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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Schulim Ochser, Ph.D.

(Office Editor), Rabbi, New York City.

Contributions:
UZ – 1. Son of Aram, and grandson of Shem, according to Gen. x. 23; but I Chron. i. 17 records him as a son of Shem.2. Eldest son of Nahor by Milcah; nephew of Abraham (Gen. xxii. 21; A. V. has "Huz").3. One of the sons of Dishan,...
UZIEL – Family name occurring principally among the Sephardim in Spain, where it is found as early as the fifteenth century. After the expulsion of the Jews from Spain and Portugal, the Uziels were scattered throughout northern Africa,...
UZIEL – Family name occurring principally among the Sephardim in Spain, where it is found as early as the fifteenth century. After the expulsion of the Jews from Spain and Portugal, the Uziels were scattered throughout northern Africa,...
UZZA, UZZAH – 1. —Biblical Data: Son of Abinadab. Together with his brother Ahio, he drove the new cart on which was placed the Ark of the Covenant when, accompanied by David and all the house of Israel, it was brought from Abinadab's house...
UZZIEL – 1. Son of Kohath and brother of Amram (Ex. vi. 18; I Chron. vi. 2). He was the father of Mishael, Elzaphan, and Zithri (Ex. vi. 22). The first two, at the bidding of Moses, carried from the Tabernacle the bodies of Nadab and...
VAEZ – Prominent family of Lisbon, whose foremost members, the four brothers Immanuel, Pedro, Ayres, and Salvador, resided in Portugal as Maranos during the sixteenth century.Abraham Vaez: Ḥakam of the Portuguese congregation in...
VARUS, QUINTILIUS – Roman governor of Syria 6-4 B.C.; successor of Saturninus. He first became prominent in Jewish history when Herod the Great placed his own son Antipater on trial before the tribunal over which Varus presided, and which condemned...
VECCHIO, DEL – Italian family, tracing its descent from the period of the destruction of the Second Temple. Some members of this family were called also ("the old ones"). Its most important members were the following:Abraham ben Shabbethai del...
VENTURA – Family of rabbis and scholars prominent in Italy and Greece in the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries.Eliezer ben Samuel Ventura: Italian scholar of the sixteenth century; born at Da Porta, province of Perugia;...
VIDAL OF TOLOSA – Spanish scholar of the latter half of the fourteenth century. He resided in Catalonia, where he prepared his most important work, "Maggid Mishneh," a commentary on Maimonides' "Yad." This work covered the entire contents of the...
VIDAS, SAMUEL BEN ḤABIB DE – Spanish scholar and Bible commentator of the fifteenth century; it is said, but not known with certainty, that he was a physician also. He wrote a commentary on Lamentations, entitled "Perush Megillat Ekah," which appeared in...
VITA DELLA VOLTA (SOLOMON ḤAYYIM) – Italian physician and Hebraist; born Sept. 24, 1772; died March 29, 1853; flourished in Mantua. He was the owner of a large Hebrew library, which, together with its 131 manuscripts, came into the possession of Marco Mortara....
VITAL – Italian family, including several scholars, of whom the best known are:Ḥayyim Vital: Cabalist; son of Joseph Vital; born at Safed in 1543; died at Damascus May 6, 1620. He was educated by Moses Alshech. His biography is full of...
VITAL, DAVID B. SOLOMON VITAL HA-ROFE – Spanish scholar; emigrated from Spain in the early part of the sixteenth century; died at Arta, or Narda, in Greece, after 1536. He went first to Turkey, and then settled at Patras in the Morea, remaining there until the fall of...
VOLTERRA, AARON ḤAI – Liturgical poet of the first half of the eighteenth century; rabbi of the Italian communities in Massa e Carrara. He was the author of a prayer entitled "Baḳḳashah," or "Elef Shin." The latter name, however, is misleading; for...
WALLER STEIN, ABRAHAM BEN ASHER – German scholar and rabbi of the eighteenth century; officiated in Schnaittach, Bavaria. He was the author of the following works: "Ma'amar Abraham" (Fürth, 1757), Hebrew sermons on the weekly lessons of the entire Pentateuch;...
WATER – Water for Guests. Water was looked upon by the Jews as extremely important and precious. The first thing placed before a guest was water to wash his feet (Gen. xviii. 4, xxiv. 32), and it was a duty of hospitality to give water...
WEIL, SIMEON HIRSCH – German scholar; son of Nethaneel Weil; lived in Carlsruhe in the eighteenth century. He published his father's "Netib Ḥayyim," "Torat Netan'el," and responsa, and wrote "Sefer Eldad ha-Dani" (with a German translation;...
WELL – The Hebrew language distinguishes between two kinds of wells: (1) "be'er," an artificially constructed hollow in which the water of a spring or underground water collects, and "bor," a cistern in which rain-water is stored. Of...
WERBER, BARUCH – Austrian Hebraist; born at Brody, Galicia, in the beginning of the nineteenth century; died there July 31, 1876. Werber, who was a follower of Isaac Erter and Nachman Krochmal, founded a Hebrew weekly, which was published in...
WERBER, JACOB – Austrian Hebraist; born at Brody, Galicia, Feb. 4, 1859; died there Aug. 20, 1890; son of Baruch Werber. When only fifteen years of age Jacob could write and speak Hebrew fluently; and in 1874 he published in "Ha-'Ibri" a...
WESEL, BARUCH BENDET BEN REUBEN – German rabbi and scholar; born at Wesel in the latter half of the seventeenth century; died at Breslau in the latter part of 1753 or the beginning of 1754. He was a descendant of a prominent family which had ramifications in...
WIENER, ADOLF – German rabbi; born in Murowana-Goslin, Posen, 1811; died in Oppeln, Prussian Silesia, Aug. 25, 1895. Having acquired his diploma as Ph.D., he went as rabbi to Posen, where he introduced a modern synagogal service with German...
WIENER, MEïR – German teacher; born at Glogau June 3, 1819; died at Hanover March 31, 1880; head master of the religious school at Hanover. He made a German translation of the "Shebeṭ. Yehudah" of Solomon ibn Verga (Hanover, 1855; 2d ed. 1856;...
WOLF, ABRAHAM NATHAN – German scholar; born at Dessau in 1751; died there in 1784. On account of his liberal views he was highly esteemed by Moses Mendelssohn, but when he endeavored to harmonize the usual Jewish system of training with modern...