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Isaac Broydé,

(Office Editor), Doctor of the University of Paris, France; formerly Librarian of the Alliance Israélite Universelle, Paris, France; New York City.

Contributions:
JOSEPH BEN BERECHIAH – Rabbi of Kairwan and a pupil of Jacob bar Nissim; flourished in the tenth century. He carried on a scientific correspondence with Hai Gaon, whom he consulted on halakic decisions, among which was that on the Tetragrammaton...
JOSEPH BEN DAVID HEILBRONN OF ESCHAU – German Masorite; lived at The Hague in the eighteenth century. He was the author of "Sefer Mebin Ḥidot" (Amsterdam, 1765), an important work on the Masorah, with an appendix containing a reply to a criticism of Asher Worms....
JOSEPH BEN ELIMELECH OF TORBIN – Polish scholar of the seventeenth century. He was the author of "Ben Ẓiyyon" (Amsterdam, 1690), containing mnemonic terms for the precepts, formulas of headings of letters, explanations of the accent "zarḳa," ethical...
JOSEPH BEN ISAAC BEKOR SHOR OF ORLEANS – French tosafist, exegete, and poet; flourished in the second half of the twelfth century; pupil of Jacob Tam, Joseph Caro, and Samuel ben Meïr (Rashbam). The identity of Joseph Bekor Shor and the tosafist Joseph ben Isaac of...
JOSEPH BEN ISAAC HA-LEVI – Page from the First Edition of the Judæo-German "Yosippon," Zurich, 1546.(From the Sulzberger collection in the Jewish Theological Seminary of America, New York.)Lithuanian philosopher of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries....
JOSEPH BEN JACOB IBN ẒADDIḲ – Spanish rabbi, poet, and philosopher; died at Cordova 1149. A Talmudist of high repute, he was appointed in 1138 dayyan at Cordova, which office he held conjointly with Maimon, father of Maimonides, until his death. Joseph was...
JOSEPH BEN KALONYMUS HA-NAḲDAN – German Masorite and liturgical poet; flourished in the first half of the thirteenth century. He was the author of a long acrostic poem on the accents, with a commentary. Joseph composed also liturgical poems, among which were:...
JOSEPH BEN MEÏR – Liturgical poet of the thirteenth century; perhaps uncle of Meïr of Rothenburg. He was the author of a dirge beginning with the words , which is believed to have been written on the occasion of the burning of the Talmud at...
JOSEPH BEN NATHAN OFFICIAL – Controversies with Officials. French controversialist; lived, probably at Sens, in the thirteenth century. He was a descendant of Todros Nasi of Narbonne. His father held a public office to which Joseph probably succeeded;...
JOSEPH BEN NOAH HA-BAṢRI (Abu Ya'ḳub Yusuf ibn Nuḥ) – Karaite scholar of the eighth and ninth centuries; brother of Nissim ben Noah. He translated the Pentateuch into Arabic, with a commentary, an abridgment ("talkhiṣ") of which was made by Abu al-Faraj Harun, and excerpts from...
JOSEPH PORAT BEN MOSES – Tosafist of the thirteenth century. The surname "Porat" is an allusion to Gen. xlix. 22. According to Gross, Joseph Porat is identical with Joseph of Caen, who is cited by Samuel of Falaise as a rabbinical authority; but he can...
JOSEPH BEN SAMUEL HA-ḤAZZAN – Karaite ḥakam of Halicz, Galicia; died in 1700; pupil of R. Nissim. He was the author of the following works, none of which has been published: "Porat Yosef," on Hebrew grammar and on the excellence of the Hebrew language;...
JOSEPH SHALLIṬ BEN ELIEZER RICHETTI (RIQUETI) – Italian scholar; born at Safed, Palestine; lived in the second half of the seventeenth century at Verona, where he directed a Talmudical school. He was the author of "Ḥokmat ha-Mishkan" or "Iggeret Meleket ha-Mishkan" (Mantua,...
JOSEPH BEN SHESHET LATIMI – Spanish liturgical poet; lived at Lerida in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. In 1308 he wrote a prayer entitled "Elef Alfin" (comp. Dan. vii. 10), consisting of one thousand words, each word beginning with the letter א,...
JOSEPH BEN TOBIAH – Farmer of the Egyptian royal revenues from about 220 to 198 B.C.; nephew, on his mother's side, of the high priest Onias II.; founder of the Tobiade family, which held an important place in the politics of Judea until the...
JUAN RODRIGO DE CASTEL-BRANCO – Portuguese physician; born at Castel-Branco, Portugal, in 1511;died at Salonica in 1568. He was a descendant of a Marano family called Ḥabib (= Amatus), and was brought up in the Jewish faith. After having graduated with honors...
JUDAH ARYEH LÖB BEN JOSHUA HÖSCHEL – Rabbi at Slutsk, government of Minsk, Russia, in the middle of the eighteenth century. He was the author of "Torah Or" (Berlin, 1745), halakot concerning the reading and writing of the Law and the rudiments of Hebrew grammar....
JUDAH DE BLANIS – Italian physician; lived at Perugia in the middle of the sixteenth century. David de Pomis, in his "De Medico Hebræo," counts Judah among the most prominent Italian physicians. He was a diligent student of Cabala, and associated...
JUDAH OF CORBEIL – Tosafist of the thirteenth century. He wrote tosafot to a great number of Talmudical treatises, and is quoted in the "Kol Bo" (No. 87, on Berakot), in the Tosafot Yeshanim (on Yoma 14a), in the tosafot of Asheri (to Yeb. 14a;...
JUDAH HA-DARSHAN BEN MOSES – French Bible commentator; lived at Toulouse in the first half of the eleventh century. He is often quoted by Rashi in his commentary on the Pentateuch, and is twice mentioned in a commentary on the Maḥzor (Cod. Munich, No. 346)...
JUDAH BEN ELIJAH TISHBI – Karaite scholar and liturgical poet; flourished at Belgrade in the first half of the sixteenth century; grandson of Abraham ben Judah. He copied and completed the exegetical work of his grandfather, entitled "Yesod Miḳra," and...
JUDAH HA-LEVI – His Youth. Spanish philosopher and Hebrew poet; born at Toledo, southern Castile, in the last quarter of the eleventh century; died in the Orient after 1140. If his birth is correctly assigned to 1085 or 1086 (Rapoport, in...
JUDAH HA-LEVI BEN SHALOM – Palestinian amora of the fourth generation; flourished in the second half of the fourth century. Few halakot of his are recorded in the Jerusalem Talmud. He appears as the opponent of Hananiah in the question of the fine imposed...
JUDAH LÖB BEN JOSHUA (HÖSCHKE) – Rabbi at Busk, Poland (now Austrian Galicia), in the seventeenth century. He was the author of "Leb Aryeh," containing homilies on the Pentateuch and the Five Megillot, published at Wilmersdorf in 1673.Bibliography:...
JUDAH BEN MENAHEM – Italian liturgical poet; lived, probably at Rome, in the middle of the twelfth century; father of the Roman dayyan Menahem ben Judah. He was the author of fourteen piyyuṭim, of which some are to be found in the printed Roman...