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Louis Ginzberg, Ph.D.

Professor of Talmud, Jewish Theological Seminary of America, New York City.

Contributions:
BARUCH, BARUCH B. MOSES IBN – Italian philosopher, Talmudist, and Bible commentator; lived at the end of the sixteenth century. He belonged to the old noble Spanish family of Baruch, also called "Bet Ya'aḳob" (introduction to his work mentioned below, 8d)....
BARUCH B. DAVID – A Talmudic author; lived at Gnesen (near Posen) in the beginning of the seventeenth century. He wrote: "Gedullat Mordecai" (The Greatness of Mordecai), containing annotations and painstaking corrections to the work of Mordecai...
BARUCH B. ISAAC (ha-Kohen ?) – Tosafist and codifier; flourished about 1200. He was born at Worms, but lived at Regensburg; hence he is sometimes called after the one and sometimes after the other city. A pupil of the great Tosafist Isaac b. Samuel of...
BARUCH B. JACOB (Shklover) – Talmudist, physician, and scientist; born at Shklov, White Russia, about 1740; died about 1812. He was one of the old-style Jewish scholars, more common in the Middle Ages than in the eighteenth century, in whom piety and...
BARUCH, JOSHUA BOAZ BEN SIMON BEN ABRAHAM – A prominent Talmudist; lived at Sabionetta, later at Savigliano; died in 1557. He was a descendant of an old Judæo-Spanish family, and probably settled in Italy after the banishment of the Jews from Spain. When he was...
BARUCH B. SAMUEL – Talmudist and prolific "payyeṭan"; flourished at the beginning of the thirteenth century; died at Mayence April 25, 1221. He was a pupil of Moses b. Solomon ha-Kohen of Mayence and of Eliezer b. Samuel of Metz; the judicial...
BARUCH B. ẒEBI HIRSCH – A casuist; lived in Poland at the end of the eighteenth century and the beginning of the nineteenth. He wrote "Shema'tatade-Rab" (Teachings of the Master), containing elucidative discussions of halakic questions that had been...
BASAN, ABRAHAM HEZEKIAH B. JACOB – Corrector of the press and author; lived in the second half of the eighteenth century at Amsterdam and Hamburg. He was at first corrector at Amsterdam, where he also wrote eulogiums and poems on some works printed there....
BASS, SHABBETHAI B. JOSEPH – Founder of Jewish bibliography; born at Kalisz 1641; died July 21, 1718, at Krotoschin. After the death of his parents, who were victims of the persecutions at Kalisz in 1655, Bass went to Prague. His teacher there in the Talmud...
BASSANI, HEZEKIAH MORDECAI B. SAMUEL – Rabbi of Verona, Italy; lived at the end of the sixteenth century and at the beginning of the seventeenth. He was the author of "Miktab le-Ḥizḳiyahu" (Letter of Hezekiah), on divorce, and "Ma'amar Mordekai" (Mordecai's Words),...
BASSANI, ISAIAH – Italian rabbi, of the first half of the eighteenth century; the son of Israel Hezekiah Bassani, who was a pupil of Moses Zacuto and of Judah Briel of Mantua. From 1702 to 1707 he was rabbi at Cento, as appears from the documents...
BASSANI, ISRAEL BENJAMIN – Rabbi at Reggio, Italy; born in 1703; died at Reggio Jan. 20, 1790 (5 Shebaṭ, 5550); son of Isaiah Bassani. He was a skilful poet, both in Hebrew and in Italian. In honor of Francisco III. of Este, duke of Modena, Bassani...
BASSANI, JEHIEL B. ḤAYYIM – Casuist and rabbi of Constantinople in the seventeenth century. His responsa (Constantinople, 1737) are valued for their keen analysis and terse style. Bassani maintained a learned correspondence with the great Oriental teachers...
BE ABIDAN – Supposed names of two places where, according to the Talmud, disputations between Jews and non-Jews were held. The location of these places is as much a matter of dispute as the words themselves—were they really names of places...
BE RAB – A name which, in the Talmud, has various meanings and occurs in a variety of combinations. Its immediate signification, however, is "academy of a tannaite or amora" (compare 'Er. 73a), for which the Jerusalem Talmud substitutes...
BEARD – Biblical Data: The modern Oriental cultivates his Beard as the sign and ornament of manhood: he swears by his Beard, touching it. The sentiment seems to have been the same in Biblical times. According to the Egyptian and...
BEERAH – Biblical Data: A descendant of Reuben, and head of the tribe at the time it was taken into captivity by Tiglath-pileser (I Chron.v. 6).J. Jr. G. B. L.—In Rabbinical Literature: Beerah, the prince of the tribe of Reuben, is...
BEHEADING – Biblical Data: As a regular capital punishment, Beheading does not seem to have been known to the Israelites before the time of the Greek dominion. Only cutting off the head of a slain or disabled enemy (I Sam. xvii. 51 et seq.)...
BEKOR SHOR, SAADIA – Alleged son of Joseph Bekor Shor, and reputed anthor of a frequently published poem on the number of letters in the Bible. This poem is mentioned in a Masoretic work written in the fourteenth century in southern Arabia, and is...
BELILHOS, DANIEL – Preacher and teacher at Amsterdam. He had a thorough knowledge of Biblical and rabbinical literature, was a facile Hebrew poet, taught the third class of the Talmud Torah, and officiated as preacher of the charitable societies...
BELILHOS, JACOB – Relative of Daniel Belilhos; rabbi at Venice about 1680. He wrote "Binyan Ne'arim" (Edification of Youth) in refutation of Samuel Aboab; it was, however, never published.Bibliography: Nepi-Ghirondi, Toledot Gedole Yisrael, p....
BELIN, ELIJAH BEN MOSES I – German commentator and liturgical poet of the fifteenth century. He was rabbi, cantor, and teacher of Talmud and Rabbinic literature at Worms, 1490. According to Zunz, he lived before this at Bingen-on-the-Rhine. Belin wrote a...
BELIN, ELIJAH BEN MOSES II – German Talmudist; died at Worms Feb. 26, 1587, having taken an active part in the affairs of the Jewish community in that city. A manuscript copy is extant (Neubauer, "Cat. Bodl. Hebr. MSS." No. 2184) of a disputation in the...
BELLA, wife of Joshua FALK – A woman of Talmudic learning; born at Lemberg about the middle of the sixteenth century; died at a very advanced age at Jerusalem. She was a daughter of the philanthropist and head of the community at Lemberg, Israel Edels, and...
BELLE-ASSEZ – A daughter of Solomon ben Isaac, called "Rashi" (1040-1105,) and wife of R. Eliezer. Belle-Assez (not "Bellejeune," "Belle," "Schön," see Jacob Tam, "Sefer ha-Yashar," ed. N. Rosenthal, p. 44, note), like the other daughters of...