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Ira Maurice Price, Ph.D., LL.D.

Professor of Semitic Languages and Literature, University of Chicago, Chicago, Ill.

Contributions:
ABNER – Biblical Data: According to I Chron. viii. 29-33, and Josephus ("Ant." vi. 6, § 3), an uncle of Saul; while I Sam. xiv. 51 and Josephus ("Ant." vi. 6, § 6) seem to show that he was Saul's cousin. The latter view is regarded as...
ADDER – Reptile mentioned only in Gen. xlix. 17. It is the modern Arabic shiphon, a horned sand-snake, or Cerastes haselquistii (Hart, "Animals of the Bible," pp. 13, 14). This viper, which is only about a foot long and of a grayish...
ADONI-BEZEK – Biblical Data: Canaanitish king (Judges, i. 5-7), in the town of Bezek. He was routed by Judah and fled, but was caught. His thumbs and great toes were cut off, as a divine retribution—as he himself acknowledged—for the same...
AHIMELECH – Biblical Data: 1. Son of Ahitub, grandson of Phinehas, and great-grandson of Eli. He was priest at Nob during David's halt in his flight from Saul (I Sam. xxi. 1-9). Owing to his friendship for David he was slain by Doeg the...
AHIMELECH – Biblical Data: 1. Son of Ahitub, grandson of Phinehas, and great-grandson of Eli. He was priest at Nob during David's halt in his flight from Saul (I Sam. xxi. 1-9). Owing to his friendship for David he was slain by Doeg the...
AHINOAM – 1. Daughter of Ahimaaz and wife of Saul, first king of Israel (I Sam. xiv. 50). 2. The Jezreelitess captured by David while at war with Saul (I Sam. xxv. 43); she became his wife. The Amalekites subsequently carried her away...
AHISHAR – The overseer of Solomon's household (I Kings, iv. 6), whose position was one of responsibility similar to that of Joseph in Potiphar's house (Gen. xxxix. 4) and of Obadiah in Ahab's palace (I Kings, xviii. 3). I. M. P....
AHITHOPHEL – Biblical Data: A native of Giloh in the highlands of Judah, and privy councilor to David. He was a man of extraordinary sagacity and insight in political affairs (II Sam. xv. 12, xvii. 21-23), but showed himself devoid of...
AMAZIAH, KING OF JUDAH – Biblical Data: Son of Joash and father of Azariah (II Kings, xv. 1); came to the throne about 795 B.C. As soon as his kingdom was established he slew the murderers of his father (II Kings, xiv. 5), but contrary to custom...
ANATHOTH – A town in the territory of Benjamin in Palestine, included among the original Levitical cities (Josh. xxi. 18; compare I Chron. vi. 60). It has been identified by Robinson with the modern village 'Anâta, about two and one-half...
ANER – Biblical Data: One of the three Amorite lords of the hill-country of western Palestine confederate with Abram (Gen. xiv. 13). When a fugitive announced the plunder of Sodom and Gomorrah by the kings of the east, Abram with the...
ARCHEOLOGY, BIBLICAL – The branch of archeology that has for its province a scientific presentation of the domestic, civil, and religious institutions of the Hebrews, in the lands of the Bible, especially in Palestine. It deals with these for the...
ASSYRIOLOGY AND THE OLD TESTAMENT – The science of Assyriology (the interpretation of the cuneiform inscriptions), which has originated and developed with such marked rapidity within the past fifty years, stands in intimate relations with the Old Testament. The...
ATHALIAH – Daughter of Ahab (II Kings viii. 26) and, presumably, of Jezebel; also called the daughter of Omri (II Chron. xxii. 2). The political alliance of Jehoshaphat, fourth king of Judah, with Ahab, king of Israel (I Kings xxii. 2-4;...
BABEL, TOWER OF – Biblical Data: The story of the building of the city and the Tower of Babel as found in Gen. xi. 1-9 is briefly as follows: The whole human race spoke one and the same language, and formed one community. This community or clan...
BABEL, TOWER OF – Biblical Data: The story of the building of the city and the Tower of Babel as found in Gen. xi. 1-9 is briefly as follows: The whole human race spoke one and the same language, and formed one community. This community or clan...
BALAAM – Balak Solicits His Aid. —Biblical Data: A son of Beor and a prophet of Pethor in Mesopotamia. The narrative relating to Balaam is found in Num. xxii.-xxiv. According to this narrative, Balak, king of Moab, sent messengers to the...
BALM – A term used six times in the A. V. as a translation of the Hebrew words , and . It is everywhere rendered resina in the Vulgate.The margin of the A. V. in Ezek. xxvii. 17 reads "rosin." The six passages in which the word is...
BALSAM – Word used as the translation (R. V., margin) of the Hebrew (Cant. v. 1) and of (ib. v. 13, vi. 2), for which the A. V. has "spice." An aromatic gum or spice, probably the product of a Balsam tree or plant. The Balsam tree of...
BARLEY – A cereal often mentioned in the Old Testament as one of the common food-products of Palestine. It was and still is used as second only to wheat as an ingredient for bread, and as such was indicative of poverty, as seen in...
BELSHAZZAR – Biblical Data: King of Babylon mentioned in Dan. v. and viii. as the son of Nebuchadnezzar and as the last king before the advent of the Medes and Persians. The Greek form Βαλτάζαρ is used both for the Hebrew "Belshasar," or...
BELSHAZZAR – Biblical Data: King of Babylon mentioned in Dan. v. and viii. as the son of Nebuchadnezzar and as the last king before the advent of the Medes and Persians. The Greek form Βαλτάζαρ is used both for the Hebrew "Belshasar," or...
BITUMEN – A substance said (in Gen. xi. 3) to have been used for mortar. It belongs to the class of hydrocarbons, and is a resultant from petroleum, after having gradually undergone evaporation and oxidation. The continuation of this...
BRAZEN SEA – Biblical Data: The brazen laver of the Mosaic ritual; made by Solomon out of bronze captured by David at Tibhath and Chun, cities of Hadarezer (I Chron. xviii. 8). It served the same purpose for the officiating priests of...
BREASTPLATE – A rendering of the Hebrew "shiryon" or "siryon," which would be more correctly translated "coat of mail" or "cuirass." The kings of Israel used in warfare (I Kings xxii. 34) such body-protectors as were in vogue among their...