JewishEncyclopedia.com

The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
- Phrase search: "names of god"
- Exclude terms: "names of god" -zerah
- Volume/Page: v9 p419
- Diacritics optional: Ḥanukkah or hanukkah
- Search by Author: altruism author:Hirsch
search tips & recommendations

Isaac Broydé,

(Office Editor), Doctor of the University of Paris, France; formerly Librarian of the Alliance Israélite Universelle, Paris, France; New York City.

Contributions:
LEVI BEN SOLOMON – Galician Talmudist; lived at Brody in the first half of the eighteenth century. He was the author of "Bet Lewi," halakic novellæ and explanations of the difficult passages in Rashi and Tosafot (Zolkiev, 1732).Bibliography:...
LEVIATHAN AND BEHEMOTH – Names of gigantic beasts or monsters described in Job xl. The former is from a root denoting "coil," "twist"; the latter is the plural form of "behemah"="beast."—Biblical Data: Ever since Bochart ("Hierozoicon," iii. 705),...
LEVITA, ELIJAH – Grammarian, Masorite, and poet; born at Neustadt, near Nuremberg, in 1468; died at Venice Dec., 1549. Title-Page from the First Edition of Elijah Levita's "Tishbi," Isny, 1541.(From the Sulzberger collection in the Jewish...
LIPSCHÜTZ (LÜPSCHÜTZ, LIPSCHITZ, LIBSCHITZ) – Name of a family of Polish and German rabbis; derived from "Liebeschitz," name of a town in Bohemia.Aryeh Löb Lipschütz: Austrian rabbi and author; lived in the second half of the eighteenth and in the first half of the...
LISBON – Capital of Portugal. It had the largest Jewish community in the country and was the residence of the chief rabbi ("arraby mor"). It had several "Judarias" or Jewish streets, one of them in the part of the city called "de...
LISSER, ELEAZAR BEN SOLOMON (ZALMAN) – Polish scholar; lived at Kleczewo in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. He was the author of a twofold commentary on Jedaiah Bedersi's "Beḥinat 'Olam," published with the text at Frankfort-on-the-Oder (1792). The first...
LOANS, ELIJAH BEN MOSES ASHKENAZI – German rabbi and cabalist; born at Frankfort-on-the-Main 1555; died at Worms July, 1636. He belonged to the Rashi family, and on his mother's side was the grandson of Johanan Luria, and on his father's of Joselmann of Rosheim....
LÖB ARYEH HA-KOHEN OF STYRIA – Rabbi at Rozniatow and afterward at Styria; died in 1813. He was the author of the following works: "Ḳeẓot ha-Ḥoshen," a casuistic commentary in two volumes on the Ḥoshen Mishpaṭ of Joseph Caro's Shulḥan 'Aruk, published in 1788...
LÖB JUDAH BEN JOSHUA – Bohemian scholar; lived at Prague in the middle of the seventeenth century. He filled the office of secretary to Simon Spira, chief rabbi of Prague, and he published, under the title "Milḥamah be-Shalom," an account of the siege...
LOGIC – The science of correct thinking; the science of the principles governing the comparative and constructive faculties in the pursuit and use of truth. Although, judging from the principles that were propounded by the Tannaim for...
LONDON, JACOB BEN JUDAH ḤAZZAN – English scholar; born in London at the beginning of the eighteenth century. When quite young he went to Amsterdam, where he lived for a long time. Later he traveled through Italy, and in the course of his journey had the...
LÖWENGARD, MAX – German rabbi; born in Württemberg; died at Basel May 25, 1876. He was a friend of Berthold Auerbach and a diligent student of Schelling's philosophy. Though a fervent advocate of Reform in his youth, he became a zealous...
LURIA – A family with wide ramifications and several of whose members were distinguished for mystical tendencies and rabbinical knowledge.Abraham b. Nissan Luria: Russian rabbi and grammarian of the first half of the nineteenth century....
LURIA – A family with wide ramifications and several of whose members were distinguished for mystical tendencies and rabbinical knowledge.Abraham b. Nissan Luria: Russian rabbi and grammarian of the first half of the nineteenth century....
LUZKI, SIMḤAH ISAAC BEN MOSES – Karaite writer and bibliographer; born at Lutsk at the end of the seventeenth century; died, according to Firkovich, at Chufut-Kale, Crimea, or, according to another source, at Lutsk, March, 1766. He was well versed in...
LUZZATTO (LUZZATTI) – Name of a family of Italian scholars whose genealogy can be traced back to the first half of the sixteenth century. According to a tradition communicated by S. D. Luzzatto the family descends from a German who immigrated into...
MA'ALI IBN HIBAT ALLAH, ABU AL- – Egyptian physician; lived at Fusṭaṭ (Cairo) at the end of the twelfth century. He was the physician of Salaḥ al-Din (Saladin) and, after the death of the latter, of his brother Al-Malik al-'Adil. Ibn Abi Uṣaibi'ah, in his...
MA'ARABI (AL-MAGHREBI), ISRAEL BEN SAMUEL HA-DAYYAN – Karaite scholar; lived at Cairo in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries; teacher of the Karaite physician and writer Japhet ibn Ẓaghir of Cairo. Ma'arabi wrote, in Arabic, a work on the precepts (probably "Kitab al-Fara'iḍ"),...
MAARSSEN, JOSEPH BEN JACOB – Dutch scholar and publisher; member of a family of printers; lived at Amsterdam in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Maarssen published the following works: (1) A Judæo-German translation, by himself, from the Dutch of...
MACHIR – A Babylonian scholar who settled in Narbonne, France, at the end of the eighth century and whose descendants were for many generations the leaders of that important community. According to a tradition preserved by Abraham ibn...
MAGHARIYYAH, AL- – Arabic name of a Jewish sect, meaning "Men of the Caves." According to the account given by Joseph al-Ḳirḳisani this sect was founded in the first century before the common era and derived its designation from the fact that it...
MAḤZOR – Term applied to the compilation of prayers and piyyuṭim; originally it designated the astronomical or yearly cycle. By the Sephardim it was used for a collection which contains the prayers for the whole year, while the...
MAIMON, SOLOMON BEN JOSHUA – Early Studies. Philosophical writer; born at Nieszwicz, Lithuania, in 1754; died at Niedersiegersdorf, Silesia, Nov. 22, 1800. Endowed with greaty ability, he became versed in rabbinical literature while still a child. He was...
MALCHUS (CLEODEMUS THE PROPHET) – Hellenistic writer of the second century B.C. His Semitic name, "Malchus," a very common one in Phenicia and Syria but not met with among the Jews, combined with the pagan traditions abounding in his work, has given rise to...
MANDÆANS – Language. Eastern religious sect that professes and practises an admixture of Christian, Jewish, and heathen doctrines and customs. The members of the sect live in Lower Babylonia, in the territory of Wasiṭ and Bassora, near...