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Jacob Zallel Lauterbach, Ph.D.

(Office Editor), Rabbi, Congregation Agudat Achim, Peoria, Ill.

Contributions:
SIMEON SHEZURI – Tanna of the second generation and pupil of R. Ṭarfon (Men. 31a; Tosef., Demai, v. 22). He was called "Shezuri" after his native place, Shizur, which is probably identical with Saijur, west of Kafr 'Anan (comp. Neubauer, "G. T."...
SIMEON OF SHIḲMONA – Tanna of the second generation and pupil of Akiba. He was anative of Shiḳmona, a locality in the vicinity of Mt. Carmel (see Neubauer, "G. T." p. 197). Only three sentences of his, exegetic ones, have been preserved. They were...
SIMEON B. ṬARFON – Tanna of the second generation. Four exegetic sentences by him have been preserved: (1) "Ex. xxii. 11, 'Then shall an oath of the Lord be between them,' means that the person taking the oath and the one who causes him to do so...
SIMEON OF TEMAN – Tanna of the second generation. He disputed with R. Akiba on a halakic sentence deduced from Ex. xxi. 18 (Tosef., Sanh. xii. 3; B. Ḳ. 90b). He was in collegial relations with R. Judah b. Baba (Beẓah 21a; Tosef., Beẓah, ii. 6)....
SIMEON B. YANNAI – Palestinian amora of the third century. He transmits a halakic saying of his father's which he had received from his sister, who had heard it uttered (Yer. Shab. 14b, 15d). Some of Simeon's haggadic explanations of Scriptural...
SIMEON B. ZABDAI (ZEBID) – Palestinian amora of the third century; teacher of the son of Assi (Yer. Shab. 9a). A few of his interpretations of Scriptural passages have been preserved. Referring to II Chron. xxx., he assigns as the reason for the postponed...
SIMḤAH B. ISAAC B. KALONYMUS HA-KOHEN – One of the Worms Jews who were killed by the pilgrims of the First Crusade on May 25, 1096. When his father, Mar Isaac, and his seven brothers had been slain by the Crusaders, Simḥah declared he would not die without having...
SIMḤAH B. SAMUEL OF SPEYER – German tosafist of the thirteenth century. Neither the year of his birth nor that of his death is known. He took part in the rabbinical synod held at Mayence in Tammuz (July), 1223, being one of the signers of the decrees and...
SIMḤAH B. SAMUEL OF VITRY – Compiles the Vitry Maḥzor. French Talmudist of the eleventh and twelfth centuries; died in 1105. He was a pupil of Rashi and the compiler of the Vitry Maḥzor ( ), which contains decisions and rules concerning religious practise,...
SIMUNA (SEMONA) – Sabora of the second generation (Halevy, "Dorot ha-Rishonim," iii. 26); principal of the Academy of Pumbedita (520-540) while R. 'Ena was filling a similar position at Sura. According to Grätz, these two scholars committed the...
SINAITIC COMMANDMENTS – Halakot designated in the Mishnah and the Talmudim as "halakot le-Mosheh mi-Sinai," i.e., as having been transmitted from Moses on Mt. Sinai. There are, however, many halakot so designated which did not originate with Moses and...
SOLOMON SHALEM B. ḤAYYIM JEHIEL COHEN – Rabbi in the second half of the eighteenth century; died at Amsterdam 1781. He resided successively at Adrianople, Bologna, Sofia, and Amsterdam, in which last-named city he officiated as rabbi of the Portuguese community. He...
SOṬAH – Treatise in the Mishnah, Tosefta, and Babylonian and Palestinian Talmuds, devoted in the main to an exact definition of the rules of procedure in the case of a wife either actually or supposedly unfaithful (Num. v. 11-31). In...
SUKKAH – Treatise in the Mishnah, the Tosefta, and both Talmudim, dealing chiefly with the regulations regarding the Feast of Tabernacles (Lev. xxiii. 34-36; Num. xxix. 12 et seq.; Deut. xvi. 13-16). In most of the editions it is the...
TA'ANIT – Treatise in the Mishnah, Tosefta, and both Talmuds, devoted chiefly to the fast-days, the practises peculiar to them, and the prayers which must be said thereon. In most editions this treatise is the ninth in the mishnaic order...
TALMUD HERMENEUTICS – Classes of Rules. The science which defines the rules and methods for the investigation and exact determination of the meaning of the Scriptures, both legal and historical. Since the Halakah, however, is regarded simply as an...
TAMAR – 1.—Biblical Data: Daughter-in-law of Judah. After the death of her husband, Er, she married his brother Onan; but when he also died, Judah sent her back to her father's house, fearing to let her marry his third son, Shelah. When...
TAMID – Treatise in the Mishnah and the Babylonian Gemara; devoted chiefly to the regulations regarding the morning and evening burnt offerings (comp. Ex. xxix. 38-42; Num. xxviii. 3-8), but dealing also with other ceremonies in the...
TANḤUM B. ḤIYYA – Palestinian amora of the third century; a pupil of Simeon b. Pazzi, whose sayings he transmits. In the Babylonian Talmud he is constantly referred to as R. Tanḥum b. Ḥiyya of Kefar 'Akko (M. Ḳ. 25b; Yeb. 45a), of which place he...
TANḤUMA B. ABBA – Palestinian amora of the fifth generation; one of the foremost haggadists of his time. He was a pupil of Ḥuna b. Abin (Num. R. iii.; Gen. R. xli.), from whom he transmits ha-lakic (Yer. Ḥal. 57d; Shab. 10c) as well as haggadic...
TANḤUMA, MIDRASH – Three Midrashim. Name given to three different collections of Pentateuch haggadot; two are extant, while the third is known only through citations. These midrashim, although bearing the name of R. Tanḥuma, must not be regarded...
TANḤUMA B. SKOLASTIḲAI – Palestinian teacher of the Law. His period is not known, but according to a conjecture (see "'Aruk," s.v. "Askolastika") he was the son of that Joshua b. Hananiah who in Gen. R. lxiv. 10 is called "Askolastikus." Tanḥuma is...
TANḤUMA B. SKOLASTIḲAI – Palestinian teacher of the Law. His period is not known, but according to a conjecture (see "'Aruk," s.v. "Askolastika") he was the son of that Joshua b. Hananiah who in Gen. R. lxiv. 10 is called "Askolastikus." Tanḥuma is...
TANNAIM AND AMORAIM – The Name. The name "tanna" is derived from the Aramaic "teni" or "tena" (="to teach"), and designates in general a teacher of the oral law, and in particular one of the sages of the Mishnah, those teachers of the oral law whose...
TANNAIM AND AMORAIM – The Name. The name "tanna" is derived from the Aramaic "teni" or "tena" (="to teach"), and designates in general a teacher of the oral law, and in particular one of the sages of the Mishnah, those teachers of the oral law whose...