JewishEncyclopedia.com

The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
- Phrase search: "names of god"
- Exclude terms: "names of god" -zerah
- Volume/Page: v9 p419
- Diacritics optional: Ḥanukkah or hanukkah
- Search by Author: altruism author:Hirsch
search tips & recommendations

Kaufmann Kohler, Ph.D.

Rabbi Emeritus of Temple Beth-El, New York; President of the Hebrew Union College, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Contributions:
HAMBURGER (HAMBURG), JACOB BEN MORDECAI WIENER – Chief rabbi of Prague; died Nov. 12, 1753. Hamburger was one of the rabbis who in 1725 signed the address to the Polish Jews warning them against the Shabbethaians. He was the author of a work entitled "Ḳol Ḳol Ya'aḳob,"...
HAMBURGER, WOLF (ABRAHAM BENJAMIN) – Talmudical scholar and head of the yeshibah in Fürth; born Jan. 26, 1770; died May 15, 1850. He was a contemporary of R. Moses Sofer, and is mentioned by the latter in his "Ḥatam Sofer." He wrote: (1) "Sha'ar ha-Zeḳenim," in two...
HAMMERSCHLAG, JOSEPH (NATHAN NAT'A ḤAZZAN BEN MOSES NAPHTALI HIRSCH) – Moravian cabalist; lived in the seventeenth century. He was the author of the following: "Or ha-Ganuz," commentary on part of the Zohar (begun in 1648); "Sefer Mo'ade ha-Shem," a treatise on the calendar, beginning with the year...
HANAN, ISAAC – Turkish rabbi; lived at Salonica about the middle of the eighteenth century. He was the author of a work called "Bene Yiẓḥaḳ," homilies and responsa (Salonica, 1757).Bibliography: Fürst, Bibl. Jud. i. 407 (where Hanan occurs as...
ḤANUKKAH – The Feast of Dedication, also called "Feast of the Maccabees," celebrated during eight days from the twenty-fifth day of Kislew (December), chiefly as a festival of lights. It was instituted by Judas Maccabeus, his brothers, and...
HAPPINESS – Biblical Data: Everywhere in the Old Testament the joyous and harmonious notes of life are accentuated. Life is synonymous with good and blessing. This predominant note of happiness was undoubtedly the outcome of faith and of a...
HAPPINESS – Biblical Data: Everywhere in the Old Testament the joyous and harmonious notes of life are accentuated. Life is synonymous with good and blessing. This predominant note of happiness was undoubtedly the outcome of faith and of a...
HARARI, JUDAH (ARYEH) – Liturgical poet; lived at Montpellier in the second half of the thirteenth century. He is highly praised by Abraham Bedersi in the poem entitled "Ḥereb ha-Mithappeket." Several of his piyyuṭim have been preserved in the ritual...
ḤARIF MOSES PHINEHAS BEN ISRAEL – Polish rabbi and author; died in Lemberg 1722. He was the grandson of Moses Ḥarif the Elder and the father of Israel and Hirsch Ḥarif, the latter of whom became rabbi of Yaborow, Galicia. In 1684 he occupied the position of...
ḤASAN BEN MASHIAḤ – Karaite teacher of the ninth or tenth century. According to Sahl ben Maẓliaḥ (see Pinsker, "Liḳḳuṭe Ḳadmoniyyot," p. 37), Ḥasan publicly disputed with Saadia, and after Saadia's death wrote against him. In opposition to this,...
ḤASDAI (ḤISDAI), ABU AL-FAḌL BEN JOSEPH IBN – Jewish convert to Islam; lived at Saragossa in the second half of the eleventh century. Ibn Abi 'Uṣaibia ("'Uyun al-Anba fi Ṭabaḳat al-Aṭibba") pompously calls him a descendant of the prophet Moses. He relates further that...
ḤASON, SOLOMON BEN AARON – Turkish rabbi of the sixteenth century. Of his works the following are known: "Bet Shelomoh," responsa, at the end of which are added some responsa by R. Daniel Estorza (Salonica, 1720); and "Mishpaṭim Yesharim," containing...
HATRED – Feeling of bitter hostility and antagonism toward others. It is intrinsically wrong when the good is hated, but it is proper to hate the evil. The Decalogue speaks of those that hate God (Ex. xx. 5; Deut. v. 9); so also Num. x....
HAUSEN, MOSES BEN ASHER ANSHEL – Danish Talmudic scholar: born at Copenhagen 1752; died June 28, 1782. He wrote a work entitled "Ḳaran Or Pene Mosheh," a homiletic commentary to Genesis (Hamburg, 1787). Zedner and Benjacob attribute the authorship of this work...
ḤAYYAṬ, JUDAH BEN JACOB – Spanish cabalist; lived in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Himself one of the exiles from Spain, he describes in vivid colors his sufferings and those of his brethren (preface to his "Minḥat Yehudah"). In the winter of...
ḤAYYIM BEN BEZALEEL – German Talmudist; died at Friedberg on the Shabu'ot festival, 1588. He was the eldest of the four sons of Bezaleel ben Ḥayyim, and spent his youth at Posen, the native city of the family. (comp. "Monatsschrift," xiii. 371). He...
ḤAYYIM, ELIJAH IBN – Rabbi of Constantinople, perhaps the immediate successor of Elijah. Mizraḥi; born about 1532; died in the beginning of the seventeenth century. In his responsa the date 1562 is mentioned; another responsum is dated 1601, and it...
ḤAYYIM MAL'AK – Polish Shabbethaian agitator; lived in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. According to Jacob Emden ("Torat ha-Ḳena'ot," p. 55), Ḥayyim was at first named "Mehallek" (the wanderer), because he traveled to Turkey to learn...
ḤAYYIM SHABBETHAI – Rabbi of Salonica; born about 1556; died 1647. After studying in the yeshibah of Salonica under Aaron Sason, Ḥayyim became a member of the bet din presided over by the latter. In 1607 he succeeded his former master as head of...
ḤAYYON, GEDALIAH – Turkish rabbi: pupil of Alfandari the Younger (see Azulai, "Shem ha-Gedolim," and Grätz, "Gesch." x. 360); born at Constantinople in the second half of the seventeenth century. He settled at Jerusalem; subsequently he traveled...
ḤAYYON, MOSES B. AARON – Rabbi of Jerusalem, later of Safed; flourished at the end of the seventeenth and the beginning of the eighteenth century. He was the colleague of Abraham Yiẓḥaḳi (comp. Grätz, "Gesch." x. 517, note 6) and the son-in-law of Jacob...
ḤAYYUN, AARON BEN DAVID – Cabalist; lived at Jerusalem in the seventeenth century. He, together with David Yiẓḥaḳi and Jacob Molko, was dayyan in the rabbinate of Moses Galante. A decision by Ḥayyun concerning the dispute between Mordecai ha-Levi, chief...
ḤAYYUN, NEHEMIAH ḤIYYA BEN MOSES – Excommunicated at Jerusalem. Bosnian cabalist; born about 1650; died about 1730. His parents, of Sephardic descent, lived in Sarajevo, Bosnia, where probably he was born, although in later life he pretended that he was a...
ḤAYYUT, ISAAC BEN JACOB – Polish rabbi; died at Skala, near Lemberg, Sept., 1726. He was descended from an old Provençal family which first settled in Bohemia, and was the grandson of R. Menahem Manesh Ḥayyut of Wilna. He became rabbi of Skala late in...
HAZKARAT NESHAMOT – Memorial service, held, according to the German ritual, after the readings of the Law and the Prophets in the morning service on the eighth day of Pesaḥ, the second of Pentecost, the eighth of Sukkot (Shemini 'Aẓeret), and the...