scholar; died at Algiers July, 1812. He settled in the later part of his life at Jerusalem, whence he was sent as a collector of alms to Italy and Algeria. He was the author of "Berit Ya'aḳob" (Leghorn, 1800), the...
JACOB BAR AḤA – 1. Palestinian amora of the third generation (latter part of the third century); contemporary of R. Ze'era. He rarely gives opinions of his own, but repeats halakot and homiletic remarks in the names of earlier authorities. In...
JACOB BEN HANANEEL SEKILI – Bible commentator and cabalist; lived in the fourteenth century. He was the author of "Minḥat ha-Bikkurim," the first part of which, "Torat ha-Minḥah," is still extant in manuscript (Neubauer, "Cat. Bodl. Hebr. MSS." Nos....
JACOB BEN ḤAYYIM BEN ISAAC IBN ADONIJAH – Masorite and printer; born about 1470 at Tunis (hence sometimes called Tunisi); died before 1538. He left his native country in consequence of the persecutions that broke out there at the beginning of the sixteenth century....
JACOB BEN ISRAEL HA-LEVI – Rabbi of Zante; died on that island in 1634. He was a native of Morea, Greece, and passed the earlier part of his life at Salonica, where he studied under the direction of Aaron Ḥaṣun. Later he was called to the rabbinate of...
JACOB BEN JOSEPH ISRAEL – French scholar; lived at Pont-Audemer in the twelfth century; pupil of Jacob Tam, with whom he carried on a correspondence ("Sefer ha-Yashar," pp. 77-78; Tos. to Ket. 98b), and of Samuel b. Meïr ("Teshubot Rabbane Ẓarfat," No....
JACOB BEN MOSES OF BAGNOLS – Provençal theologian of the second half of the fourteenth century; lived successively at Salon, Avignon, and Argon. He was the author of a casuistic and philosophical work, still extant in manuscript ("British Museum Cat." MS....
JACOB BEN NISSIM IBN SHAHIN – Philosopher; lived at Kairwan in the tenth century; younger contemporary of Saadia. At Jacob's request Sherira Gaon wrote a treatise entitled "Iggeret," on the redaction of the Mishnah. Jacob is credited with the authorship of...
JACOB BEN OBADIAH SFORNO – Italian scholar; lived at Venice in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. He was the author of a work entitled "Iggeret ha-Ṭe'amim," on the Hebrew accents (Venice, 1600). Steinschneider, however, believesthe work to be...
JACOB BEN REUBEN IBN ẒUR – Talmudist and rabbi of Fez; born in the latter part of the seventeenth century; died after 1750. That his reputation as a Talmudist stood high is apparent in the responsa ("Kerem Ḥemed," Leghorn, 1871) of Abraham Ankava, where...
JACOB BEN SHESHET GERONDI – Spanish cabalist of Gerona (whence his surname "Gerondi") in the thirteenth century. He was the author of "Sha'ar ha-Shamayim," a cabalistic essay published by M. Mortara in "Oẓar Neḥmad" (iii. 153 et seq.), and of "Meshib...
JACOB BEN ZABDA – Palestinian amora of the fourth generation (4th cent.); junior contemporary, and probably pupil, of Abbahu, in whose name he repeats several halakic decisions and homileticremarks (Yer. Dem. 23c; Pes. 29d; Pesiḳ, 75b; Sheb. iv....
JAGEL, GAMALIEL BEN HANANIAH, OF MONSELICE – Italian scholar; lived at Ferrara, later at Parma, in the seventeenth century. He filled the position of chief rabbi or head of the Talmudical schools of the province of Parma. Jagel was the author of "Sifte Renanim," a...
JAPHETH HA-LEVI – Karaite Bible translator and commentator; flourished at Jerusalem between 950 and 980. He was one of the most able Bible commentators among the Karaites, who distinguished him by the epithet "maskil ha-Golah" (= "teacher of the...