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Joseph Jacobs, B.A.

Formerly President of the Jewish Historical Society of England; Corresponding Member of the Royal Academy of History, Madrid; New York City.

Contributions:
KOLETKAR, MOSES – Sirdar bahadur in the Anglo-Indian army. He enlisted in the Eighth Regiment Native Infantry April 1, 1842, and was later transferred to the Twenty-seventh Regiment. He was appointed jemidar and native adjutant Jan. 1, 1853;...
ḲORBAN – 1. A sacrifice of any kind, whether bloody or bloodless; term used by Josephus in the sense also of a vow-offering, or of something devoted to God ("Ant." iv. 4, § 4; "Contra Ap." i. 22; Mark vii. 11). 2. The sacred treasury in...
KOSMINSKY, MARKS – Founder of the town of Nhill in the colony of Victoria, Australia; died there May 6, 1895. He founded most of the local institutions, the hospital, Mechanics' Institute, the Agricultural and Pastoral Society, the Masonic lodge,...
KREMSER, SIMON – German army commissary; born Sept. 15, 1775, at Breslau, Germany; died 1851. He became commissary agent to Blücher in 1806, and was entrusted with the Royal Prussian warchest. For his services in saving this at the risk of his...
KRESPIA NAḲDAN – Scribe of the thirteenth century. He is recorded as having copied in March, 1243, a manuscript of Maimonides' "Yad ha-Ḥazaḳah" now in the British Museum. The same manuscript contains an "azharah," with an acrostic on Krespia's...
MEISEL – Bohemian family which became famous chiefly through Mordecai Marcus b. Samuel Meisel, "primate" of Prague. The family seems to have come originally from Cracow, to whose community Mordecai Meisel bequeathed large sums for...
LABOR – Biblical Data: Labor and the laborer are invested in Jewish literature with a dignity scarcely paralleled in other ancient religions or social systems. Whereas the deities of all the nations of antiquity are depicted as spending...
LAGUNA, DANIEL ISRAEL LOPEZ – Spanish poet; born in Portugal about the middle of the seventeenth century of Marano parents, who subsequently settled in southern France. He studied the humanities at a Spanish university. Persecuted and imprisoned by the...
LAPIDARIA – Writings giving the qualities of precious and other stones, mostly composed in the Middle Ages. The rarest stones and minerals were in ancient times regarded as having special and often magical qualities. For those contained in...
LARA, ISIDORE DE – English composer; born in London Aug. 9, 1858. He was educated at Boulogne, and made his first appearance as a pianist at the age of thirteen, continuing to play in many recitals. In his fifteenth year he went to Milan, and...
LASKER, EMANUEL – Chess champion of the world; born Dec. 24, 1868, at Berlinchen, Germany; educated at the universities of Berlin, Göttingen, and Heidelberg, and took his degree of Ph.D. at the University of Erlangen. In 1882 he defeated several...
LATERAN COUNCILS – Councils of the Church held at Rome in the papal palace on Lateran Hill, whence their title. Those affecting Jewish history are the third (1179) and fourth (1215). At the former or third Lateran Council the Church law with...
LAWRENCE, JOHN ZACHARIAH – English surgeon; born in 1828; died in London July 18, 1870. He studied at University College, London (M.B. 1857), and became a fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons in 1855. He was appointed surgeon at the hospital for...
LAWSON, LIONEL – English newspaper proprietor; born in 1823 in London; died there Sept. 20, 1879. He was educated in Germany. Inheriting a fortune from his father, he established a manufactory of printing-ink at St. Ouen, France, made another...
LEE, SIDNEY – English editor; born in London Dec. 5, 1859; educated at City of London School and Balliol College, Oxford. Almost immediately on leaving college he became associated with Sir Leslie Stephen as assistant editor of the...
LEEDS – Manufacturing town in Yorkshire, England. It possessed a small Jewish community before the year 1840, divine service being held in a small room in Bridge street, little better than a loft, access to which was gained by means of...
LEICESTER – County town of Leicestershire, England. A Josce of Leicester is recorded in the Nottingham "Donum" of 1194 as living in Nottingham; and Benedict of Leicester is mentioned in 1205 (Jacobs, "Jews of Angevin England," p. 238). Part...
LEITNER, GOTTLIEB WILLIAM – Professor of Arabic; born at Budapest in 1841; died at Bonn March 22, 1899. He was educated at Constantinople and at King's College, London. Showing an aptitude for languages, he was appointed at an early age interpreter to the...
LEO, LEWIS – Synagogue musician; born in London in 1809; died there Sept. 11, 1876; second son of the Rev. Simon Leo. He was a musician and composer of much ability, and was the first to arrange the various Hebrew chants and melodies for...
LEPROSY – Chronic skin-disease characterized by ulcerous eruptions and successive desquainations of dead skin.—Biblical Data: According to the Levitical text, the characteristic features of leprosy were: (1) bright white spots or patches...
LEPROSY – Chronic skin-disease characterized by ulcerous eruptions and successive desquainations of dead skin.—Biblical Data: According to the Levitical text, the characteristic features of leprosy were: (1) bright white spots or patches...
LERMA, JUDAH BEN SAMUEL – Spanish Talmudist; flourished in the middle of the sixteenth century. He was the author of "Leḥem Yehudah," a commentary on Pirḳe Abot, and of "Derush 'al ha-Neshamah," a treatise on the soul, published together under the former...
LESSER, LOUIS – German soldier; born at Neustadt about 1850; served in the Second Brandenburg Dragoons in the Franco-Prussian war. On Nov. 18, 1870, while on patrol work between Sens and Villeneuve, his comrades being dispersed in various...
LEVETUS, CELIA (CELIA MOSS) – English writer; born at Portsea 1819; died at Birmingham 1873; daughter of Joseph and Amelia Moss of Portsea. At the age of eighteen Celia, in conjunction with her sister Marion, published a volume of poems bearing the title...
LEVI – Biblical Data: Third son of Jacob by Leah and one of the twelve Patriarchs of the tribes of Israel; born at Padan-aram (Gen. xxix. 34, xxxv. 23; I Chron. ii. 1). The name is derived from (= "to be joined"; "Now this time will my...