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S. Mannheimer, B.L.

Instructor, Hebrew Union College, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Contributions:
BEER, PETER (PEREZ) – Austrian educationalist; born Feb. 19, 1758, at Neubydžow, Bohemia; died Nov. 8, 1838, at Prague. After having received his early training in Bible and Talmud, and—what was unusual in those days—in German and Latin, he entered,...
BISMARCK, PRINCE OTTO EDUARD LEOPOLD – Prussian statesman; born at Schönhausen April 1, 1815; died at Friedrichsruh July 30, 1898; member of the Prussian Diet (Vereinigter Landtag), 1847-51; representative of Prussia at the Bundestag at Frankfort-on-the-Main,...
BONDI, PHILIP – Austrian rabbi; born at Jinoschitz, Bohemia, Feb. 26, 1830. After having received a good education at home under the care of his father (Samuel), Bondi entered the gymnasium at Prague in 1844, and studied Talmud and Rabbinica...
BRENZ, SAMUEL FRIEDRICH – Anti-Jewish writer; born at Osterburg, Bavaria, in the latter half of the sixteenth century; date and place of death unknown. He was converted to Christianity in 1610 at Feuchtwangen, and wrote "Jüdischer Abgestreifter...
BRESSLAU , MENDEL BEN ḤAYYIM JUDAH – Bookseller at Breslau (died 1829); author of articles in the periodical "Ha-Meassef," and of an allegorical ethical dialogue, "Yaldut u-Baḥarut" (Childhood and Youth), Breslau, 1786. He also wrote "Gelilot Ereẓ Israel," a...
CARINTHIA – A crownland of Austria. It has but a small number of Jews, whose ancestors, with the Jews of the neighboring crownlands, Carniola (Krain) and Styria (Steiermark), shared the vicissitudes of their brethren in the Austrian empire....
CARO, DAVID – Prussian pedagogue; born about 1782 at Fordon, grand duchy of Posen; died Dec. 25, 1839, at Posen. He belonged to the school of the Meassefim, and devoted his great literary talents to the enlightenment of his brethren, to the...
CHORIN (CHORINER), AARON – Hungarian rabbi; born at Weisskirchen, Moravia, Aug. 3, 1766; died at Arad, Hungary, Aug 24, 1844. At the age of fourteen he studied in the yeshibah of Rabbi Jeremias in Mattersdorf, Hungary, and two years later at Prague in the...
COEN, JACOB – Eldest son of Abraham Coen, and receiver-general ("contador mayor") of Count Maurice of Nassau, Stadtholder of the United Provinces of the Netherlands, 1584-1625. Although the Jews of Holland did not possess rights of...
COUSSERI (COUSSER, V04p317001.jpg) – Jewish family of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries; lived in Riva di Trento and neighboring towns of northern Italy. The epitaph on the tomb of Meshullam Cousseri (died July 20, 1541) indicates Riva di Trento as the original...
FISCHHOF, ADOLF – Austrian writer and politician; born at Alt-Ofen, Hungary, Dec. 8, 1816; died at Emmersdorf, near Klagenfurth, Carinthia, March 23, 1893. After studying medicine (1836-1844) he was appointed physician at the Vienna hospital....
FRANKL, LUDWIG AUGUST, RITTER VON HOCHWART – Austrian poet and writer; born at Chrast, Bohemia, Feb. 3, 1810, died at Vienna March 12, 1894. He received his early education at the Piarists' gymnasium of Prague and at the Piarists' college of Leitomischl, his teacher in...
GOLDENTHAL, JACOB – Austrian Orientalist; born at Brody, Galicia, April 16, 1815; died at Vienna Dec. 28, 1868; educated at the University of Leipsic. In June, 1843, he became principal of the Jewish school at Kishinef, Bessarabia, and held the...
GRIESHABER (KRIEGSHABER), ISAAC – Polish-Hungarian rabbi at Paks, Hungary; born at Cracow. He was the author of "Maḳḳel No'am" (Vienna, 1799), in which he sharply criticized Aaron Chorin for declaring the sturgeon permissible food.Bibliography: Löw, Gesammelte...
HAHN, JOSEPH YUSPA NÖRDLINGER (JOSEPH BEN PHINEHAS NÖRDLINGEN) – German rabbi; born at Frankfort-on-the-Main in the latter half of the sixteenth century; died there April 3, 1637. He received a good education from his father, the learned rabbi Seligmann. The name "Hahn," as his grandson,...
HANNOVER, RAPHAEL LEVI – Mathematician and astronomer; son of Jacob Joseph; born at Weikersheim, Franconia, 1685; died at Hanover May 17, 1779. He was educated at the Jewish school of Hanover and at the yeshibah of Frankfort-on-the-Main, and became...
ḤAYYIM HA-KOHEN – German rabbi; born at Prague at the end of the sixteenth century; died at Posen about the middle of the seventeenth century. He was the son of Isaac ben Samson ha-Kohen, and, on his mother's side, a grandson of the renowned Löw...
HEDYOṬ – Term used in Mishnah, Talmud, and Midrash to designate a private person, a commoner, not belonging to the class of kings, priests, officers, etc. (e.g., Sanh. 90a, "three kings and four hedyoṭot"); also an ignorant man; one of...
HEILPRIN, JOEL BEN ISAAC – Polish Ḥasidic rabbi; lived at Ostrog in the middle of the seventeenth century. He was known as "Ba'al Shem I.," and, owing to his Talmudic and cabalistic learning, enjoyed a great reputation among his contemporaries, who called...
HEKSCHER, EPHRAIM BEN SAMUEL SANVEL – President of the Jewish congregation at Altona at the beginning of the eighteenth century. He was the author of: "Dibre Ḥakamim we-Ḥidotam," giving the sources and interpretations of many rabbinical laws (Altona, 1743); "Adne...
HERDER, JOHANN GOTTFRIED VON – German Protestant theologian, poet, and writer; born at Mohrungen, East Prussia, Aug. 25, 1744; died at Weimar Dec. 21, 1803. He studied theology, philosophy, and the humanities at the University of Königsberg, where he acquired...
HERZBERG-FRÄNKEL, LEO – Austrian writer; born at Brody, Galicia, Sept. 19, 1827. At the age of seventeen he went for a year to Bessarabia, and on his return published "Bilder aus Russland und Bessarabien," and made contributions to Wertheimer's...
HESS, ERNST FRIEDRICH – German convert to Christianity and anti-Jewish writer; lived in the sixteenth century. He was the author of "Neue Judengeissel, eine Polemische Schrift Gegen Juden und Judenthum" (Fritzlar, 1589; Paderborn, 1600 and 1606;...
HESS, MENDEL – German rabbi; born at Lengsfeld, Saxe-Weimar, March 17, 1807; died at Eisenach Sept. 21, 1871. He was one of the first Jewish theologians to combine a university education with Talmudical training. From 1828 until his death he...
HILDESHEIMER, SAMUEL BEN JOSEPH – Rabbi at Frankfort-on-the-Main (1618-22). He reorganized the Jewish congregation, whose administration, in consequence of the Fettmilch agitation, was disrupted. Upon his proposition seven representatives, chosen from among the...