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Jacob Zallel Lauterbach, Ph.D.

(Office Editor), Rabbi, Congregation Agudat Achim, Peoria, Ill.

Contributions:
MOSES BEN JOSEPH HA-KOHEN – Liturgical poet of the latter part of the twelfth century; perhaps the Moses ben Joseph who aided the oppressed Jews in the Rhenish provinces in 1196. He wrote a seliḥah entitled "Arba'ah Abot Neziḳin," in which the four...
MOSES B. JOSEPH OF ROME – Liturgical poet and rabbinical authority of the thirteenth century. One of his liturgical poems has been included in the German ritual.Bibliography: Zunz, Literaturgesch. p. 346; Berliner, Gesch. der Juden in Rom, i. 39.S. J. Z....
MOSES HA-LEVI ALḲABIẒ – Prominent rabbi of the first half of the sixteenth century; father of Solomon Alḳabiẓ. About 1530 he officiated as dayyan at Safed. He seems also to have studied the Cabala, since Isaac ibn Shoshan of Safed wrote a cabalistic...
MOSES BEN MAIMON – Traditional Portrait of Moses ben Maimon, with Autograph.Talmudist, philosopher, astronomer, and physician; born at Cordova March 30, 1135; died at Cairo Dec. 13, 1204; known in Arabic literature as Abu 'Imran Musa ben Maimun...
MOSES NATHAN BEN JUDAH – Liturgical poet of the fourteenth century; perhaps identical with the Catalonian parnas Moses Nathan, who was still living in 1354. His liturgical poems have been included in the maḥzorim of Avignon and Africa.Bibliography:...
MOSES B. SHEMAIAH – Scholar and preacher in the latter part of the seventeenth century. He was the author of a commentary on the Pentateuch, containing also notes on Rashi's commentary and entitled "Wa-Yiktab Mosheh" (Frankfort-on-the-Oder, 1694),...
MOSES BEN SIMḤAH OF LUTSK – Karaite scholar of the first half of the eighteenth century; father of Simḥah Isaac, author of the "Oraḥ Ẓaddiḳim." Moses of Lutsk wrote a work entitled "Torat Mosheh"; it is divided into four parts and contains liturgical poems...
MOSES BEN YOM-ṬOB – English Masorite and grammarian. He is quoted by Moses ben Isaac as his teacher ("Sefer ha-Shoham," ed. Collins, p. 37), and is referred to in the Berlin manuscripts of his work as "Moses ben Yom-Ṭob of London." He wrote "Darke...
MOTAL, ABRAHAM BEN JACOB OF SALONICA – Turkish rabbi of the seventeenth century; born about 1568; died in 1658. He was a pupil of R. Samuel Ḥayyun, author of the responsa collection "Bene Shemuel," and probably of R. Solomon b. Abraham Kohen (MaHaRSHak) also. As the...
MOTAL, BENJAMIN B. ABRAHAM OF CONSTANTINOPLE – Turkish scholar of the first half of the seventeenth century. He is said to have been an exceptional grammarian and to have written certain grammatical works, of which, however, nothing has been preserved. He edited the...
NAḤMAN BAR ISAAC – Babylonian amora of the fifth generation; died in 356; like Raba, a pupil of R. Naḥman b. Jacob. While he was still young his halakic knowledge was known and esteemed; and he was chosen resh kallah (see Jew. Encyc. i. 146b, s.v....
NAḤMAN BAR JACOB – Babylonian amora of the third generation; died 320; pupil of Mar Samuel. He was chief justice of the Jews who were subject to the exilarch, and was also head of the school of Nehardea. On the destruction of that town, he...
NAHUM ELIEZER BEN JACOB – Rabbi of the second half of the seventeenth and the first half of the eighteenth century; born about 1660; diedabout 1746; pupil of R. Jacob Striemer. He was one of the leading rabbis of his time, and held the rabbinate of...
NAHUM OF GIMZO – Tanna of the second generation (first century). In the Talmud (Ta'an. 21a; Yer. Sheḳ. v. 15) he is called "ish gam zu" (the man of "gam zu"); and this name is explained as referring to Nahum's motto. It is said that on every...
NAHUM BEN SIMAI – Palestinian amora of the third century; a son of the tanna Simai. He is cited as "Menahem" in Pes. 104a and in M. Ḳ. 25b. Nahum was called "the most holy man" (Yer. Meg. i. 72b; Yer. 'Ab. Zarah iii. 42c) and "the son of the...
NARESH – City in Babylonia, situated near Sura (Letter of Sherira Gaon, in Neubauer, "M. J. C." i. 32) on a canal (B. M. 93b). It may be identical with the city of Nahras or Nahar Sar on the Tigris (Ritter, "Erdkunde," x. 191), and is...
NAZIR – A treatise of the Mishnah and the Tosefta and in both Talmuds, devoted chiefly to a discussion of the laws laid down in Num. vi. 1-21. In the Tosefta its title is Nezirut ("Nazariteship"). In most of the editions of the Mishnah...
NAZIR, ISAAC – One of the earliest cabalists. According to an account which is not altogether trustworthy, he was the real founder of cabalistic science; its secrets are said to have been revealed to him in a vision by the prophet Elijah....
NEDARIM – A treatise in the Mishnah, Tosefta, and both Talmuds, devoted chiefly to a discussion of the regulations contained in Num. xxx. 2-17. The place assigned to this treatise in the mishnaic order of Seder Nashim differs in the...
NEGA'IM – A treatise of the order Ṭohorot in the Mishnah and the Tosefta, which treats of the rules concerning leprosy and the infection of clothing and dwellings (Lev. xiii., xiv.). In most editions it is the fourth treatise of the...
NEHEMIAH OF BETH-HORON – Amora of the first generation; lived in the third century at Beth-horon, a small town northwest of Jerusalem. In the different sources he has various names, being called either "Neḥunya [his correct name; Suk. 44a] from the...
NEHEMIAH BEN KOHEN ẒEDEḲ – Gaon of Pumbedita from 960 to 968. While his predecessor, Aaron b. Sargado, was still in office, Nehemiah tried to have him removed; but the college insisted on retaining him, as he was in every respect superior to his opponent....
NESEK – Wine consecrated to use in idolatrous worship and therefore absolutely forbidden to a Jew. In a broader sense "nesek," or "yayin nesek," denotes wine made and used by Gentiles as well as wine made by and for Jews but which has...
NEZIḲIN – Order of the Mishnah and the Tosefta, in both the Babylonian and the Jerusalem Talmud. The name "Neziḳin," which occurs in the Talmud itself (Ber. 20a; Ta'an. 24a, b), is applied to this order because several of the treatises...
NIDDAH – State of Uncleanness. A treatise in the Mishnah, Tosefta, and both Talmuds. In the Mishnah it stands seventh in the order Ṭohorot, but in the editions of the Talmud first, and is divided into ten chapters, containing...