JewishEncyclopedia.com

The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
- Phrase search: "names of god"
- Exclude terms: "names of god" -zerah
- Volume/Page: v9 p419
- Diacritics optional: Ḥanukkah or hanukkah
- Search by Author: altruism author:Hirsch
search tips & recommendations

Joseph Jacobs, B.A.

Formerly President of the Jewish Historical Society of England; Corresponding Member of the Royal Academy of History, Madrid; New York City.

Contributions:
PARDO – A family deriving its name from Prado in Castile. Its members have mostly distinguished themselves in the Levant. Among them may be mentioned:David Pardo: Rabbinical commentator and liturgical poet; born at Venice March 29,...
NAIL – 1. The finger nail. In Hebrew the corresponding word occurs only in the plural, (Deut. xxi. 12), the singular of which denotes the point of a stylus (Jer. xvii. 1). In the passage in question occurs in connection with the verb...
NAMES (PERSONAL) – The conferring of a name upon a person was in early Biblical times generally connected with some circumstance of birth; several of Jacob's sons are recorded as having received their names in this manner (Gen. xxx.). Generally,...
NAPOLEON BONAPARTE – Emperor of the French; born in Ajaccio, Corsica, Aug. 15, 1769; died at St. Helena in 1821. Only those incidents in his career need be noticed here that have direct bearing upon the history of the Jews. His first recorded...
NARD – A species of Valeriana spica Vahl = Nardostachys Jatamansi De Candolle, growing in eastern Asia. It was well known to the ancients as a perfume because of the pungent but pleasant odor of its root; and it formed, under the name...
NASI – The president of the Sanhedrin. According to the rabbinical tradition (Ḥag. ii. 2; Peah ii. 6), the Sanhedrin was presided over by a duumvirate ("zug" = "zeugos" [couple]), of which the first was the nasi, the second the ab bet...
NATALITY – Proportionate number of births in a population, generally measured by the number per thousand of population. Since the writing of the article on Births a few additional details have been published which throw some further light...
NATHAN – American family that has been identified with both the general and the Jewish community of New York city since the latter half of the eighteenth century. The earliest member of the family (in America) was Simon Nathan.Benjamin...
NATHAN, BARNETT – English dramatic and musical entrepreneur; born in 1793; died in London Dec. 6, 1856. Nathan was also a teacher of dancing from 1844 till his death. He acted for many years as master of the ceremonies and managing director at...
NATHAN, ISAAC – English musician and composer; born at Canterbury, England, in 1792; died at Sydney, N. S. W., Jan. 15, 1864. He was intended for the ministry and studied under Professor Lyon at Cambridge, but, owing to his love of music, he...
NAVIGATION – Biblical Data: That the Israelites, practically, did not engage in navigation is due to the fact that they never held the sea-coast for any length of time. According to Judges v. 17, Josh. xix. 26, 28, Gen. xlix. 13, and Deut....
NATHAN JUDAH BEN SOLOMON – Provençal physician of the fourteenth century. His Provençal names were En Bongodas and Bonjues and he was probably a native of Avignon, where lived many other members of the Nathan family. Judah, like all the other members of...
NATHAN, SIR MATTHEW – English soldier and administrator; born in London Jan. 3, 1862; son of Jonah Nathan. He joined the Royal Engineers on May 19, 1880, from the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, where he received the Pollock medal as the most...
NECROMANCY – Divination by aid of the dead is said to have been common among the Persians (Strabo, xvi. 2, 39, νεκυονάντεις), and at a later time among the Greeks and Romans as well (see passages in Winer, "B. R." ii. 26). The Israelites...
NEILSON, JULIA (Mrs. Fred Terry) – English actress; born in London 1868; educated at Wiesbaden, Germany. Returning to London in 1883, she became a student at the Royal Academy of Music, and, being possessed of a fine mezzo-soprano voice, devoted herself...
NERVOUS DISEASES – Frequency of Hysteria Among Jews. The Jews are more subject to diseases of the nervous system than the other races and peoples among which they dwell. Hysteria and neurasthenia appear to be most frequent. Some physicians of...
NETHERLANDS – Country of western Europe, bounded by the North Sea, by Belgium, and by the Prussian provinces of Hanover and Westphalia, and the province of the Rhine. Since 1815 it has been a kingdom under the house of Orange. The members of...
NETHINIM – Temple officials. They are first heard of as returning from Babylon to Palestine, after the Exile, in two batches, one numbering 392, the second 220 (Ezra ii. 58, viii. 20). A list of the families composing the first batch is...
NEUBAUER, ADOLF – Sublibrarian at the Bodleian Library and reader in Rabbinic Hebrew at Oxford University; born at Bittse, Hungary, March 11, 1831. He received a thorough education in rabbinical literature, and his earliest contributions were...
NEUBERG, JOSEPH – English litterateur; secretary to Thomas Carlyle; born at Würzburg, Bavaria, May 21, 1806; died in London March 23, 1867. At first he entered into business at Hamburg, and was afterward placed in a position of much...
NEUMEGEN, LEOPOLD – English school-master; born in Posen in 1787; died at Kew, near London, April, 1875. He first taught in Göttingen, and about 1816 removed to England, where he became principal of a boarding-school at Highgate (London). His...
NEUSS – City of Rhenish Prussia. Its Jewish community, which dates back to the eleventh century, is known for the series of persecutions and martyrdoms which it has experienced. When on May 30, 1096, the Crusaders made an attack on the...
NEW MOON, BLESSING OF THE – The periodical reappearance of the moon, like the reappearance of everything that is a benefit to mankind, such as fruits in their respective seasons, should be recognized by praise and gratitude to the Creator. The benediction...
NEW ZEALAND – Affected by Russian Persecutions. A group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, consisting of two large islands (North Island and South Island), a small island known as Stewart Island, and numerous islets along the coast....
NEWCASTLE-UPON-TYNE – English seaport; center of the English coal-trade. It has a population of 214,803, including about 500 Jewish families. Jews are mentioned in connection with Newcastle-upon-Tyne before the expulsion, but the present, community...