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Joseph Jacobs, B.A.

Formerly President of the Jewish Historical Society of England; Corresponding Member of the Royal Academy of History, Madrid; New York City.

Contributions:
SALAMAN, CHARLES MALCOLM – English journalist and dramatist; born in London Sept. 6, 1855; son of Charles Kensington Salaman, the composer. He is the author of "Ivan's Love-Quest" and other poems (London, 1879), and he has written the verses to many of...
SALAMANCA – Spanish city; capital of the province of the same name; famous for its university. The Jews of Salamanca rendered valuable services to King Ferdinand II. of Leon during the war against the King of Castile in 1169, and in return...
SALAMON, NAHUM – English inventor; born in London 1828; died there Nov. 23, 1900. He may be regarded as practically the founder of the British trade in sewing-machines. He early recognized the possibilities of this invention; and introduced from...
SALANT, SAMUEL – Chief rabbi of the Ashkenazic congregations in Jerusalem; born Jan. 2, 1816, at Byelostok, Russia. Samuel married the daughter of Sundl of Salant and assumed the name "Salant." At an early age his lungs became affected, and he...
SALE – Of Land: The steps by which the title to land is changed in a gift or sale have been shown under Alienation. The conveyance might be by deed ("sheṭar"), for the requisites of which see Deed. It remains to be shown how the object...
SALEM – Name of a place, first mentioned in connection with Abraham's return from the battle with Chedorlaomer, when Melchizedek, King of Salem, went to meet him (Gen. xiv. 18). Josephus ("Ant." i. 10, § 2; "B. J." vi. 10), the three...
SALEM SHALOAM DAVID – Chinese convert to Judaism; born at Hankow, China, of Chinese parents in 1853, and named Feba. Feba remained with his parents till 1861, when his family were murdered during the Taeping rebellion. He, along with other boys, was...
SALOMON, WILLIAM – American financier; born at Mobile, Ala., Oct. 9, 1852; great-grandson of Haym Salomon. His parents removed to Philadelphia a few years after his birth; and in 1864 he went to New York city, where he received his education. In...
SALOMONS, SIR JULIAN EMANUEL – Australian statesman; born in Birmingham 1834. He was called to the bar in Jan., 1861. Having emigrated to New South Wales, he was called to the bar of that colony, and practised with much success before the Supreme Court in...
SALONICA – Earliest Notice. Seaport city in Rumelia, European Turkey; chief town of an extensive vilayet of the same name which includes the sanjaks of Salonica, Serres, Drama, and Monastir; situated at the northeast extremity of the Gulf...
SALVADOR, JOSEPH – English philanthropist; flourished about 1753. He came of a distinguished family that emigrated from Holland in the eighteenth century, bringing with it considerable sums of money which it invested in commerce. Salvador, who...
SALVATION – Etymological Meanings. The usual rendering in the English versions for the Hebrew words , , derivatives of the stem , which in the verb occurs only in the "nif'al" and "hif'il" forms. Other Hebrew terms translated by the...
SAMARA – Babylonian river near which tradition has located Ezra's tomb. Many legends cluster round this sacred spot; and in former times both Jews and Mohammedans used to make pilgrimages thither for prayer and to procure relies. It was...
SAMARIA – The Name. City of Palestine; capital of the kingdom of Israel. It was built by Omri, in the seventh year of his reign, on the mountain Shomeron (Samaria); he had bought this mountain for two talents of silver from Shemer, after...
SAMUEL IBN 'ADIYA – Poet and warrior; lived in Arabia in the first half of the sixth century. His mother was of the royal tribe of Ghassan, while his father, according to some, was descended from Aaron, or, according to others, from Kahin, son of...
SAMSON – Biblical Data: One of the judges of Israel, whose life and acts are recorded in Judges xiii.-xvi. At a period when Israel was under the oppression of the Philistines the angel of the Lord appeared to Manoah, a man of Dan, of the...
SAMUDA – Old Spanish, and Portuguese family, identified for some generations with the communal affairs of the London Jewry. The first member to settle in England was the physician and scientist Isaac de Sequeyra Samuda. In 1728 he...
SAMUDA – Old Spanish, and Portuguese family, identified for some generations with the communal affairs of the London Jewry. The first member to settle in England was the physician and scientist Isaac de Sequeyra Samuda. In 1728 he...
SAMUEL, BARON DENIS DE – English financier; born 1782; died in London 1860. He came of a Polish family, and counted among his ancestors several eminent rabbis. Samuel was a nativeof England; but early in life he established himself in business at Rio de...
SAMUEL, HAEEM – Indian communal worker; born at Alibag, near Bombay, in 1830; educated at the Robert Money School in Bombay. Samuel entered the service of the government in 1851, and was promoted to be second assistant to the inspector-general...
SAMUEL, HARRY SIMON – English politician; born Aug. 31, 1853; son of Horatio S. Samuel by his marriage with Henrietta Montefiore. He was educated at Eastbourne College and St. John's College, Cambridge (B.A. 1875). Samuel is a freeman of the city of...
SAMUEL, HERBERT – English politician; born in London 1870; youngest son of Edwin L. Samuel, and nephew of Sir Samuel Montagu. He was educated at Balliol College, Oxford, where he took first class honors in history and the degree of M.A. in 1897....
SAMUEL, ISAAC – English ḥazzan; born in London March 9, 1833. He was appointed minister of the Bristol congregation in 1860, and became the senior ḥazzan of the Bayswater Synagogue in 1864. He has acted as honorary secretary of the Jews' Deaf...
SAMUEL BEN KALONYMUS HE-ḤASID OF SPEYER – Tosafist, liturgical poet, and philosopher of the twelfth century; surnamed also "the Prophet" (Solomon Luria, Responsa, No. 29). He seems to have lived in Spain and in France. He is quoted in the tosafot to Yebamot (6lb) and...
SAMUEL BEN KALONYMUS HA-ḤAZZAN – Leader of the congregation at Erfurt in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. He is sometimes, but erroneously, referred to as Samuel de Aphota Dicti Dovlin. He wrote a number of piyyuṭim, including five for Sabbath weddings,...