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Joseph Jacobs, B.A.

Formerly President of the Jewish Historical Society of England; Corresponding Member of the Royal Academy of History, Madrid; New York City.

Contributions:
LEWIS, SIR GEORGE HENRY – English lawyer; born in London April 21, 1833; educated at University College, London. In 1850 he was articled to his father, James Graham Lewis (1804-1869), founder of Lewis & Lewis, one of the best-known firms of solicitors in...
LEWIS, HARRY S. – English author and communal worker; born in London in 1861; educated at King's College School and St. John's College, Cambridge (B.A. 1884). At Cambridge he was one of the earliest to take honors in the Semitic languages tripos...
LEWIS, LEOPOLD DAVIS – English dramatist; born in London 1828; died there Feb. 23, 1890. Lewis was educated at the King's Collegiate School, London, and upon graduation became a solicitor, practising as such from 1850 to 1875. In 1871 he translated...
LEWIS, SAMUEL – English money-lender and philanthropist; born in Birmingham 1837; died in London Jan. 13, 1901. Lewis began work when thirteen years old. He became a salesman of steel pens, then opened a jeweler's shop, and finally entered the...
LEWISOHN, LEONARD – American merchant and philanthropist; born in Hamburg Oct. 10, 1847; died in London March 5, 1902. His father, Samuel Lewisohn, a prominent Hamburg merchant, sent him to the United States in 1863; about three years later he was...
LIEBERMANN, FELIX – German historian; born July 20, 1851, in Berlin. Destined for a commercial career, he began business life in a Berlin bank in 1869. There he remained for some time, but ultimately went to England, going to Manchester in 1871....
LIEBREICH, RICHARD – English ophthalmologist; born at Königsberg, East Prussia, June 30, 1830; brother of Oskar Liebreich. He received his education at the universities of Königsberg, Berlin, and Halle (M.D. 1853). After a postgraduate course at...
LINDO, ELIAS ḤAYYIM – English author and historian; born in 1783; died in London June 11, 1865. He spent the first half of his life in the island of St. Thomas, where he married and became one of the leading merchants. He was president of the Hebrew...
LIMERICK – Seaport town in Ireland, in which Jews began to settle about 1881, after the Russian exodus. A synagogue was founded in 1889 in Colooney street, and in the same year a biḳḳur ḥolim. In 1901 it was found necessary to establish a...
LINCOLN – County town of Lincolnshire, England; formerly the second town of importance in the country, and on that account largely populated by Jews in the preexpulsion period. They appear to have settled on the Steep Hill, between the...
LINDO, ALEXANDER – English merchant; died in London in 1818. He was connected with the West India trade, and in this connection entered into relations with Napoleon after the Treaty of Amiens, arranging for the shipment of goods to the value of...
LINDO, MARK PRAGER – Dutch writer; born in London Sept. 18, 1819; died at The Hague March 9, 1879. He went to Holland in 1838 as teacher of English, first at Arnhem, and then at the Military Academy at Breda; and he studied Dutch literature at...
LISBON – Capital of Portugal. It had the largest Jewish community in the country and was the residence of the chief rabbi ("arraby mor"). It had several "Judarias" or Jewish streets, one of them in the part of the city called "de...
LISSACK, MORRIS – English author and communal worker; born at Schwerin-on-the-Wartha, grand duchy of Posen, in 1814; died in London Jan. 13, 1895. He emigrated to England in 1835, and in 1839 settled as a "teacher of languages and dealer in...
LITERATURE, HEBREW – Under this designation may be comprised all the works written by Jews in the Hebrew and the Aramaic tongue. Works written in Hebrew by non-Jews are too few to require consideration here. The term "Jewish literature" should be...
TAḤANUN – Prostration. Letters with Tagin, as Described in "Sefer ha-Tagin."(Compare "Sefer ha-Tagin," opposite p. 55; Vitry Maḥzor, opposite p. 800).Prayer for grace; said after the "'Amidah" of the morning ("shaḥarit") and afternoon...
LIVERPOOL – Chief seaport in the northwest of England, situated on the Mersey, and in the county of Lancashire. There was a primitive settlement of Jews in the town about 1750, but this later became extinct. Tombstones with Hebrew...
LÖB ARYEH BEN TOBIAH – Lithuanian Talmudic scholar and printer; died at Wilna Oct. 24, 1812. He enjoyed great consideration in Wilna on account of his learning and of the assistance rendered by him to Talmudic students. He was the first (in...
LOEWE, LOUIS – English Orientalist and theologian; born at Zülz, Prussian Silesia, 1809; died in London 1888. He was educated at the yeshibot of Lissa, Nikolsburg, Presburg, and at the University of Berlin. Stopping at Hamburg on his way to...
LOGIC – The science of correct thinking; the science of the principles governing the comparative and constructive faculties in the pursuit and use of truth. Although, judging from the principles that were propounded by the Tannaim for...
LONDON – Capital city of England. According to William of Malmesbury, William the Conqueror brought certain Jews from Rouen to London about 1070; and there is no evidence of their earlier existence in England. Besides these settlers from...
LONDON COMMITTEE OF DEPUTIES OF BRITISH JEWS – A body formed to safeguard the interests of British Jews as a religious community. It can be traced to a committee called "The Committee of Diligence," which committee was formed to watch the progress through the Irish...
LONDON, JACOB BEN JUDAH ḤAZZAN – English scholar; born in London at the beginning of the eighteenth century. When quite young he went to Amsterdam, where he lived for a long time. Later he traveled through Italy, and in the course of his journey had the...
LOPEZ, SIR MANASSEH MASSEH – English politician; born in Jamaica Jan. 22, 1755; died at Maristow House, Devonshire, 1831; descended from ancient Sephardic stock. Both he and his father, Mordecai Rodriguez Lopez, became converts to Christianity in 1802. In...
LOPEZ, RODRIGO – Court physician to Queen Elizabeth; born in Portugal about 1525; executed June 7, 1594, for having attempted to poison the queen. He settled in London in 1559, and in 1571 was residing in the parish of St. Peter le Poer....