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Louis Ginzberg, Ph.D.

Professor of Talmud, Jewish Theological Seminary of America, New York City.

Contributions:
CALEB – Biblical Data: According to the Biblical text, Caleb was of the tribe of Judah. He represented that tribe among the twelve spies whom Mosessent from the wilderness to spy out Canaan. He and Joshua alone brought back an...
CALIMANI, BARUCH – Italian publisher; lived in the second half of the sixteenth and at the beginning of the seventeenth century at Venice. He issued the work of his teacher, Eliezer Ashkenazi, "Ma'ase Adonai" (Venice, 1583), and Moses Alshech's...
CALÑI, SAMUEL BEN MOSES – Turkish rabbi of the fifteenth century; born at Arta in the Morea. Calñi is the author of responsa entitled "Mishpeṭe Shemuel," and printed by his nephew at Venice, 1599-1600. He was the son-in-law of Benjamin b. Mattathias,...
CANAAN – Biblical Data: Name of the son of Ham, and a brother of Cush (Ethiopia), Mizriam (Egypt), and Put (Phut), occurring in the geographical-ethnographical table, Gen. ix. and x. Originally the name "Canaan" was not an ethnic term....
CANAIM OF CAGLIARI – Italian archeologist of the eighth century, of whom nothing is known except that, like his contemporary towns-man Abraham di Cagliari, he was engaged in copying and deciphering Phenician and Greek inscriptions.Bibliography:...
CANIZAL, JACOB – Flourished probably in the fifteenth century. He was the author of notes on Rashi's commentary to the Pentateuch, which were published in "Perushim, le-Rashi," Constantinople, 1525 (?).Bibliography: Steinschneider, Cat. Bodl....
CANTARINI, AZRIEL (ANGELO) BEN SAMUEL (SIMON) HA-KOHEN – Italian rabbi; born 1577 at Padua; died there 1653. He was rabbi and preacher in his native city, and directed the yeshibah Leḳaḥ Ṭob there.Bibliography: Nepi-Ghirondi, Toledot Gedole Yisrael, p. 282; Mortara, Indice, p. 10;...
CANTARINI, ḤAYYIM MOSES (ANGELO) BEN ISAIAH AZRIEL – Italian physician, rabbi, poet, and writer; lived in the second half of the seventeenth and the first half of the eighteenth century at Padua, where he was also instructor in the yeshibah. He published in Italian: "Chirurgia...
CANTARINI, ISAAC ḤAYYIM (VITA) – Italian poet, writer, physician, and rabbi; born Feb. 2, 1644, at Padua; died there June 8, 1723. He studied Hebrew and the Talmud with Solomon Marini, author of the "Tiḳḳun 'Olam," and with the poet Moses Catalano. His...
CANTARINI, JUDAH (LEON) BEN SAMUEL (SIMON) HA-KOHEN – Italian physician and rabbi; born about 1650 at Padua; died there April 28, 1694. He had a large practise among the Christian as well as the Jewish population of that city, visiting the poorer of his patients four times a day...
CANTARINI, KALONYMUS AARON (CLEMENT) BEN SAMUEL (SIMON) HAKOHEN – Italian physician; born in 1593 at Padua; died there July 30, 1631, of the plague. He was famous as a Talmudist, as well as for his extensive knowledge of the profane sciences.Bibliography: Nepi-Ghirondi, Toledot Gedole Yisrael,...
CANTARINI, SAMUEL (SIMON) BEN GERSON HAKOHEN – Official procurator of the Jewish community of Padua; born about 1561; died 1631 during the plague, to which also two of his sons and other members of his family succumbed. His sons were Azriel, Kalonymus, and Judah Cantarini....
CANTON, ISAAC BERECHIAH – Italian Talmudist; flourished about the middle of the eighteenth century in Turin, in which city he established a yeshibah. He is the author of a responsum in Simson Morpurgo's "Shemesh Ẓedaḳah" (Yoreh De'ah, 12). Ghirondi...
CANTORI, JOSHUA DEI – Assailant of the Talmud at Cremona in 1559. According to Steinschneider, he belonged to the family Cantarini ( ). In consequence of a dispute with Joseph Ottolenghi, who was head of the Talmudical school of Cremona, Cantori, in...
CAPSALI – Family of scholars in European Turkey during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, which came originally from Greece, where a certain Elijah Capsali lived at the beginning of the fifteenth century. The name was taken from Cape...
CARMOLY, ISSACHAR BÄR BEN JUDAH – Alsatian rabbi; born at Ribeauville, Alsace, Sept. 15, 1735; died at Sulz May, 1781. At the age of ten he was advanced in his training for the rabbinate sufficiently to follow the elaborate lectures of Jonathan Eybeschütz....
CARO, ABRAHAM B. RAPHAEL – Turkish rabbi; flourished at Adrianople in the first half of the eighteenth century. He was a descendant of R. Joseph Caro, and was the stepson and pupil of R. Eliezer b. Jacob Naḥum, author of "Ḥazon Naḥum" (Constantinople,...
CARO, ARYEH LÖB BEN ḤAYYIM – Preacher at Posen in the second half of the eighteenth century. He was the author of a work, "El ha-Millu'im" (Ram of Consecration), a homiletic commentary on the Pentateuch and the Song of Songs, published, with additions...
CARO, DAVID – Prussian pedagogue; born about 1782 at Fordon, grand duchy of Posen; died Dec. 25, 1839, at Posen. He belonged to the school of the Meassefim, and devoted his great literary talents to the enlightenment of his brethren, to the...
CARO, ISAAC B. JOSEPH – Spanish Talmudist and Bible commentator; flourished in the second half of the fifteenth century and the first half of the sixteenth. The son of a scholar, and scion of a noble family, he devoted himself to study in his native...
CARO, JOSEPH B. EPHRAIM – The last great codifier of rabbinical Judaism, born in Spain or Portugal in 1488; died at Safed, Palestine, March 24, 1575. After the expulsion of the Jews from Spain, in 1492, Caro went with his parents to Nicopolis in European...
CARO, JOSEPH ḤAYYIM B. ISAAC SELIG – German-Russian rabbi; born 1800; died in Wloclawek, government of Warsaw, April 21, 1895. He was educated as an Orthodox Talmudist, and married the daughter of R. Ẓebi Hirsch Amsterdam of Konin, government of Kalisz in Russian...
CASE – One of the foremost Polish rabbis and Talmudists of the end of the sixteenth century and the beginning of the seventeenth; died at Posen about 1610. His name, "Case" ( ) or "Ḳaza" ( ) is most probably only a variant of the...
CASES – Jewish Italian family that included among its members rabbis, physicians, and scholars. The more numerous branch of the family lived in Mantua; some lived in Ferrara; some emigrated to Turkey and Palestine (see Zunz, in...
CASTELLO (CASTILHO), ABRAHAM ISAAC – Rabbi, preacher, and poet; born at Ancona 1726; died at Leghorn Aug. 1, 1789. At the age of thirteen he arrived, poor and destitute, in Leghorn, where, although he had previously intended to become a mechanic, his agreeable...