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Joseph Jacobs, B.A.

Formerly President of the Jewish Historical Society of England; Corresponding Member of the Royal Academy of History, Madrid; New York City.

Contributions:
MONTEFIORE – Anglo-Jewish family which derives its name from a town in Italy. In 1856 there were three towns so named in the Pontifical States, but from which of the three the family came is not definitely known. As far back as 1630 the...
MONTEFIORE – Anglo-Jewish family which derives its name from a town in Italy. In 1856 there were three towns so named in the Pontifical States, but from which of the three the family came is not definitely known. As far back as 1630 the...
MONTEFIORE – Anglo-Jewish family which derives its name from a town in Italy. In 1856 there were three towns so named in the Pontifical States, but from which of the three the family came is not definitely known. As far back as 1630 the...
MONTEFIORE – Anglo-Jewish family which derives its name from a town in Italy. In 1856 there were three towns so named in the Pontifical States, but from which of the three the family came is not definitely known. As far back as 1630 the...
MONTEFIORE – Anglo-Jewish family which derives its name from a town in Italy. In 1856 there were three towns so named in the Pontifical States, but from which of the three the family came is not definitely known. As far back as 1630 the...
MONTEZINOS, ANTONIO DE (AARON LEVI) – Marano traveler of the seventeenth century. He claimed that while journeying in South America about 1641 near Quito, Ecuador, he met with savages who practised Jewish ceremonies and recited the Shema' and who were of the tribe...
MONTEZINOS LIBRARY – Division of the library of the Portuguese Rabbinical Seminary 'Eẓ Ḥayyim at Amsterdam, Holland. It was bequeathed in 1889 by D. R. Montezinos (b. Dec. 6, 1829), the well-known bibliophile of that city, and was dedicated on April...
MONTORO, ANTON DE – Spanish poet of the fifteenth century; born in Montoro 1404; died after March, 1477; son of Fernando Alfonso de Baena Ventura, and a near relative of the poet Juan Alfonso de Baena. His vocation was that of a "ropero"; he calls...
MORBIDITY – Rate of Sickness. Tendency to disease. The ratio of sickness among the Jews has not yet been satisfactorily studied, although the ratio of deaths—the mortality—among them, and of the various diseases that cause such deaths, has...
MORDECAI BEN JUDAH (ARYEH LÖB) ASHKENAZI – Dutch ritualist; lived in Amsterdam in the early part of the seventeenth century. He was a disciple of Abraham Rovigo, whose commentary to the Zohar, "Eshel Abraham," he arranged and corrected. It was published, with the text,...
MORIAH – 1. A district in Palestine containing several mountains, on one of which Abraham was commanded by God to sacrifice his son Isaac (Gen. xxii. 2). 2. A mountain at Jerusalem on which Ornan the Jebusite had a thrashing-floor and on...
MOROCCO – Traditions of Early Settlement. Sultanate in northwestern Africa. In antiquity it formed a considerable part of Mauritania. The latter was originally an independent kingdom, but in the year 42 of the common era it was made a...
MORTALITY – Mortality of Children. Death-rate. The bulk of the Jews are known to live in the most overcrowded and unsanitary sections of cities in Europe and America, and would, a priori, be expected to show a higher rate of mortality than...
MORTON, EDWARD – English journalist and playwright; born 1858. For many years he was dramatic critic on the "Referee" and other London papers. He is the author of: "Travellers' Tales" (1892); "Man and Beast" (with preface by I. Zangwill; 1893);...
MOSCHELES, FELIX – English artist; born in London Feb. 8, 1833; studied painting in Paris and Antwerp, and exhibited his first pictures in those cities. Later he was an exhibitor at the London Academy, Grosvenor, and New galleries. He has been...
MOSELY, ALFRED – English financier; born at Clifton 1855. He was educated at the Bristol Grammar School, and afterward went to South Africa, where he became one of the earliest settlers in Kimberley. He equipped at his own expense the Princess...
MOSER – An informer, denunciator, or delator; synonyms are "masor" (abstract, "mesirah"), "delator" ( ), and "malshin" (abstract, "malshinut"), from the last of which are derived the Portuguese "malsim," and also the Spanish "malsin,"...
MOSER, MOSES – German merchant known as a friend of Heine; born 1796; died at Berlin Aug. 15, 1838. He was educated for a business career, and was for a time an assistant of the banker Moses Friedländer in Berlin. Afterward he became the...
MOSES – Biblical Data: The birth of Moses occurred at a time when Pharaoh had commanded that all male children born to Hebrew captives should be thrown into the Nile (Ex. ii.; comp. i.). Jochebed, the wife of the Levite Amram, bore a...
MOSES – Biblical Data: The birth of Moses occurred at a time when Pharaoh had commanded that all male children born to Hebrew captives should be thrown into the Nile (Ex. ii.; comp. i.). Jochebed, the wife of the Levite Amram, bore a...
MOSES, BLESSING OF – Biblical Data: Name given to the chapter in Deuteronomy (xxxiii.) containing the prophetic utterances of Moses concerning the destiny of the twelve tribes, which he had led to the boundary of Palestine. Moses begins with praise...
MOSES, CHILDREN OF – In Babylon. The legendary descendants of Moses who dwell beyond the mythical River Sambaṭion. The pathetic conception of the Jewish exiles weeping by the waters of Babylon, and refusing to sing the songs of Zion in a strange...
MOSES BEN ABRAHAM ABINU – Christian convert to Judaism; printer and author; born at Nikolsburg; died at Amsterdam in 1733 or 1734. According to Wolf ("Bibl. Hebr." iii., No. 1510b), Moses ben Abraham was a native of Prague, and was circumcised at...
MOSES BEN ABRAHAM PROVENÇAL – Rabbi of Mantua about the middle of the sixteenth century. In opposition to the opinion of Meïr Katzenellenbogen of Padua and of others, he gave his approbation to the first edition of the Zohar, which was printed in Mantua,...
MOSES BEN NAḤMAN GERONDI – Precocious Development. Spanish Talmudist, exegete, and physician; born at Gerona (whence his name "Gerondi") in 1194 (Gans, "Ẓemaḥ Dawid," p. 50, Warsaw, 1890); died in Palestine about 1270. He was the grandson of Isaac ben...