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Schulim Ochser, Ph.D.

(Office Editor), Rabbi, New York City.

Contributions:
WOLF BEN JOSEPH OF DESSAU – German scholar and author; born at Dessau in 1762; died there March 16, 1826. Left an orphan at an early age, he was educated by his father-in-law, Reb Gumpel; and in 1775 he lived with his uncle, Jacob Benscher, at Berlin,...
WOLOWSKI – Polish family, several members of which became converted to Christianity. It flourished in southern Poland in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, and was directly descended from Osias Tebu'at-Shor. It was not until the...
WORMS – Early History. Town in Rhein-Hesse, grand duchy of Hesse, Germany. Like Mayence and Cologne, it has one of the oldest Jewish communities in Germany. A legend relates that the Jews of Worms were descended from the Benjamites who...
XIMENES DE CISNEROS – Spanish priest, statesman, regent, and grand inquisitor; born 1436; died 1517. He studied in Rome, and upon his return to Spain was appointed confessor to Queen Isabella of Castile. In 1507 the pope invested him with the dignity...
YAḤYA – Portuguese family of the Middle Ages, members of which were prominent in Portugal, Spain, Italy, and Turkey. Certain individuals of the family bore the additional cognomen "Negro," with reference to the Moors, from whom several...
YAḲḲAR BEN SAMUEL HA-LEVI I. – German scholar of the eleventh century; lived for a short time in Speyer. He was a pupil of Kalonymus of Rome, and questions addressed by him to Kalonymus have been preserved ("Shibbole ha-Leḳet," viii.); several of these...
YAḲḲAR BEN SAMUEL HA-LEVI II. – German scholar and liturgical poet of the second half of the thirteenth ceutury; flourished in Cologneand in Mayence. He was related to Meïr of Rothenburg, in whose responsa he is several times mentioned; and he was a pupil of...
YANNAI – Palestinian amora of the third century; father-in-law of Ammi. According to his own statement, he had a grandson of the same name (Ḥul. 111a). He is known as having taken part in a controversy regarding the succession of the...
YANNAI BEN ISHMAEL – Palestinian amora of the third century; a contemporary of Ze'era and of Abba bar Kahana. There exist a few halakot transmitted in his name, among them one referring to the prayer "Shomea' Tefillah" (Ta'an. 14a). A question,...
YANNAI THE YOUNGER – Palestinian amora of the fourth generation; called "the Younger " ("ze'era") to distinguish him from Yannai b. Ishmael. When his father-in-law died Yannai was exempted from the priestly laws of purity in order that he might...
YARMUK – River of Palestine; its various sources rise in the mountains of Hauran and Jaulan; it flows generally west and empties into the Jordan four English miles south of the Lake of Gennesaret. Although it is narrow and shallow...
YASHAR, SEFER HA- – One of the latest works of the midrashic Haggadah; known also under the titles "Toledot Adam" and "Dibre ha-Yamim be-'Aruk." It is written in correct and fluent Hebrew, and treats of the history of the Jews from the time of Adam...
YEMEN – Province comprising the southwestern part of Arabia. Various traditions trace the earliest settlement of Jews in this region back to the time of Solomon, and the Sanaite Jews have a legend to the effect that their forefathers...
YERUSHALMI, SOLOMON B. MENAHEM – Scholar of the early part of the sixteenth century. He wrote a commentary on the Book of Ruth which he entitled "Perush 'al Rut" (Salonica, 1551; 2d ed. [together with the "Pardes Rimmonim"], Sabbionetta, 1554).Bibliography:...
YISHAR KOḤEKA – A frequent exclamation and expression of thanks. The first part of the formula is derived by Levy and Kohut from "yashar" = "to be firm or healthy." The phrase occurs in the Talmud in the Hebrew form "yishar koḥeka" (Shab. 87a)...
YIẒḤAḲ (ISAAC) – Tanna of the early post-Hadrianic period (2d cent. C.E.); a halakic exegete whose Biblical exegesis mostly belongs to the Mekilta and the Sifre. In the Tosefta he transmits sayings in the name of Eliezer ben Hyrcanus (Ter. i. 1,...
YIẒḤAḲ BAR ADDA – Palestinian amora of uncertain period. He interpreted Ps. xcii. 13 as meaning that even as the shade of the palm-tree extends far and wide, so shall the reward of the pious extend to the future world (Shoḥer Ṭob to Ps. xcii.;...
YIẒḤAḲ HA-BABLI – Palestinian amora. His period is unknown. Two haggadot of his are extant. The king Melchizedek, who went to meet Abraham, was called Salem, says Yiẓḥaḳ, because he was perfect; that is, he had early submitted to circumcision...
YIẒḤAḲ OF CARTHAGE – In an edition of the Pesiḳta Rabbati by Buber (xiv. 64a) occurs the word , written incorrectly for = καταδίκη ("punishment," "penance"). Buber, however, in his preface (p. 80) attempts to identify this with the name of one...
YIẒḤAḲ B. ELEAZAR OF CÆSAREA – Palestinian amora of the fourth century. He was a teacher of law in the old synagogue of Cæsarea, where he was so loved by pupils and friends thatJacob of Kefar Nibburaya placed him as high in this synagogue as is God Himself in...
YIẒḤAḲ BEN ḤAḲOLA – Palestinian amora of the third century. He was a contemporary of Joshua ben Levi and Johanan, and belonged to the school of Eleazar ben Pedat. He transmitted halakot in the names of Abba ben Zabda, Judah II. (Yer. 'Er. 24d),...
YIẒḤAḲ BEN ḤIYYA THE SCRIBE – Palestinian amora of the fourth century; contemporary of Mani. He was well known as a scribe, and was the author of a halakah in which he asserted that Torah scrolls might be written on various parchments, but that this rule did...
YIẒḤAḲ BAR JOSEPH – Palestinian amora of the third and fourth centuries. He was a pupil of Abbahu and of Johanan, and transmitted almost entirely in the name of the latter. It is related that he was once about to be killed by a spirit to which he...
YIẒḤAḲ BAR JUDAH – Babylonian amora of the fourth century; a junior contemporary of Ulla. He was educated at his father's house in Pumbedita; and once when Ulla visited there the latter expressed displeasure at the fact that Yiẓḥaḳ was not yet...
YIẒḤAḲ OF MAGDALA – Palestinian amora of the third century. He engaged in various midrashic controversies. Among them was one with Levi concerning I Kings vii. 50 (Cant. R. on iii. 10), and another with Kahana concerning Joseph's abstention from...