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Joseph Jacobs, B.A.

Formerly President of the Jewish Historical Society of England; Corresponding Member of the Royal Academy of History, Madrid; New York City.

Contributions:
MOSES BOTAREL – Spanish scholar; lived in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. He was a pupil of Jacob Sefardi (the Spaniard), who instructed him in the Cabala. He studied also medicine and philosophy; the latter he regarded as a divine...
MOSES BEN ISAAC HANESSIAH – English grammarian and lexicographer of the late twelfth and early thirteenth centuries. His mother probably was a Jewess named Comitissa, of Cambridge, whence the name "Hanessiah." In his youth he wrote a work (now lost) on...
MOSES BEN ISAAC (GAJO) OF RIETI – Italian physician, philosopher, and poet; born at Rieti in 1388; died at Rome about 1460. After having received instruction in Talmud and Hebrew literature from his father, he devoted himself to the study of medicine and...
MOSES, JOSEPH ḤAYYIM ELIJAH – Cabalist and Talmudist; grandson of a chief rabbi of Bagdad; one of the leaders of the Jewish community there (1904). He wrote the following, published at Jerusalem and Bagdad between 1870 and 1900: "Rab Pe'alim"; "Ben Ish Ḥai";...
MOSES BEN JOSHUA OF NARBONNE (MAESTRO VIDAL BLASOM) – French philosopher and physician; born at Perpignan at the end of the thirteenth century; died after 1362. His education in philosophy began at the age of thirteen, under his father, and continued under Moses and Abraham...
MOSES BEN MAIMON – Traditional Portrait of Moses ben Maimon, with Autograph.Talmudist, philosopher, astronomer, and physician; born at Cordova March 30, 1135; died at Cairo Dec. 13, 1204; known in Arabic literature as Abu 'Imran Musa ben Maimun...
MOSES MIZORODI BEN JUDAH MARULI – Karaite scholar; lived at Constantinople in the second half of the sixteenth century. He was ayounger contemporary of Judah Poki, on whose "Sha'ar Yehudah" he wrote a eulogy. Moses was a prolific writer; but, with the exception...
MOSES, SASON MORDECAI – Turkish cabalist and Talmudist; born, 1747; lived in Bagdad, where he died in the year 1831. He was the author of: "Ḳol Sason," on ethics (Leghorn, 1859; Bagdad, 1891); "Dabar be-'Itto," commentary on the Pentateuch and Talmud...
MOSES, SILAS MEYER – President of the Bank of Bombay; second son of M. S. Moses; born in Bombay Nov. 23, 1845. He was educated in that city, and, being related to the Sassoon family, went at an early age to China in connection with the business of...
MOSES BEN SOLOMON OF SALERNO – Italian philosopher and commentator of the thirteenth century. Between 1240 and 1250 he wrote a commentary on Maimonides' "Moreh Nebukim," which he afterward revised in part; only a small portion of the work, with annotations by...
MOSES BEN YOM-ṬOB – English Masorite and grammarian. He is quoted by Moses ben Isaac as his teacher ("Sefer ha-Shoham," ed. Collins, p. 37), and is referred to in the Berlin manuscripts of his work as "Moses ben Yom-Ṭob of London." He wrote "Darke...
NAZIR, ISAAC – One of the earliest cabalists. According to an account which is not altogether trustworthy, he was the real founder of cabalistic science; its secrets are said to have been revealed to him in a vision by the prophet Elijah....
MUNAJJA, ABU AL-FARAJ IBN ṢADAḲAH – Samaritan writer; lived in the twelfth century, probably at Damascus. His father was a renowned poet (whence the son's name of Ibn al-Sha'ir). Munajja was the author of various commentaries on the Pentateuch, which are cited by...
MÜNSTER, SEBASTIAN – German Hebraist and cosmographer; born 1489 at Ingelheim; died at Basel May 23, 1552. He was educated at Heidelberg and Tübingen, and became a Protestant and teacher of Hebrew at the University of Basel in 1529. Münster studied...
MÜNSTERBURG, HUGO – American psychologist; born at Danzig, Prussia, June 1, 1863. After being trained at the gymnasium of his native city he studied philosophy at Leipsic (Ph.D. 1885) and medicine at Heidelberg (M.D. 1887). Devoting himself to...
MUSA, ḤAYYIM IBN – Spanish controversialist, physician, and Biblical commentator; born at Bejar, not far from Salamanca, about 1390; died in 1460. According to Abraham Zacuto ("Yuḥasin," ed. Filipowski, p. 229), Ibn Musa was also a payṭan, but...
MUSARNIKES – Name colloquially applied in Russia to the followers of R. Israel Lipkin (Salanter) in the study of religio-ethical works and in the practise of severely strict morality. Although he was probably the keenest-minded pilpulist of...
MYERS, WALTER – English physician and toxicologist; born 1871 at Birmingham; died Jan. 21, 1901, at Para, Brazil. He was educated at King Edward's High School, Birmingham, at Caius College, Cambridge, and at St. Thomas' Hospital, London. After...
MUSSAFIA, ADOLF – Austrian Romance philologist; born at Spalato, Dalmatia, Feb. 15, 1835. At first intended for the medical profession, he became an instructor in Italian at the University of Vienna, 1855, and subsequently assistant professor of...
MYERS, ASHER ISAAC – English journalist; born in London 1848; died there May 11, 1902. After an early training in the clothing business Myers became in 1868 joint proprietor of "The Jewish Record." He left this in the following year to assist...
MYERS, MAURICE WILLIAM – American librarian; born in London, England, Feb. 18, 1821; died in Cincinnati, Ohio, Dec. 8, 1899. He emigrated to New York in 1833, and removed to Cincinnati in 1837. He first studied law and was admitted to the bar, but...
NAGASAKI – Commercial seaport in the ken of the same name, Japan. Of its Jewish community most of the members emigrated from Russia. In the year 1894 a synagogue (Beth Israel) was founded by R. H. Goldenberg with the cooperation of S. D....
NAGAWKAR, BENJAMIN SHALOM – Beni-Israel soldier; born at Bombay before 1830. He enlisted in the 25th Regiment Bombay Native Light Infantry July 1, 1848; was made jemidar Jan. 1, 1868; subahdar Jan. 1, 1873; and subahdar-major April 15, 1879. Nagawkar was...
NAGAWKAR, SAMUEL MOSES – Jewish Burial-Ground, Nagasaki, Japan.(From a photograph.)Beni-Israel soldier; born at Bombay about 1810. He enlisted in the 10th Regiment Native Infantry Oct. 1, 1832. He was on foreign service at Aden from 1840 to 1844, served...
NAḤMIAS (NAAMIAS, NEHMIAS) – One of the most ancient and prominent Jewish families of Toledo. The oldest member known is Joseph Naḥmias, son-in-law of Joshua ben Isaac ibn Saidum, who was living in 1112. In 1211 another of the same name is met with in the...