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Louis Ginzberg, Ph.D.

Professor of Talmud, Jewish Theological Seminary of America, New York City.

Contributions:
BODEK, HERMAN – Galician Hebraist; born in Brody Sept. 27, 1820; died at Leipsic Aug. 19, 1880. He was descended from a highly respected family, and was the son-in-law of S. L. Rapoport. For a long time he lived in Leipsic, where he was...
BOETHUSIANS – Origin of Name. A Jewish sect closely related to, if not a development of, the Sadducees. The origin of this schism is recounted as follows by the Midrash: Antigonus of Soko having taught the maxim, "Be not like the servants who...
BÖHMER (V03p292001.jpg), JOSEPH B. MEÏR – Lithuanian rabbi and Talmudist; born at Skudy in 1796; died May 7, 1864, at Slutsk. One of the most eminent pupils of R. Ḥayyim of Volozhin, Böhmer attained such a reputation as Talmudist that legal questions were sent to him...
BONAFOS (V03p300007.jpg), VIDAL – Page From Bomberg's Edition of The Talmud, 1526.(In the Union Theological Seminary, New York.)Talmudist of Barcelona, at the end of the thirteenth century. Bonafos took a very active part in the anti-Maimonistic controversy, and...
BONAN, DAVID – Rabbi of the Livornian community of Tunis; died in that city in 1850. After his death his family defrayed the expenses of the publication of his works, "Nishal David," "Ohel David," both containing responsa (Leghorn, 1857);...
BONAN, ISAAC – Author; father of David Bonan; lived in Tunis at the end of the eighteenth century. After his death the following works of his were published: "Ohole Yiẓḥaḳ" (Isaac's Tents)—commentaries on several treatises of the Babylonian...
BONDI, ABRAHAM BEN YOM-ṬOB – Bohemian Talmudist; died 1787 at Prague. His posthumous work, "Zera' Abraham" (Seed of Abraham), essays on various treatises of the Talmud and on the post-Talmudic writers who treat of marital questions, was published by his son...
BONDI, MORDECAI – German author; lived at Dresden in the first quarter of the nineteenth century. He wrote, together with his brother Simon Bondi, the "Or Ester," a Hebrew dictionary of the Latin words occurring in the Talmud, Targumim and...
BONDI, SIMON – Lexicographer of the Talmud; lived at Dresden; died there Dec. 20, 1816. He wrote, together with his brother Mordecai, the "Or Ester" (Light of Esther), a Hebrew dictionary of the Latin words occurring in the Talmud, Targumim...
BONET DE LUNEL, SEN – French author of the Middle Ages. He wrote a supercommentary on Ibn Ezra's Bible commentary, which is mentioned by Nathaniel Caspi in his commentary on the "Cuzari," written in 1387, and is still extant in manuscripts (among...
BONFILS, JOSEPH B. SAMUEL – French Talmudist, Bible commentator, and "payyeṭan"; lived in the middle of the eleventh century. Of his life nothing is known but that he came from Narbonne, and was rabbi of Limoges in the province of Anjou (see Jacob Tam's...
BONVIVA – French Tosafist; flourished probably early in the thirteenth century at Château-Thierry. He and his father are mentioned in the manuscript Tosafot to the treatise Beẓah 6a, owned by R. N. Rabbinovicz. Since these Tosafot are...
BOSHAL (BOSTAL), MOSES BEN SOLOMON DE – Turkish Talmudist and preacher of the seventeenth century. He wrote "Yismaḥ Mosheh" (Moses Rejoices), a homiletic commentary on the Pentateuch (Smyrna, 1675), which is now very rare.Bibliography: Zunz, G. V. p. 445;...
BOSLANSKI, YOM-ṬOB LIPMAN HA-KOHEN – Russian rabbi; born 1824; died in Mir, government of Grodno, Dec. 26, 1892. In his younger days he was rabbi in Khaslavich and other communities; but for the last eighteen years of his life he stood at the head of the Jewish...
BOSTANAI – First exilarch under Arabian rule; flourished about the middle of the seventh century. The name is Aramaized from the Persian "bustan" or "bostan" (as proper name see Justi, "Iranisches Namenbuch," p. 74). Almost the only...
BOTON – Spanish family, which immigrated to Salonica, Turkey, in 1492, and which has produced many eminent rabbis and Talmudists. Jews bearing the name are still to be found in Constantinople, Salonica, Safed, and other cities of the...
BOZRAH – Biblical Data: 1. According to Isa. xxxiv. 6, lxiii. 1; Amos i. 12; Jer. xlix. 13, 22, one of the principal cities, or perhaps the capital, of Edom. Gen. xxxvi. 33 (= I Chron. i. 44) states that the Edomite king Jobab, son of...
BRANDEIS, BARUCH JUDAH (HA-LEVI) – Bohemian rabbi and author; lived in the second half of the eighteenth and the beginning of the nineteenth century at Prague, where he was assistant rabbi (dayyan). He was the son of Bezaleel Brandeis, rabbi in Jung-Bunzlau,...
BRANDEIS, BEZALEEL BEN MOSES (HA-LEVI) – Bohemian rabbi and author; died about 1750 at Jung-Bunzlau, where he was district rabbi and director of a Talmudic academy. His father, who was styled "Ḥarif" by his contemporaries, was rabbi at Mayence, Germany. Bezaleel wrote...
BRANDEIS, MOSES – German rabbi and Talmudic teacher; born about 1685; died June 24, 1761, in Mayence. As his surname indicates, he was famous in his time as a Talmudic dialectician, but he left no writings. His father, Jacob Brandeis, was rabbi...
BRANDON, BENJAMIN RAPHAEL DIAS – Dutch Talmudist and Hebrew author; died about 1750 at Amsterdam, where he was cantor. He wrote: "Orot ha-Miẓwot" (Lights of the Precepts), on the purpose of the Biblical and the Talmudic precepts (Amsterdam, 1753); and "'Emeḳ...
BRAUDES, REUBEN ASHER – Hebrew novelist and journalist; born at Wilna, Russia, 1851; died in Vienna Oct. 18, 1902. Educated on the usual Talmudical lines, he came early under the influence of the Maskilim.In 1868 Braudes became a contributor to...
BRAUNSCHWEIG, MOSES BEN MORDECAI – Polish Talmudist; lived about the middle of the sixteenth century at Cracow. He wrote a commentary on Jacob Weil's widely known codex on the slaughtering of animals and the inspection of slaughtered animals ("Hilkot Sheḥiṭot...
BRAZEN SEA – Biblical Data: The brazen laver of the Mosaic ritual; made by Solomon out of bronze captured by David at Tibhath and Chun, cities of Hadarezer (I Chron. xviii. 8). It served the same purpose for the officiating priests of...
BREASTPLATE OF THE HIGH PRIEST – Biblical Data: A species of pouch, adorned with precious stones, worn by the high priest on his breast when he presented in the Holy Place the names of the children of Israel. The etymological significance of the Hebrew word is...