JewishEncyclopedia.com

The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
- Phrase search: "names of god"
- Exclude terms: "names of god" -zerah
- Volume/Page: v9 p419
- Diacritics optional: Ḥanukkah or hanukkah
- Search by Author: altruism author:Hirsch
search tips & recommendations

Isaac Broydé,

(Office Editor), Doctor of the University of Paris, France; formerly Librarian of the Alliance Israélite Universelle, Paris, France; New York City.

Contributions:
JASON – 1. High priest from 174 to 171 B.C.; brother of the high priest Onias III. During the absence of Onias, who had been summoned to Antioch to meet charges brought against him by the Hellenists, Jason joined hands with his...
JEDIDIAH BEN MOSES OF RECANATI – Italian scholar; flourished in the second half of the sixteenth century. At the request of Immanuel di Fano, Jedidiah translated, in 1580, the "Moreh Nebukim" into Italian, under the title "Erudizione di Confusi." Parts of this...
JEHIEL BEN ASHER – Liturgical poet; flourished in Andalusia in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. He was the author of four liturgical poems, mentioned by Zunz ("L. G. " p. 520), and of a dirge of twenty-five strophes on the persecution of...
JEHIEL BEN JOSEPH OF PARIS – Tosafist and controversialist; born at Meaux at the end of the twelfth century; died in Palestine in 1286. His French name was Sir Vives, and in rabbinical literature he is variously designated as Jehiel of Paris, Jehiel the...
JEHIEL MICHAEL BEN ELIEZER – Rabbi at Nemirov, Russia; murdered May, 1648. When the hordes of Chmielnicki, taking Nemirov, began the work of pillage and massacre, a Cossack concealed Jehiel, hoping that the latter would show him where the Jews had hidden...
JEHIEL MICHAEL BEN JUDAH LÖB – Rabbi of Berlin; died March, 1728. After filling the office of rabbi in several Polish communities he removed about 1701 to Berlin, where, with his brother-in-law Aaron, he was entrusted with the direction of the yeshibah...
JEHIEL OF PISA – Philanthropist and scholar of Pisa; died there Feb. 10, 1492. The wealth he had acquired in the banking business he spent liberally for charitable purposes. Himself a scholar, he extended his protection to Jewish learning....
JEKUTHIEL BEN SOLOMON – French physician; lived at Narbonne in the second half of the fourteenth century. In 1387 he translated into Hebrew, under the title "Shoshan ha-Refu'ah," the "Lilium Medicinæ" of Bernard of Gordon. The translation is extant in...
JELIN, ARYEH LÖB – Rabbi of Byelsk, government of Grodno, Russia; born 1820; died April 2, 1886. He was one of the most prominent Russian rabbis, to whom halakic matters were frequently referred for decision. He was the author of "Ḳol Aryeh" and...
JEROHAM BEN MESHULLAM – French Talmudist; flourished in the first half of the fourteenth century. According to Gross, he lived in Languedoc, but on the banishment of the Jews from that province (1306) he settled at Toledo, where he devoted himself to...
JESHUA BEN JUDAH – Karaite exegete and philosopher; flourished, probably at Jerusalem, in the second half of the eleventh century; pupil of Joseph ben Abraham ha-Ro'eh. Jeshua was considered one of the highest authorities among the Karaites, by...
JOAB BEN JEHIEL – Liturgical poet; lived at Rome in the fourteenth century. He belonged to the Beth-El family, and was the author of five piyyuṭim (inserted in the Roman Maḥzor) for Passover, having for their subject the Canticles, and piyyuṭim...
JOHN OF VALLADOLID – Jewish convert to Christianity; born 1335. An able speaker, and possessed of some knowledge of rabbinical literature, he persuaded King Henry of Castile that he could convince the Jews of the truth of Christianity if they were...
JONATHAN BEN JOSEPH – Lithuanian rabbi and astronomer; lived at Risenoi, government of Grodno, in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. In addition to his Talmudical acquirements Jonathan was proficient in astronomy and mathematics. In 1710 a...
JORDAN, THE – Principal river of Palestine, formed by the confluence of three streams rising respectively at (1) Baniyas (Paneas), (2) Tell al-Ḳaḍi (Dan), and (3) Ḥaṣbeyah (Baal Gad) at the foot of Mt. Hermon. The Jordan flows south through...
JOSE (ISI, ISSI) BEN AḲABYA (AKIBA) – Tanna of the beginning of the third century. The name "Issi" or "Assa" is derived from "Jose," and was borne by many tannaim and amoraim; hence the confusion that prevails in the Talmud concerning the identity of each of them,...
JOSE BEN JOEZER OF ZEREDAH – Rabbi of the early Maccabean period; possibly a disciple of Antigonus of Soko, though this is not certain. He belonged to a priestly family. With him and Jose ben Johanan of Jerusalem, his colleague, begins the period known in...
JOSE HA-KOHEN ("the Pious") – Tanna of the second generation; flourished in the first and second centuries; pupil of Johanan ben Zakkai. It is said of him that he never allowed any writing of his to remain in the hands of a heathen, lest he should carry it...
JOSE OF MAON – Popular preacher of the beginning of the third century; delivered his addresses in a synagogue at Tiberias which bore the name of the locality—"Maon" , whence probably his surname ( = "of Maon"). He is said to have been...
JOSEPH BEN ABRAHAM – Liturgical poet. Seven prayers bearing the name "Joseph ben Abraham" are found in the Siddur of Avignon. Zunz identifies this Joseph with Joseph of Monselice, whose seliḥah for the seventeenth of Tammuz is inserted in the ritual...
JOSEPH BEN ABRAHAM HA-KOHEN HA-RO'EH – His "Muḥtawi." Karaite philosopher and theologian; flourished in Babylonia or Persia in the first half of the eleventh century; teacher of Joshua ben Judah (Abu al-Faraj Furḳan ibn Asad). By way of euphemism he was surnamed...
JOSEPH BEN AḤMAD IBN ḤASDAI – Egyptian physician and medical writer; lived in Cairo at the beginning of the twelfth century. Although his biographer, Ibn Abi Uṣaibi'ah, does not affirm his Jewish descent, there is no doubt that Joseph belonged to the...
JOSEPH THE APOSTATE – Jewish convert to Christianity in the first half of the fourth century. He was one of the assessors of the rabbinical school of the patriarch Judah III. at Tiberias, and in this capacity was sent as delegate to the Jewish...
JOSEPH OF ARLES – French Talmudist and cabalist of the sixteenth century. A letter signed "Joseph " (= "of Arles") is found among the halakic decisions of Menahem Carmi, written in 1584 (Almanzi collection). Joseph is identical with Joseph , who,...
JOSEPH BEN BARUCH – Tosafist of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. Gross identifies him with Joseph of Clisson. Joseph resided for some time in Paris, where he associated with Judah Sir Leon and instructed Samuel of Falaise in special...