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Louis Ginzberg, Ph.D.

Professor of Talmud, Jewish Theological Seminary of America, New York City.

Contributions:
AARON'S ROD – Biblical Data: A rod which, in the hands of Aaron, the high priest, was endowed with miraculous power during the several plagues that preceded the Exodus. In this function the rod of Moses was equally potent. Upon two occasions,...
AARON – An amora mentioned twice in the Babylonian Talmud (B. Ḳ. 109b, Men. 74b). In both places he is represented as furnishing Rabina, head of the rabbinical academy at Sura from 488 to 499 and one of the editors of the Babylonian...
AARON ABRAHAM BEN BARUCH SIMEON HA-LEVI – A cabalist, born in the first quarter of the sixteenth century. He published a small cabalistic work, "Iggeret ha-Ṭe'amim" (Letter on the Accents), about the middle of the century, in which each accent and its specific name are...
AARON THE BOOKSELLER – Italian dealer in Hebrew and other ancient manuscripts; flourished at the beginning of the fourteenth century. He spent seven years in Toledo, searching successfully for Arabic and Hebrew books, and was able to circulate among...
AARON CUPINO – Talmudist and head of a yeshibah at Constantinople; flourished about the close of the seventeenth century. He was a pupil of Ḥayyim Shabbethai at Salonica, whence he afterward moved to Constantinople. Here he founded a Talmudic...
AARON BEN ELIEZER – German Talmudist, who flourished in the thirteenth century. That he was considered a great man at that time is proved by the actions of his contemporary, R. Meir ben Baruch of Rothenberg, acknowledged to be the greatest...
AARON BEN ELIEZER – A liturgical poet, who lived in Safed from the year 1545. He was the author of a collection of poems and prayers printed at Mantua in 1561, entitled "Sefer ha-Miẓnefet" (The Book of the Miter). His booklet treats chiefly of the...
AARON BEN ISAAC OF RECHNITZ – Author of a midrashic commentary on the Bible, the first portion of which (Genesis) was published in 1786 at Sulzbach under the title "Bet Aharon" (House of Aaron).Bibliography: Benjacob, Oẓar ha-Sefarim, p. 70; Wiener,...
AARON BEN ISAAC SASON – Author and Talmudist; born in Constantinople in 1629. He was a grandson of Aaron ben Joseph Sason, an eminent Talmudist, and cousin of Ḥayyim Benveniste, the famous scholar. Aaron Cupino, rabbi of Constantinople, was his teacher...
AARON BEN JOSEPH OF BEAUGENCY – French Bible commentator and rabbinical scholar, who flourished in the twelfth century at Beaugency, near Orleans. He was the contemporary of Rabbenu Tam (about 1110-75), with whom he maintained a scholarly
AARON BEN JOSEPH HA-LEVI – Talmudist and critic; a direct descendant of Zerahiah Ha-Levi, and probably, like him, a native of Gerona, Spain; flourished at the end of the thirteenth century; died before 1303. About the middle of the thirteenth century he...
AARON BEN JOSEPH SASON – Talmudic author; born toward the middle of the sixteenth century, probably at Salonica, where he received his rabbinical education under the supervision of Mordecai Matalon, an eminent scholar. During the last decades of the...
AARON HA-LEVI OF BARCELONA – The "Ḥinnuk." Spanish Talmudist of the end of the thirteenth century; author of the first book of religious instruction among the Jews of the Middle Ages. Though his work the "Sefer ha-Ḥinnuk" (Book of Education) was well known,...
AARON BEN MEIR OF BREST – Lithuanian rabbi; born about the beginning of the eighteenth century at Brest-Litovsk ( ), Russia; died there Nov. 3, 1777. He was a descendant of the family of Katzenellenbogen-Padua, and received his Talmudical instruction...
AARON BEN MENAHEM MENDEL – Russian rabbi, who flourished at the beginning of the nineteenth century. He wrote "Seyag la-Torah" (Fence to the Law), which was printed at Lemberg in 1810. This work contains references to all the passages of the Babylonian...
AARON BEN MORDECAI OF RÖDELHEIM – Translator, who flourished early in the eighteenth century. He translated the two Targums on Esther into Judæo-German in the early years of the eighteenth cen-tury; and the first edition, bearing the title "Meẓaḥ Aharon,"...
AARON MOSES BEN MORDECAI – One of the few cabalistic writers of recent times in East Prussia: author of a work, "Nishmat Shelomoh Mordecai" (The Soul of Solomon Mordecai; Johannisberg, 1852), so called in remembrance of his son, who died in early...
AARON BEN NATHAN NAṬA' OF TREBOWLA – Author; flourished about the middle of the eighteenth century. He published at Zolkiev, in 1755, "Shem Aharon" (Aaron's Name), a work containing halakic novellæ to the whole Talmud, and midrashic interpretations of the...
AARON OF NEUSTADT – Talmudist who with Shallum and Jaekel of Vienna formed a triumvirate of Talmudic scholars in Austria at the end of the fourteenth and beginning of the fifteenth century; uncle and chief instructor of Isserlein, who frequently...
AARON BEN PEREZ OF AVIGNON – French rabbi and scholar; born about the middle of the thirteenth century; died in the first quarter of the fourteenth century. He was one of the leading scholars of Argentière, Languedoc, France. With other influential members...
AARON BEN SAMUEL – Hebrew author; born about 1620; flourished in Germany during the latter half of the seventeenth century. He published his "Bet Aharon" (Aaron's House) at Frankfort-on-the-Oder in 1690, being at that time of advanced age. This...
AARON BEN SAMUEL HA-NASI – A personage who was considered until recently a fictitious creation of the Traditionists (Zunz) —those who, in their desire to find teachers and originators for everything, invented him in order to announce him as the father of...
AARON BEN SOLOMON BEN HASUN – Talmudist who flourished in Turkey at the beginning of the sixteenth century. He ranked high among the prominent Oriental Talmudic scholars of his time. Except some responsa, which may be found in the works of his pupils and...
AARON WORMS – Rabbinical Career. Chief rabbi of Metz and Talmudist; son of Abraham Aberle; born July 7, 1754, at Geislautern, a small village near Saarbrück (not at Kaiserslautern, as some writers assert); died at Metz, May 2, 1836. He came...
AARON BEN ZERAH – French Jew, who suffered martyrdom at Estella in Navarre, March 5, 1328. Banished from his original home in 1306 by order of King Philip the Fair, of France, who confiscated his property, he sought refuge at Estella, where,...