JewishEncyclopedia.com

The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
- Phrase search: "names of god"
- Exclude terms: "names of god" -zerah
- Volume/Page: v9 p419
- Diacritics optional: Ḥanukkah or hanukkah
- Search by Author: altruism author:Hirsch
search tips & recommendations

Louis Ginzberg, Ph.D.

Professor of Talmud, Jewish Theological Seminary of America, New York City.

Contributions:
BENJAMIN THE SHEPHERD – A shepherd who lived in Babylonia at the beginning of the third century. The Talmud has transmitted the formula of a blessing of which he was the author. Benjamin, who possessed no knowledge of Hebrew, and was therefore unable...
BENJAMIN, WOLF B. DANIEL – Rabbi in Chomsk, government of Grodno, Russia. He published "Naḥlat Binyamin" (Benjamin's Inheritance), festival sermons and a homiletic commentary on the Passover Haggadah (Cracow, 1642).Bibliography: Steinschneider, Cat. Bodl....
BENJAMIN WOLF BEN ẒEBI HIRSCH – Judæo-German writer; lived in the eighteenth century in Germany. He was the author of "Sefer ha-Ḥesheḳ" (Book of Desire), a Judæo-German collection of medical prescriptions (Hanau, 1726). Compare Naphtali Ha-Kohen; Joel...
BENJAMIN ZE'EB OF SLONIM – Russian Talmudist; lived at the end of the eighteenth century; reputed pupil of Elijah b. Solomon of Wilna, and of the latter's pupil, Ḥayyim b. Isaac of Volozhin. He wrote a number of letters, published under the title "Maẓref...
BENJAMIN ZE'EB WOLF BEN SHABBETHAI – Dayyan at Pinczow in the latter half of the seventeenth and at the beginning of the eighteenth century. He edited the Shulḥan 'Aruk, Ḥoshen Mishpaṭ, with notes that are a digest of the works of the rabbinical authorities of the...
BENJAMIN BEN ZERAḤ – Payyeṭan; lived in southeastern Europe in the middle of the eleventh century. He is called by the later payyeṭanim "the Great," and also "Ba'al Shem" (Master of the Name), on account of the numerous names of God and angels used...
BENOLIEL, JOSEPH – Portuguese translator; lived at Lisbon. He wrote the small book, "Porat Yosef" (Joseph's Fruitful Bough; see Gen. xlix. 22), containing Spanish translations of the sayings of the Fathers, the Pesaḥ-Haggadah, the Song of Solomon,...
BENVENISTE BEN JACOB – One of the officers of the society Biḳḳur Ḥolim of the Spanish synagogue in Venice toward the end of the seventeenth century. He was of Spanish descent, and is mentioned together with Raphael ben Solomon Silva and Isaac ben...
BENZION, BENJAMIN ZE'EB WOLF BEN JACOB HA-LEVI – Talmudist; lived probably in Galicia in the middle of the eighteenth century. He was the author of "'Et Raẓon" (Time of Grace), containing essays on morals, intended for the first part of the Minḥah prayer of Sabbath (Zolkiev,...
BERAB, JACOB [B. MOSES?] – Chosen Rabbi at Eighteen. Talmudist and rabbi; born at Moqueda near Toledo, Spain, in 1474; died at Safed April 3, 1546. He was a pupil of Isaac Aboab. When he fled from Spain to Tlemçen,then the chief town of the Barbary...
BEREBI – Title of learning in the period of the Tannaim, conferred especially upon scholars who were the sons of scholars, or upon members of the family of the patriarch. The explanation of the word as a compound of ("house") and...
BERECHIAH BERAK B. ELIAKIM GOETZEL – A grandson of Berechiah b. Isaac; rabbi and preacher of Klementow, Poland, and Jaworow, Galicia; lived toward the end of the seventeenth century and the beginning of the eighteenth. He was a very sincere preacher and suffered...
BERECHIAH BERAK B. ISAAC EISIK – Galician preacher; died in 1664 at Constantinople. He was educated by Nathan Shapira, rabbi of Cracow, and was appointed preacher of that city, where he spent most of his life. He ultimately left for Jerusalem, but died at...
BERECHIAH BEN ISAAC GERUNDI – Payyeṭan; lived in the twelfth century, probably at Lunel. Although he wrote nothing on the Halakah, his brother Zerahiah Gerundi, in his "Sefer ha-Maor," cites him as an authority on the treatise Giṭṭin (to 15b). Berechiah's...
BERKOWITZ, BENZION JUDAH BEN ELIAHU – Russian Hebrew scholar; born July 23, 1803; died at Wilna May 11, 1879. He is the author of the following works devoted to the study of the Targum Onkelos: (1) '"Oteh Or," Wilna, 1843; (2) "Leḥem we-Simlah," 2 vols., ib....
BERLIN, ARYEH LÖB BEN ABRAHAM MEÏR – German rabbi; born 1738 at Fürth, Bavaria; died at Cassel May 21, 1814. When quite young Berlin was dayyan in his native city, and at the same time rabbi of Baiersdorf, Bavaria. In 1789 he was appointed chief rabbi of Bamberg,...
BERLIN, DAVID B. (JUDAH) LOEB – Rabbi of the three united congregations, Altona, Hamburg, and Wandsbeck; born probably at Eisenstadt, Hungary, in the second half of the seventeenth century; died at Altona March 5, 1771. Very little is known of his life,...
BERLIN, ISAIAH B. (JUDAH) LOEB – The most eminent critic among the German Talmudists of the eighteenth century; born in Eisenstadt, Hungary, about October, 1725; died, while rabbi of Breslau, May 13, 1799.Berlin was the scion of a famous family of scholars...
BERLIN, JACOB – German Talmudist; born 1707, probably at Berlin; died 1749 at Fürth, Bavaria. He was a pupil of Jacob ha-Kohen, author of "Sheb Ya'aḳob," and later (not after 1734) settled at Fürth, where he lived as a well-to-do private...
BERLIN, NAḤMAN BEN SIMHAḤ – A polemical writer against reform; lived at Lissa, Germany, at the end of the eighteenth and the beginning of the nineteenth century. His literary activity was wholly devoted to the cause of orthodoxy, opposing steadfastly and...
BERLIN, NAPHTALI ẒEBI JUDAH – Head of the yeshibah of Volozhin, Russia; born at Mir, in the government of Minsk, in 1817; died at Warsaw Aug. 10, 1893. In 1831 Berlin, who was a descendant of a scholarly family, married the daughter of Isaac b. Ḥayyim, the...
BERLIN, NOAH ḤAYYIM ẒEBI HIRSCH B. ABRAHAM MEïR – German Talmudist and rabbi; born at Fürth 1737; died at Altona March 5, 1802. He was the son of a well-to-do and learned merchant at Fürth, who died Jan. 7, 1780, and whom Jacob Berlin regarded as a Talmudist of some merit. The...
BERLIN, SAUL – German Talmudist, and one of the most learned Jews of the Mendelssohnian period; born (at Glogau?) 1740; died in London Nov. 16, 1794. He received his general education principally from his father, who was chief rabbi of Berlin,...
BERNSTEIN, NAPHTALI HERZ – Author; lived in Russia about the first half of the nineteenth century. Being engaged in business, he devoted his leisure hours to study; applying himself especially to Biblical subjects, and writing much thereon, without,...
BERTINORO, OBADIAH (YAREH) B. ABRAHAM – Celebrated rabbi and commentator on the Mishnah; lived in the second half of the fifteenth century in Italy; died in Jerusalem about 1500. He was a pupil of Joseph b. Solomon Colon (see the latter's Responsa, No. 70, ed. Venice,...