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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Joseph Jacobs, B.A.

Formerly President of the Jewish Historical Society of England; Corresponding Member of the Royal Academy of History, Madrid; New York City.

Contributions:
SINDBAD – Collection of tales on the wiles of women, the enveloping action of which deals with the attempt of a step-mother on the life of an Indian prince. His seven masters defer the evil day of his execution by telling tales of the...
SINGAPORE – Capital and seaport of the British dependency of Singapore. Jews commenced to settle in Singapore in 1840. For a number of years their services were held in a rented house near the business quarter, in a street since known as...
SIPPURIM (MA'ASIYYOT), ḤASIDIC – Stories, legends, or tales related by, or of, the Ḥasidic "rebbes" (rabbis)—the "ẓaddiḳim," or "ḳedoshim," as they are sometimes called; or, in Judæo-German, the "gute Yiden." These sippurim are to be distinguished from those...
SOLOMON, SIMEON – English painter; born at Bristol 1834; died at London March 15, 1905; brother of Abraham Solomon. He early showed signs of artistic ability, and came under the influence of D. G. Rossetti. His drawings and paintings carry to an...
SISERA – General of the army of King Jabin of Hazor. According to Judges iv. 9 et seq., he invaded the northern part of Judea in the time of Deborah, the prophetess and judge. Upon Deborah's order Barak took 10,000 men and went out to...
SISTERHOODS OF PERSONAL SERVICE – Associations of female charity-workers who devote time to the care of the needy and the distressed. A sermon delivered by Dr. Gustav Gottheil in 1887, in Temple Emanu-El, New York city, was the direct cause of the founding of a...
SLAVE-TRADE – Trading in slaves was permitted by all ancient and medieval legislations; even Christian Europe allowed it down to the thirteenth century. At an early stage traffic in Jewish slaves was forbidden to Jews, but there appears to...
SLOMAN, CHARLES – English composer, and singer of comic songs; born about 1808; died in London July 21, 1870. He composed "Sacred Strains and Hymns" (London, 1860), and a number of songs, among which may be mentioned "Charming Sue," "Daughter of...
SLOMAN, HENRY – English actor; born in Rochester, England, 1793; died there Aug., 1873. He was a favorite comedian during Glossop's management of the Coburg Theatre, and he gained celebrity in the character of Watty Wagstaff in "Edward the...
SNOWMAN, ISAAC – English artist; born in London 1874; educated at the City of London School. In 1890 he entered the Royal Academy School, where he gained a free medal, and afterward a scholarship in the Institution of British Artists. He joined...
SOCIALISM – Theory of civil polity which advocates public collective ownership, production, and distribution. Jews have been prominently identified with the modern Socialist movement from its very inception. The small circle of the first...
SOCIETIES, LEARNED – Nearly every Jewish community possessed, or still possesses, various societies aiming to propagate Jewish learning. There have been societies for the study of the Tahmud ("ḥebrah shas"), of the Mishnah ("ḥebrah mishnayot"), and...
SOEIRA, SAMUEL ABRAVANEL – Son of Manasseh ben Israel (Abravanel Soeira being the maiden name of Manasseh's wife); born in Amsterdam 1625; died in London Sept., 1657. In l654, in behalf of his father, he accompanied his uncle Manuel Martinez Dormido to...
SOLA, DE – Sephardic family. According to family tradition, its earliest known members lived in Toledo and Navarre in the eighth and ninth centuries. After having risen to high distinction in Navarre, largely through the merits of one of...
SOLA, DE – Sephardic family. According to family tradition, its earliest known members lived in Toledo and Navarre in the eighth and ninth centuries. After having risen to high distinction in Navarre, largely through the merits of one of...
SOLA, DE – Sephardic family. According to family tradition, its earliest known members lived in Toledo and Navarre in the eighth and ninth centuries. After having risen to high distinction in Navarre, largely through the merits of one of...
SOLA, DE – Sephardic family. According to family tradition, its earliest known members lived in Toledo and Navarre in the eighth and ninth centuries. After having risen to high distinction in Navarre, largely through the merits of one of...
SOLA, DE – Sephardic family. According to family tradition, its earliest known members lived in Toledo and Navarre in the eighth and ninth centuries. After having risen to high distinction in Navarre, largely through the merits of one of...
SOLIS – Spanish and Portuguese family of crypto-Jews, some of whom were inquisitors, while others were victims of the Inquisition. Those who made good their escape to the Netherlands, France, and England openly professed Judaism. In the...
SOLOMON, SEAL OF – The legend that Solomon possessed a seal ring on which the name of God was engraved and by means of which he controlled the demons is related at length in Giṭ. 68a, b. This legend is especially developed by Arabic writers, who...
SOLOMON, ABRAHAM – English artist; born in London May, 1824; died at Biarritz in 1862. At the age of eighteen he was admitted as a student to the school of the Royal Academy, where he gained a medal for drawing from the antique. From 1843 to the...
SOLOMON, EDWARD – English musician and composer; born in London 1856; died there Jan. 22, 1895. Solomon, who was largely a self-taught musician, gained considerable reputation as a composer of light opera; he possessed the gift of creating...
SOUTH AFRICA – Jewish concern with South Africa began, indirectly, some time before the discovery of the Cape of Good Hope, by the participation of certain astronomers and cartographers in the Portuguese discovery of the sea-route to lndia....
SOLOMON THE EXILARCH – 1. Eldest son of the exilarch Ḥasdai; ruled from 730 to 761. In consequence of a dearth of teachers, he found it necessary to install as head of the Academy of Sura a scholar from Pumbedita, though this was contrary to...
SOLOMON, HENRY NAPHTALI – English Hebraist and educationist; born in London 1796; died there Nov. 12, 1881. He was a son of R. Moses Eliezer Solomon, who kept a school at Brixton, where Henry Solomon received his education. Solomon was head master of the...