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Louis Ginzberg, Ph.D.

Professor of Talmud, Jewish Theological Seminary of America, New York City.

Contributions:
BELLETTE – Daughter of Menahem, and sister of Isaac ben Menahem called "the Great"; lived at Orleans in the middle of the eleventh century. She is cited by Rashi, in a responsum, as an authority on a ritual question (Pardes, 4b; Assufot,...
BELMONTE, ISAAC NUÑEZ – One of the most prominent of Oriental casuists; son of Moses Nuñez Belmonte; lived in Smyrna at the end of the eighteenth century, and at the beginning of the nineteenth. He published a commentary upon the first and second parts...
BEN DAMA – Tanna of the beginning of the second century; a nephew of Ishmael b. Elisha. His inclination toward Hellenism and the Judæo-Christians contrasted with the attitude of his uncle, whom he once asked if he should study "Greek...
BEN ELASAH – A rich and prominent Palestinian of about the middle of the second century. He was the son-in-law of R. Judah ha-Nasi I., and is chiefly known in the Talmud as having been made a butt of on various occasions by Bar Ḳappara (Ned....
BEN-HADAD – Biblical Data: A name that would seem to mean simply "the son of Hadad," a well-known appellation of an Aramean and perhaps also of an Edomite deity (see Hadad). As found in the Old Testament, the name is applied to at least two...
BEN KAFRON – One of the three disciples of Menahem ben Saruk (last third of tenth century) who defended the honor of their teacher against his critic, Dunash ben Labrat. Judah ben Sheshet, a disciple of Dunash, wrote a violent polemic...
BEN KALBA SABBUA' – A rich and prominent man of Jerusalem who flourished about the year 70. According to the Talmud (Giṭ. 56a), he obtained his name from the fact that any one that came to his house hungry as a dog (Kalba), went away satisfied...
BEN LA'ANAH – Author of an apocryphal book. The name occurs only once in Yer. (Sanh. x. 28a), where it is said that among the apocryphal books ("sefarim ha-ḥiẓonim") mentioned in the Mishnah (Sanh. x. 1) as forbidden to be read, the works of...
BEN NAPHTALI – Masorite; flourished about 890-940 C.E., probably in Tiberias. Of his life little is known. His first name is in dispute. Some medieval authorities called him "Jacob"; two Tchufut-Kalè manuscripts have "Moses b. David"; a...
BEN SIRA, ALPHABET OF – A small book containing a double list of proverbs—twenty-two Aramaic and twenty-two Hebrew—alphabetically arranged, and a haggadic commentary on them, enriched with fables and legends. Corresponding to their linguistic...
BEN TEMALION – A demon mentioned in the Talmud. When the Jewish sages, with Simon b. Yoḥai at their head, went to Rome to obtain the revocation of certain edicts hostile to the Jews, the demon Ben Temalion appeared before them and ofered his...
BEN-ZE'EB, JUDAH LÖB – Admitted to the Haskalah. First Jewish grammarian and lexicographer of modern times; born near Cracow 1764; died at Vienna March 12, 1811. He received the religious education common to the Jews of Poland in those days. He...
BENAIAH – Biblical Data: 1. One of the Bene Parosh who took foreign wives (Ezra x. 25); in I Esd. ix. 26 he is called "Baanias."2. One of the Bene Pahath-moab in the same list (Ezra x. 30), called "Naidus" in I Esd. ix. 31.3. One of the...
BENDIG, MEÏR, OF ARLES – Talmudist at Arles, in the Provence, probably in the second half of the fifteenth century. He wrote the following works: (1) An index of all the Biblical passages cited in the Babylonian Talmud, including the "minor treatises,"...
BENET, MORDECAI B. ABRAHAM (MARCUS BENEDICT) – A Gifted Child. Talmudist and chief rabbi of Moravia; born in 1753 at Csurgό, a small vil lage in the county of Stuhlweissenburg, Hungary; died at Carlsbad Aug. 12, 1829. As Benet's parents were very poor and consequently unable...
BENET (BENEDICT), NAPHTALI BEN MORDECAI – Author and rabbi; born at the end of the eighteenth century; died October, 1857, at Schafa, Moravia, where he was rabbi. He was the author of the following works: (1) "Berit Melaḥ" (Covenant of Salt), Prague, 1816, a collection...
BENJAMIN – Biblical Data: Youngest son of Jacob by Rachel, who died on the road between Beth-el and Ephrath, while giving him birth. She named him "Ben-oni" (son of my sorrow); but Jacob, to avert the evil omen, called him "Ben Yamin," son...
BENJAMIN BEN AARON – asidic writer; lived toward the end of the eighteenth century. He was a pupil of Israel Ba'al Shem-Ṭob, and of Baer of Meseritz. Later, in 1790, he was a preacher at Zlazitz. He was the author of the following works: (1) "Ṭure...
BENJAMIN B. JEHIEL HA-LEVI – Polish Talmudist; lived at the beginning of the seventeenth century. He was the author of "Gib'at Benjamin" (Benjamin's Height), Lublin, 1617, an alphabetical index to Jacob b. Asher's four Ṭurim. The book is very rare, never...
BENJAMIN BEN JOAB – Payyeṭan; lived at Montalcino in the fourteenth century. His printed poems are: (1) A metrical introduction to the "Nishmat" for Passover. Every strophe of this poem has ten lines of seven syllables. (2) A seliḥah of five...
BENJAMIN B. MATTITHIAH – Author of a large collection of responsa; flourished in Turkey in the first half of the sixteenth century. His occupation was that of a merchant ("Benjamin Ze'eb," p. 14b), but he also served as a member of the rabbinical...
BENJAMIN BEN MEÏR – Polish Talmudist and preacher; lived at Brody, Galicia, in the first half of the nineteenth century. He wrote "Imre Binyamin" (The Words of Benjamin), a homiletic commentary upon the first three books of the Pentateuch...
BENJAMIN B. MEÏR HA-LEVI OF NUREMBERG – Rabbi at Salonica at the beginning of the sixteenth century. Although German by birth, being a descendant of Jacob Molin, he was greatly esteemed by the Spanish-Portuguese Jews of Salonica, and was sent by the entire Jewish...
BENJAMIN 'OZER B. MEÏR – Polish Talmudist; died at Zolkiev May 25, 1810. He was rabbi in Clementow, and afterward head of the yeshibah at Zolkiev. He wrote "Eben Ozer" (Stone of Salvation), published by his grandson, Aaron b. Loeb of Pintschew (Zolkiev,...
BENJAMIN B. SAMUEL OF COUTANCES – Talmudist and French liturgical poet of the first half of the eleventh century. The name of the place of his residence, Coutances (department of the Manche, Normandy), was formerly Coustances, in Hebrew ; and Grätz ("Gesch. der...