JewishEncyclopedia.com

The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
- Phrase search: "names of god"
- Exclude terms: "names of god" -zerah
- Volume/Page: v9 p419
- Diacritics optional: Ḥanukkah or hanukkah
- Search by Author: altruism author:Hirsch
search tips & recommendations

Joseph Jacobs, B.A.

Formerly President of the Jewish Historical Society of England; Corresponding Member of the Royal Academy of History, Madrid; New York City.

Contributions:
RICHARDSON, SIR BENJAMIN WARD – English physician and friend of the Jews; born at Somersby 1828; died in London Nov. 21, 1896. He received his degree of M.D. in 1854, and became an active member of the British Medical Association. He was knighted in...
RICIUS, AUGUSTINUS – Jewish convert to Christianity and astronomer of the fifteenth century. He was a disciple of Abraham Zacuto, and wrote a work on the motion of the eighth sphere, a Latin translation of which appeared at Paris in 1521. He quotes...
RIDDLE – Among the ancients, as witness the story of Œdipus and the Sphinx, a riddle was a more serious matter than in modern times, more in the nature of a wager than of an amusement. Samson's riddle to the Philistines (Judges xiv. 14)...
RODRIGUEZ – In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries many persons bearing the surname Rodriguezwere condemned by the Inquisition to death at the stake or to lifelong imprisonment on the ground that they were "Judaizantes" or secret...
RIMINI – Italian town situated on the Adriatic, about 28 miles east-southeast of Forli. It is noted as the place where Gershon Soncino produced a number of works in the period 1521 to 1526. Here he printed the third and rarest edition of...
RINTEL, MOSES – Australian rabbi; born in Edinburgh 1823; died at Melbourne, Victoria, 1880; son of Myer Rintel, Hebraist and Talmudical scholar. For some years Moses Rintel acted as reader to the Brighton synagogue; in 1844 he went to Sydney;...
RITTANGEL, JOHANN STEPHANUS – German controversial writer; born at Forscheim, near Bamberg; died at Königsberg 1652. It is stated that he was born a Jew, became converted to Roman Catholicism, then became a Calvinist, and lastly joined the Lutheran Church....
RIVA DI TRENTO – Small town on the Lake of Guarda, under the jurisdiction of the Bishop of Trent. Christoforo Madruz, Cardinal of Trent and Archbishop of Brixen, granted in 1558 the privilege of printing Hebrew books to Joseph Ottolengo, a...
ROADS – In primitive times the chief use of roads in Palestine was to afford communication with markets. Later on roads were used for military purposes, for the movement of troops and commissariat. Of the three great trading countries...
ROBERT OF BURY ST. EDMUNDS – Alleged martyr of a blood accusation at Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk, England, in 1181. No details are known of the circumstances under which he was created a martyr; but the expulsion of the Jews from Bury St. Edmunds ten years...
ROBLES, ANTONIO RODRIQUES DA – English Marano merchant and shipper; born at Fundăo, Portugal, about 1620. It is probable that he was one of the Neo-Christians who attempted to reestablish the Spanish dominion in 1641 (Kayserling, "Geschichte der Juden in...
RÖDELHEIM – Prussian town near Frankfort-on-the-Main. A Jewish community existed there probably as early as the middle of the thirteenth century, for it appears from the municipal archives that the legal status of the Jews was determined as...
ROME – Early Settlement in Rome. Capital in ancient times of the Roman republic and empire; in modern times, of the papal dominions and of the kingdom of Italy. Jews have lived in Rome for over 2,000 years, longer than in any other...
ROME – Early Settlement in Rome. Capital in ancient times of the Roman republic and empire; in modern times, of the papal dominions and of the kingdom of Italy. Jews have lived in Rome for over 2,000 years, longer than in any other...
ROMM – Family of printers and publishers of Hebrew books in Wilna. The family formerly lived in Grodno, where the book-dealer Baruch b. Joseph Romm established a printing-office in 1789. The Romm Hebrew printing-office was the first in...
ROSALES, JACOB HEBRÆUS (IMMANUEL BOCARRO FRANCES Y ROSALES) – Physician, mathematician, astrologer, and poet; born in 1588 or, according to some, in 1593, at Lisbon; died either at Florence or at Leghorn in 1662 or 1668; son of the Marano physician Fernando Bocarro. On completing his...
ROSE – This flower is not mentioned in the Bible, and the earliest reference to it occurs in Ecclus. (Sirach) xxiv. 14. It is mentioned in the Mishnah and the later Apocrypha, while in the Targum and with many subsequent exegetes it...
ROSEBERY, HANNAH, COUNTESS OF – English social leader and philanthropist; born in London July 27, 1851; died at Dalmeny Park, Scotland, Nov. 19, 1890; only daughter and heiress of Baron Meyer de Rothschild. Like her mother, Baroness Juliana de Rothschild, she...
ROSENMÜLLER, ERNST FRIEDRICH KARL – Christian Orientalist and theologian; born Dec. 10, 1768, at. Hesselberg; died at Leipsic Sept. 17, 1835. He studied at Erlangen, Giessen, and Leipsic under his father, and became assistant professor of Arabic at the university...
ROSENTHAL, HARRY LOUIS – English exegete; born about 1860 at Vladislavov (Neustadt-Schirwindt), Poland. In 1869 he accompanied his mother and sisters to Manchester, England, where he was educated. Returning to Vladislavov in 1878, he studied Hebrew, and...
ROTHENBURG – Early Mention. Town of Middle Franconia, Bavaria, situated on the Tauber, 41 miles west of Nuremberg. Jews must have been settled there as early as the beginning of the twelfth century, since a Jew of Rothenburg is mentioned in...
ROSSI, AZARIAH BEN MOSES DEI – Earthquake at Ferrara, 1571. Italian physician and scholar; born at Mantua in 1513 or 1514; died in 1578. He was descended from an old Jewish family which, according to a tradition, was brought by Titus from Jerusalem. Combining...
ROSSI, GIOVANNI BERNARDO DE – Italian Christian Hebraist; born Oct. 25, 1742, in Castelnuovo; died in Parma March, 1831. He studied in Ivrea and Turin. In Oct., 1769, he was appointed professor of Oriental languages at the University of Parma, where he spent...
ROTHSCHILD – Celebrated family of financiers, the Fuggers of the nineteenth century, deriving its name from the sign of a red shield borne by the house No. 148 in the Judengasse of Frankfort-on-the-Main. This house is mentioned in the...
ROTHSCHILD – Celebrated family of financiers, the Fuggers of the nineteenth century, deriving its name from the sign of a red shield borne by the house No. 148 in the Judengasse of Frankfort-on-the-Main. This house is mentioned in the...