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Peter Wiernik,

Journalist, New York City.

Contributions:
SAMUEL BEN ABIGDOR – Russian rabbi; born about 1720; died 1793 at Wilna, where his father, who had been rabbi in Pruzhani, Rushany, and Wilkowyszky, spent his last years (see Abigdor ben Samuel). His father-in-law, Judah ben Eliezer, surnamed...
SAMUEL B. MOSES PHINEHAS – Polish rabbi; died in Posen Nov. 25, 1806. He was a descendant of R. Joshua (d. 1648), the author of "Maginne Shelomoh," and was related to the Heilprin family. At the age of twenty-three he became rabbi of Bilguria, near...
SCHAPIRO, MOSES B. PHINEHAS – Russian rabbi and printer; born probably in Koretz, Volhynia, about 1758; died in Slavuta 1838. He was the son of the Ḥasidic rabbi Phinehas of Koretz, and was rabbi of Slavuta in 1808, when he began to publish a new edition of...
SCHEINDLINGER, SAMUEL B. ABRAHAM (SALER) – Polish rabbi; died in Lemberg Aug. 7, 1796. He was probably a native of Dobromil, and was at first rabbi in Sale and afterward preacher and rosh bet din in Lemberg, where he remained until his death. Scheindlinger was the author...
SCHERSCHEWSKI, BENJAMIN – Russian physician; born in Brest-Litovsk 1857. He studied medicine at the University of Warsaw, from which he graduated in 1883. In 1885 he went to Palestine and settled in Jerusalem; two years later he went to Vienna, where he...
SCHIFFER, FEIWEL (PHOEBUS) – Russian Hebraist and poet; born in Lasezow, government of Lublin, about 1810; died after 1866. He lived successively in Josefov, Brody, Szebrszyn, and Warsaw, and was one of the best-known of the early Maskilim of Russian...
SCHOR, (MOSES) EPHRAIM SOLOMON (the Elder) – Polish rabbi; died in Lublin in 1633. He was the son of Naphtali Hirsch of Moravia and a descendant of the tosafist Joseph Bekor Schor. Ephraim Solomon married Hannele, the daughter of Saul Wahl of Brest-Litovsk, of which city...
SEIBERLING, JOSEPH – Russian educator, censor, and communal worker; born in Wilna; died at an advanced age after 1882. His father, Isaac Markusewich, was one of the few Jewish physicians who graduated from the university which existed in Wilna from...
SHADCHAN – Marriage-broker. The verb "shadak" ("meshaddekin"), referring to the arrangements which two heads of families made between themselves for the marriage of their children, was used in Talmudical times (Shab. 150a). But the...
SHAMMASH – Communal and synagogal officer whose duties to some extent correspond with those of the verger and beadle. In Talmudical times he was called "ḥazzan"; and then it was also a part of his duties to assist in reciting some of the...
SHAPIRO, ARYEH LÖB B. ISAAC – Polish rabbi and grammarian; born 1701; died at Wilna April, 1761. He went to Wilna in his childhood, and married a daughter of Mordecai b. Azriel, one of its prominent citizens. His Talmudical knowledge was extensive, and he...
SHISKES, SAUL B. JUDAH LÖB – Polish rabbinical scholar; died in Wilna, at an advanced age, March 28, 1797. He is chiefly known as the author of "Shebil ha-Yashar," on Alfasi, only the first part of which has been published (Wilna, 1839). Shiskes...
SILBERMAN, ELIEZER LIPMAN – German rabbi and Hebrew journalist; born in Königsberg, Prussia, Sept. 7, 1819; died in Lyck, Prussia, March 15, 1882. His parents were Russians who settled in Königsberg when Jews were admitted to that city during the...
SOKOLOW, NAHUM B. JOSEPH SAMUEL – Russian journalist; born in Wishograd, government of Plock, Russian Poland, Jan. 10, 1859. His father, a descendant of Nathan Shapira, author of "Megalleh 'Amuḳḳot," removed to Plock about 1865, where Nahum received the usual...
SOLOMON B. JUDAH LÖB OF DESSAU – German Hebraist and teacher; born about 1662; died after 1734. He was a teacher in Dessau, and is said by Fürst to be the author of a small dictionary, or rather vocabulary, in Hebrew and Judæo-German entitled "Ḥinnuk Ḳaṭan"...
SOLOMON B. MORDECAI – Polish rabbi; died 1609. He was a pupil of Solomon Luria and was rabbi of Meseritz and Ostrog, holding also some rabbinical position in Lemberg. He is referred to as "R. Shelomtzi, the pupil of Maharshal" in a manuscript work...
SPEKTOR, ISAAC ELHANAN – Early Struggles. Russian rabbi and author; born at Rosh, government of Grodno, 1817; died at Kovno March 6, 1896. His father, Israel Issar, who was rabbi of Resh and had a leaning toward Ḥasidism, was his first teacher. Young...
SPITZER, BENJAMIN SOLOMON – Austrian rabbi and champion of Orthodoxy; died in Vienna, at an advanced age, Dec. 5, 1893. He was the son-in-law of R. Moses Sofer, and was for more than forty years rabbi of the ultra-Orthodox congregation of Vienna, whose...
STRASHUN, SAMUEL B. JOSEPH – Russian Talmudist; born in Zaskevich, government of Wilna, 1794; died in Wilna March 21, 1872. He was educated by his father, and became known as a proficient Talmudist. He married at an early age, and settled with his wife's...
SULAMITH – First Jewish monthly magazine in the German language, its subtitle being "Eine Zeitschrift für Beförderung der Kultur und Humanität Unter der Jüdischen Nation." The first volume appeared in Leipsic, July, 1806, and was edited by...
TAM, JACOB B. DAVID IBN YAḤYA – Portuguese-Turkish rabbi and physician; born in Portugal in the second half of the fifteenth century;died in Constantinople between 1534 and 1542. His father, David b. Solomon (d. Constantinople, 1504), one of the most prominent...
TANḤUM B. ELIEZER – Lithuanian rabbi and merchant; born 1746; died in Grodno Jan. 12, 1819. He was the son of R. Eliezer of Urle (Orle), in the government of Grodno, and succeeded his father in that rabbinate. Later he occupied the position of...
TORRE, LELIO (HILLEL) DELLA – Italian rabbi and educator; born in Cuneo, Piedmont, Jan. 11, 1805; died in Padua July 9, 1871. His father, Solomon Jehiel Raphael ha-Kohen, died in 1807; and Lelio was brought up by his uncle Sabbatai Elhanan Treves, a rabbi in...
TROKI – District city in the government of Wilna, Russia. It was an important Jewish center in the fourteenth, fifteenth, and sixteenth centuries; and there is a tradition, quoted by Firkovich, that 330 out of the 483 Karaite families...
TUSHIYYAH – Publishing establishment founded in Warsaw in 1896, which, though a private enterprise, is in reality a Hebrew publication society striving to further the development and spread of Neo-Hebrew literature. Its founder,...