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Joseph Jacobs, B.A.

Formerly President of the Jewish Historical Society of England; Corresponding Member of the Royal Academy of History, Madrid; New York City.

Contributions:
SAMUEL, SIR MARCUS, Bart. – English financier and lord mayor of London; born in London 1853; son of Marcus Samuel and senior partner of the shipping firm of Samuel, Samuel & Co. of Yokohama, a house of the highest standing in Japan and entrusted with the...
SAMUEL, MOSES – English author; born in London 1795; died at Liverpool 1860. He acquired considerable reputation as a Hebrew scholar and an authority on rabbinical literature. While at Liverpool he published an "Address to the Missionaries of...
SAMUEL BEN MOSES – Russian cabalist; lived at Swislotz, government of Grodno, in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. He was the author of "Shem Shemu'el," containing cabalistic interpretations of the Pentateuch and giving cabalistic reasons...
SAMUEL HA-NAGID (SAMUEL HALEVIBEN JOSEPH IBN NAGDELA) – Spanish statesman, grammarian, poet, and Talmudist; born at Cordova 993; died at Granada 1055. His father, who was a native of Merida, gave him a thorough education. Samuel studied rabbinical literature under Enoch, Hebrew...
SAMUEL HA-NAḲDAN – Masorite and grammarian of the twelfth century. A grammatical work of his entitled "Deyaḳut" is extant in the Royal Library at Berlin. It deals with various grammatical points and with the accents. According to Steinschneider,...
SAMUEL HA-NASI – Exilarch in Bagdad, probably between 773 and 816. Until recently his existence was known only from a difficult passage in a manuscript, part of which is printed in the "Maẓref la-Ḥokmah." This states that the pious had taken the...
SAMUEL, SAMPSON – Solicitor and secretary to the London Board of Deputies; born in 1804; died in London Nov. 10, 1868. He began life on the Stock Exchange, but after some time resigned his membership and entered the legal profession. He became...
SAMUEL, SIR SAUL, Bart. – Australian statesman; born in London, England, Nov. 2, 1820; died there Aug. 29, 1900. In 1832 he emigrated with relatives to New South Wales. He entered Sydney College, and afterward engaged in mining and commercial pursuits....
SAMUEL BEN SOLOMON NASI OF CARCASSONNE – French scholar of the thirteenth century. He was the author of a commentary on the "Moreh Nebukim," which is still extant in manuscript in the Library of the Neophytes at Rome. Gross identifies Samuel Nasi with Samuel Sekili,...
SAMUEL, SYDNEY MONTAGU – English author and communal worker; born in London June 21, 1848; died June, 1884; educated at University College, London. For upward of fifteen years Samuel threw himself into communal work with much zeal and earnestness. In...
SAMUEL AND YATES – Names of two families which led the congregation of Liverpool, England, in the early part of the nineteenth century. They trace their descent on the one side to one Ralph Samuel, who was born probably at Strelitz, possibly at...
SAMUEL ẒARFATI – Court physician to the popes Alexander VI. and Julius II.; died about 1519. The name "Ẓarfati" indicates that Samuel was a native of France, and as he was probably from southern France he is called by Burchard "the Spanish...
SAMUELSON, SIR BERNHARD – English merchant and politician; born at Liverpool Nov. 22, 1820; died May 10, 1905. After serving an apprenticeship in a general merchant's office in Liverpool (1835-41), he was placed in charge of the Continental transactions...
SANBALLAT – One of the chief opponents of Nehemiah when he was building the walls of Jerusalem and carrying out his reforms among the Jews. "Sanballat," according to Sayce (in Hastings, "Dict. Bible," s.v.), is connected with the Assyrian...
SANDALS – Biblical Data: In the warm countries of the East shoes are not such an indispensable part of clothing as in the colder northern countries. Still, people do not go barefoot in mountainous Palestine, especially during the damp...
SANTAREM – City of Portugal. Even before its conquest by the Portuguese in 1140, it possessed a Jewry, situated near the Church of S. Ildefonso. It is now more than two centuries since this ceased to exist. The synagogue of Santarem was...
SANTOB (SHEM-ṬOB) DE CARRION – Spanish poet; born toward the end of the thirteenth century at Carrion de los Condes, a town in Castile, whence his cognomen. He lived in the reigns of Alfonso XI. and his son and successor Pedro, with both of whom he was in...
SAPPHIRE – A highly prized sky-blue precious stone, frequently mentioned in the Old Testament and Apocrypha (Ex. xxiv. 10, xxviii. 18, xxxix. 11; Job xxviii. 6, 16; Cant. v. 14; Lam. iv. 7; Isa. liv. 11; Ezek. i. 26, x. 1, xxviii. 13;...
SASSOON – Family claiming to trace its descent from the Ibn Shoshans of Spain. The earliest member to attain distinction was David Sassoon of Bombay.Pedigree of the Sassoon Family. Sir Albert Abdallah David Sassoon, Bart.: Anglo-Indian...
SASSOON – Family claiming to trace its descent from the Ibn Shoshans of Spain. The earliest member to attain distinction was David Sassoon of Bombay.Pedigree of the Sassoon Family. Sir Albert Abdallah David Sassoon, Bart.: Anglo-Indian...
SASSOON – Family claiming to trace its descent from the Ibn Shoshans of Spain. The earliest member to attain distinction was David Sassoon of Bombay.Pedigree of the Sassoon Family. Sir Albert Abdallah David Sassoon, Bart.: Anglo-Indian...
SASSOON – Family claiming to trace its descent from the Ibn Shoshans of Spain. The earliest member to attain distinction was David Sassoon of Bombay.Pedigree of the Sassoon Family. Sir Albert Abdallah David Sassoon, Bart.: Anglo-Indian...
SASSOON – Family claiming to trace its descent from the Ibn Shoshans of Spain. The earliest member to attain distinction was David Sassoon of Bombay.Pedigree of the Sassoon Family. Sir Albert Abdallah David Sassoon, Bart.: Anglo-Indian...
SARAH (SARAI) – Biblical Data: Wife of Abraham, who for a long period remained childless (Gen. xi. 29-30). She accompanied her husband from Haran to Canaan (ib. xii. 5). Driven by famine to take refuge in Egypt, Abraham, fearing that her beauty...
SARDINIA – Under the Romans. An island in the Mediterranean, about 140 miles from the west coast of Italy, between 8° 4′ and 9° 49′ E. long., and between 38° 55′ and 41° 16′ N. lat. The settlement of Jews in various parts of the island...