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Jacob Zallel Lauterbach, Ph.D.

(Office Editor), Rabbi, Congregation Agudat Achim, Peoria, Ill.

Contributions:
REISCHER, JACOB B. JOSEPH – Austrian rabbi; born at Prague; died at Metz Feb. 1733. He was the son of R. Joseph, author of "Gib'ot 'Olam," and a pupil of R. Simon Spira of Prague, who gave him in marriage the daughter of his son Benjamin Wolf. Reischer was...
REUBEN – Biblical Data: Eldest son of Jacob (Gen. xlvi. 8, xlix. 9) by Leah (ib. xxix. 32), to whom he once carried mandrakes which he had found in a field during the wheat harvest (ib. xxx. 14). He wronged his father by his conduct with...
REUBEN – Biblical Data: Eldest son of Jacob (Gen. xlvi. 8, xlix. 9) by Leah (ib. xxix. 32), to whom he once carried mandrakes which he had found in a field during the wheat harvest (ib. xxx. 14). He wronged his father by his conduct with...
RIBLAH – Town in the country of Hamath. It is now an insignificant hamlet, known as Riblah, in the Baḳa'ah, the broad valley between the two ranges of Lebanon and Hermon, and on the eastern shore of Nahr el-'Aṣi (Orontes), thirty-five...
RISHONIM – Name applied to the authorities who lived before the one who quotes them. The designation is found in the Talmud, where it is generally used in the sense of "predecessor," or "ancestor" (Shab. 112b; Ber. 20a; Tamid 28a). In...
ROMANER, BENJAMIN ZEEB WOLF BEN SAMUEL – Rabbi and preacher in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. He officiated as darshan in Semigrod, and later in Dessau, and in his old age lived at Metz.Romaner was the author of "'Ir Binyamin," awork in two parts on the...
ROSELLO (RUSCELLI), MORDECAI RAPHAEL BEN JACOB – Scholar and liturgical poet of the first half of the sixteenth century; born in Barcelona, where his family occupied a prominent position. In the course of his travels he reached Naples, and when in 1541 the Jews were expelled...
RULES OF ELIEZER B. JOSE HA-GELILI, THE THIRTY-TWO – Rules laid down by R. Eliezer b. Jose ha-Gelili for haggadic exegesis, many of them being applied also to halakic interpretation.1. Ribbuy (extension): The particles 'et," "gam," and "af," which are superfluous, indicate that...
RULES OF HILLEL, THE SEVEN – Rules given to the sons of Bathyra by Hillel I. as the chief guides for the interpretation of the Scriptures and for the deduction of laws from them (Tosef., Sanh. vii.; the introduction to the Sifra, ed. Weiss, p. 3a, end; Ab....
RULES OF R. ISHMAEL, THE THIRTEEN – Thirteen rules compiled by Rabbi Ishmael b. Elisha for the elucidation of the Torah and for making halakic deductions from it. They are, strictly speaking, mere amplifications of the seven Rules of Hillel, and are collected in...
RUMSCH, ISAAC MOSES – Russian teacher and Hebrew author; born in the village of Zezemer, government of Wilna, April 6, 1822; died in 1894. At the age of nine he went to Wilna, where he studied the Talmud in the yeshibah of his brother Joseph Rumsch,...
SACRIFICE – The act of offering to a deity for the purpose of doing homage, winning favor, or securing pardon; that which is offered or consecrated. The late generic term for "sacrifice" in Hebrew is , the verb being , used in connection...
SAMA B. RABBA – Babylonian amora; last head of the Pumbedita Academy. He was the successor of Raḥumai II., and officiated for about twenty years (456-476). He was a contemporary of Mar b. Ashi and of Rabba Tusfa'ah. Tradition relates that, in...
SAMA B. RAḲTA – Babylonian amora of the sixth generation. He was a contemporary of Rabina I., with whom he disputed concerning a halakah (Ḳid. 9a), and to whom he communicated a saying of Rab Awia (B. M. 10b, the correct reading in...
SAMSON – Biblical Data: One of the judges of Israel, whose life and acts are recorded in Judges xiii.-xvi. At a period when Israel was under the oppression of the Philistines the angel of the Lord appeared to Manoah, a man of Dan, of the...
SAMUEL – Biblical Data: Samuel was the son of Elkanah and Hannah, of Ramathaim-zophim, in the hill-country of Ephraim (I Sam. i. 1). He was born while Eli was judge. Devoted to Yhwh in fulfilment of a vow made by his mother, who had long...
SAMUEL, MIDRASH TO – Midrash Shemu'el, a haggadic midrash on the books of Samuel, is quoted for the first time by Rashi in his commentary on I Sam. ii. 30. In his "Ha-Pardes" (ed. Constantinople, p. 24b) Rashi again quotes from this midrash (xvii....
SAMUEL B. ḤIYYA – Palestinian amora of the second half of the third century of the common era. None of his halakic or haggadic maxims has been preserved; and he is known only through his quotations of the Statements of others. He is twice...
SAMUEL HA-ḲAṬON – Tanna of the second generation; lived in the early part of the second century of the common era. His surname "ha-Ḳaṭon" (= "the younger") is explained by some as an epithet given him on account of his extreme modesty, while...
SAMUEL BEN NAṬRONAI – German tosafist of the second half of the twelfth century. He was the pupil and son-in-law of R. Eliezer b. Natan (RABaN), and brother-in-law of R. Joel b. Isaac ha-Levi. He is often cited by his father-in-law in his work "Eben...
SAMUEL BEN URI SHRAGA PHOEBUS – Polish rabbi and Talmudist of Woydyslaw in the second half of the seventeenth century. In his early youth he was a pupil of R. Heshel in Cracow, and on the latter's death he continued his studies under R. Heshel's successor, R....
SAMUEL YARḤINA'AH – His Birth. Babylonian amora of the first generation; son of Abba b. Abba; teacher of the Law, judge, physician, and astronomer; born about 165 at Nehardea, in Babylonia; died there about 257. As in the case of many other great...
SANHEDRIN – Hebrew-Aramaic term originally designating only the assembly at Jerusalem that constituted the highest political magistracy of the country. It was derived from the Greek συνέδριον. Josephus uses συνέδριον for the first time in...
SANHEDRIN – Name of a treatise of the Mishnah, Tosefta, and both Talmudim. It stands fourth in the order Neziḳin in most editions, and is divided into eleven chapters containing seventy-one paragraphs in all. It treats chiefly of courtsand...
SARAH (SARAI) – Biblical Data: Wife of Abraham, who for a long period remained childless (Gen. xi. 29-30). She accompanied her husband from Haran to Canaan (ib. xii. 5). Driven by famine to take refuge in Egypt, Abraham, fearing that her beauty...