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Joseph Jacobs, B.A.

Formerly President of the Jewish Historical Society of England; Corresponding Member of the Royal Academy of History, Madrid; New York City.

Contributions:
LEVI – Biblical Data: Third son of Jacob by Leah and one of the twelve Patriarchs of the tribes of Israel; born at Padan-aram (Gen. xxix. 34, xxxv. 23; I Chron. ii. 1). The name is derived from (= "to be joined"; "Now this time will my...
LEVI BEN ABRAHAM BEN ḤAYYIM – French encyclopedist; champion of the liberal party in Provence in the struggle for the study of secular sciences; born at Villefranche-de-Confluent, Roussillon, between 1240 and 1250; died at or near Arles soon after 1315. He...
MELAMMED – A term which in Biblical times denoted a teacher or instructor in general (e.g., in Ps. cxix. 99 and Prov. v. 13), but which in the Talmudic period was applied especially to a teacher of children, and was almost invariably...
MELBOURNE – Capital of the British colony of Victoria. Attempts were made to hold services in Melbourne in the house of M. Lazarus in 1839 and in that of Solomon Benjamin in 1841; but the first congregation of the city was that entitled...
LEVI, BORACH (Joseph Jean François Elie) – Convert to Christianity; born at Hagenau in 1721; son of a Jewish commissary. He went to Paris in March, 1751, to follow up a lawsuit, and while there became a convert to Christianity, and was baptized Aug. 10, 1752. He...
LEVI, DAVID – Hebraist and author; born in London 1742; died 1801. He was destined by his parents for the rabbinate; but the design was abandoned, and he was apprenticed to a shoemaker. Subsequently he set up in business for himself as a...
LEVI, ISAAC, YOM-ṬOB – Sons of Abigdor ha-Levi Laniatore of Padua; founded a Hebrew printing establishment at Rome in 1518, which received special privileges from the pope through the intercession of Cardinal Egidio di Viterbo. There Elijah Levita's...
LEVI, LEONE – English political economist; born in Ancona, Italy, in 1821; died in London May 7, 1888. Levi went to England at an early age, was converted to Christianity, and became a member of the English bar (1859). He devoted much time...
LEVI, NATHANIEL – Australian merchant and politician; born at Liverpool, England, Jan. 20, 1830. In 1853 he went to the gold-fields in Victoria; in 1858, having settled in Melbourne, he joined the firm of John Levi & Sons. In 1860 he was elected...
LEVI-PEROTTI, GIUSTINA – A poetess, supposed to be of Sassoferrato, and assumed, until recently, to have addressed to Petrarch a sonnet beginning "Io Vorrei pur Drizzar Queste Mie Piume." This poem, to which Petrarch is said to have replied with his...
LEVIRATE MARRIAGE – Marriage with a brother's widow. This custom is found among a large number of primitive peoples, a list of which is given by Westermarck ("History of Human Marriage," pp. 510-514). In some cases it is the duty of a man to marry...
LEVISOHN, GEORGE (MORDECAI GUMPEL LEIVE) – German surgeon; born in Berlin of a family known as "Schnaber" ; died in Hamburg Feb. 10, 1797. He evinced an early aptitude for study, and attended the school of David Fränkel, chief rabbi of Berlin. Levisohn chose the medical...
MONOGAMY – Monogamy the Jewish Ideal. In Judaism the Law tolerated though it did not enact polygamy; but custom stood higher than the Law. From the period of the return from the Babylonian Exile, monogamy became the ideal and the custom of...
LEVITA, ELIJAH – Grammarian, Masorite, and poet; born at Neustadt, near Nuremberg, in 1468; died at Venice Dec., 1549. Title-Page from the First Edition of Elijah Levita's "Tishbi," Isny, 1541.(From the Sulzberger collection in the Jewish...
LEVY, ABRAHAM HIRTZEL – Alsatian martyr; born at Wittolsheim; executed at Colmar, Alsace, Dec. 31, 1754. He was accused with three other Jews of having stolen property amounting to three thousand livres from the house of a widow named Madeline Katin....
LEVY, AMY – English novelist and poet; born Nov. 10, 1861, in London; died there Sept. 10, 1899. Verse written by her before she was eight years of age gave evidence of high literary talent. By the time she had entered her teens she had...
LEVY FAMILY (of America) – The following is a genealogical tree of the family descended from Benjamin Levy of Philadelphia: J. S. Wo.
LEVY, JOSEPH HIAM – English economist; born 1838; educated at the City of London School and City of London College. He entered the British Civil Service, was assigned to the Board of Education in 1862, and rose to the position of examiner of school...
SUN, RISING AND SETTING OF THE – Dawn and Twilight. In order to fix the beginning and ending of the Sabbath-day and festivals and to determine the precise hour for certain religious observances it becomes necessary to know the exact times of the rising and the...
LEVY, JOSEPH MOSES – Founder and proprietor of the London "Daily Telegraph"; born Dec. 15, 1812; died at Ramsgate Oct. 12, 1888. He was educated in London and Germany. After spending the earlier part of his life in commercial pursuits he became the...
LEVY, JUDITH – English philanthropist; born in London 1706; died there Jan. 20, 1803; a daughter of Moses Hart, founder of the Great Synagogue, London; married Elias Levy, a wealthy financier and government contractor. This lady, who lived to...
MONOTHEISM – The belief in one God. The French writer Ernest Renan has propounded the theory that the monotheistic instinct was a Semitic trait, and that therefore the universal belief that it was characteristic of the Hebrews alone must be...
LEVY, SARA – German philanthropist; born in Berlin June, 1761; died there March 11, 1854. She was a daughter of Daniel Itzig, and was well educated according to the fashionable French standards of her time. Her husband was Samuel Levy, one...
LINDO, DAVID ABARBANEL – English communal worker; born in London Aug. 14, 1772; died there Feb. 26, 1852. He was an uncle of Lord Beaconsfield, whom he initiated into the covenant of Abraham, and was intimately connected with the Bevis Marks...
LEWIS, DAVID – English merchant and philanthropist; born in London 1823; died in Liverpool Dec. 4, 1885. Settling in Liverpool in 1840, he by 1856 had accumulated sufficient capital to commence business on his own account as a boys clothier in...