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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Joseph Jacobs, B.A.

Formerly President of the Jewish Historical Society of England; Corresponding Member of the Royal Academy of History, Madrid; New York City.

Contributions:
SOUTH CAROLINA – One of the thirteen original states of the United States. Most of the events relating to Jews occurring in this state have been connected with the town of Charleston, and will be found treated under that caption. It is only...
SOLOMON BEN JUDAH HA-BABLI – Liturgist of the tenth century. In spite of the epithet "ha-Babli," given him by Rashi (commentary on Ex. xxvi. 15; "Ha-Pardes," p. 43d) and others, he was not a native of any Mohammedan country. Rapoport ("Teshubot ha-Geonim,"...
SOUTH AND CENTRAL AMERICA – Certain portions of the American continent which were first colonized by the Spaniards and Portuguese, and which still remain Spanish- and Portuguese-speaking. As regards the period during which these countries were under...
SOLOMON AND MARCOLF – Medieval tale, or romance, describing the adventures and conversations of Solomon and one Marcolf, or Marolf. The adventures have some connection with those of Ashmedai, while the conversations consist chiefly of riddles similar...
SOLOMON BEN MAZZAL ṬOB – Turkish Hebrew poet and corrector for the press or, perhaps, printer; flourished at Constantinople in the first half of the sixteenth century. He was active in Hebrew printing from 1513 to 1549, as appears from the following...
SOLOMON, MICHAEL – British merchant and politician; born in England 1818; died in Jamaica May 5, 1892. He emigrated to Jamaica at the age of twelve, and eventually became the head of the firm of Bravo Brothers. He spent over sixty years of his...
SOLOMON, MYER – Founder of the St. Alban's Place Synagogue, London; born in the last quarter of the eighteenth century; died Dec. 31, 1840. He was appointed head of the Denmark Court Congregation in 1824, and took a prominent part in founding...
SOLOMON, PHILIP S. – Attorney-general of Fiji; born at Lee, Essex, England, Oct. 15, 1830; died in New South Wales March 24, 1895. Early in life he went to Australia, and later to New Zealand, finally settling in Fiji. He arrived there in 1870, and...
SOLOMON DE SABALDUCCHIO – Physician; flourished in Perugia, Italy, in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. Pope Boniface IX., shortly after his accession, appointed Solomon his body-physician (Oct. 13, 1392). The bull which this pope issued on April...
SOLOMON, SAMUEL – English quack; born in 1780; died in London 1818. He flourished in Liverpool and was an original and somewhat eccentric character who became widely known as the inventor and patentee of an empiric preparation called "Balm of...
SOLOMON, SOLOMON JOSEPH – English painter; born in London Sept. 16, 1860. He received his artistic training at Heatherly's, at the schools of the Royal Academy, at the Academy of Munich, and at the Ecole des Beaux Arts, Paris, where he studied under...
SOLOMON, VABIAN L. – Premier of South Australia; born about 1849; son of Judah Moss Solomon. Early in life Solomon went to the Northern Territory, where he engaged in business, was elected mayor of the chief town, and became connected with the...
SOLOMONS, LEVY – One of the founders of the Canadian Jewish community; born early in the eighteenth century; died May 18, 1792. He settled in Montreal almost immediately after the British conquest. Before going to Canada he had lived in Albany,...
SOMEKH, ABDALLAH ABRAHAM JOSEPH – Rabbi of Bagdad; born in that city 1813; died there 1889. He was educated by Rabbis Jacob Joseph ha-Rofe and Moses Ḥayyim, the latter of whom held the office of ab bet din. Somekh, who was looked upon as the spiritual head of...
SOSA (SOSSA, SOUSA), DE – Envoy of King John III. of Portugal to the court of Pope Paul III. (1534-50). While he was at Rome the Maranos, seeking relief from the severity of the Inquisition, urged the pope to send a papal nuncio to Portugal in their...
SOSA, MARTIN ALFONSO DE – Portuguese envoy at and governor of Goa, in the middle of the sixteenth century. In Cranganore, sixteen miles from Cochin, which at that time had a large Jewish community, he discovered several bronze tablets with ancient...
SOSA, SIMON DE – One of the wealthiest Maranos in Portugal in the middle of the seventeenth century. He was one of the conspirators, led by the Archbishop of Braga, who intended to burn the royal palaces, murder King John IV., and abduct the...
SPAIN – Early Settlement. Jews lived in Spain in very early times, although the legend that Solomon's treasurer Adoniram died there, as well as the story that the Jews of Toledo, in a letter addressed to the Sanhedrin at Jerusalem,...
SPEYER – The Jewish Quarter. Bishopric of Rhenish Bavaria. The first mention of a Jewish community in Speyer occurs during the episcopate of Bishop Rüdiger, who officiated from 1073 to 1090. He admitted several Jewish refugees, and...
SWITZERLAND – Early Settlers. Republic of central Europe. Jews were living at Basel as early as 1213, and ten years later the church chattels were pawned with them. There were Jews at Bern in 1259, at St. Gall in 1268, at Zurich in 1273, and...
SPIELMANN, SIR ISIDORE – English engineer and communal worker; born in London July 21, 1854. He was trained as an engineer, but developed great interest in matters relating to art, and in 1887 he suggested the idea of the Anglo-Jewish Historical...
SPIELMANN, MARION H. – English author and art critic; born in London May 22, 1858; educated at University College School and University College, London. He began his training as art critic on the "Pall Mall Gazette" (1883-90), for which he wrote...
SPINOZA, BARUCH (BENEDICT DE SPINOZA) – Dutch philospher and Biblical critic; born at Amsterdam Nov. 24, 1632; died at The Hague Feb. 21, 1677. The family name is derived from the town of Espinosa, in Leon, not far from the city of Burgos. Baruch's grandfather,...
STATISTICS – As referring to Jews, statistics deal mainly with populations, their ages and distribution, Migration, Morbidity, Mortality, Occupations, Criminality, Births, and Marriages. Most of these topics have already been treated in...
STATURE – Jews Compared with Non-Jews. Natural height of man. The stature of the Jews is a racial characteristic which has been thoroughly investigated in various countries. Besides numerous anthropological works, many of the...